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Volumen 20 (2021): Heft 1 (December 2021)

Volumen 19 (2020): Heft 1 (December 2020)

Volumen 18 (2019): Heft 1 (December 2019)

Volumen 17 (2018): Heft 1 (December 2018)

Volumen 16 (2017): Heft 1 (December 2017)

Volumen 15 (2016): Heft 1 (December 2016)

Volumen 14 (2015): Heft 1 (December 2015)

Volumen 13 (2014): Heft 1 (December 2014)

Volumen 12 (2013): Heft 1 (December 2013)

Volumen 11 (2012): Heft Supplement (December 2012)

Volumen 11 (2012): Heft 1 (November 2012)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2286-0134
ISSN
1583-980X
Erstveröffentlichung
08 Feb 2013
Erscheinungsweise
1 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

Volumen 11 (2012): Heft 1 (November 2012)

Zeitschriftendaten
Format
Zeitschrift
eISSN
2286-0134
ISSN
1583-980X
Erstveröffentlichung
08 Feb 2013
Erscheinungsweise
1 Hefte pro Jahr
Sprachen
Englisch

Suche

25 Artikel
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

“Contending with the Fretful Element”: Shakespeare and the (Gendered) Great Chain of Being

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 1 - 22

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

E. M. W. Tillyard’s short but seminal book, The Elizabethan World Picture made its appearance as a ground-breaking work in the mid-1940s. It successfully adapted Arthur O. Lovejoy’s discovery of the Great Chain of Being as the central idea and metaphor of the premodern world picture for English Renaissance culture and literature, offering a key to understanding the often unfamiliar and obscure natural philosophy and metaphysics behind its works of art and literature. The concept of the Great Chain also led to Shakespeare being seen as a supporter of a conservative order in which religious, moral, philosophical, and scientific notions corresponded with each other in a strict hierarchy. The poststructuralist turn unleashed a severe attack on Tillyard and his legacy. As Ewan Fernie in a recent book on the Renaissance has diagnosed: “Now, after the theoretical overhaul, the notion of an ultimately authoritarian Renaissance has been thoroughly revised. In place of Tillyard’s full-fledged and secured physical, social and cosmological system, more recent critics tend to posit a conflicted and constantly negotiated culture with no essential pattern”. But what has happened to the idea of the Great Chain of Being, which, without doubt, played a major role in the Renaissance world picture and provided a basic knowledge about the elements? In my paper I am going to revisit some aspects of this world picture and examine how Shakespeare related to this (more often than not) in a subversive way, while still remaining within the boundaries of this organic and proto-modern system. Since the concept of the elements had gender aspects, too, I will also focus on the question of how proto-modern natural philosophy theorised about the dichotomy, antagonism, and the cooperation of male and female principles.

Schlüsselwörter

  • gender
  • Great Chain of Being
  • premodern natural philosophy
  • romances
  • Shakespeare
  • theology
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Maritime Fantasies and Gender Space in Three Shakespearean Comedies

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 23 - 37

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Laden with sea images, Shakespeare‘s plays dramatise the maritime fantasies of his time. This paper discusses the representation of maritime elements in Twelfth Night, The Tempest and The Merchant of Venice by relating them to gender and space issues. It focuses on Shakespeare‘s creation of maritime space as space of liberty for his female characters.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Shakespeare
  • maritime space
  • gender
  • Twelfth Night
  • The Tempest
  • The Merchant of Venice
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Patterns and Representations of Shakespearean Love: Hubris, Infatuation, Agape in Hamlet

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 38 - 50

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The more conceptually elusive love has proven to be, the more it has whetted humanity’s appetite to try to narrow it down. Could one say that Shakespeare is one of the few personalities that managed not only to exemplify almost all recurrent patterns of love, but also to recreate them, in his case, within his plays? Is love weak, or is it so strong that it gives life to a character, only to overwhelm and destroy him/her later? Are there any archetypal emotional stages, or is it a fiery combustion? These are all questions which this paper will attempt to discuss with regard to Hamlet.

Keywords

  • Agape
  • gender stereotypes
  • Hubris
  • love dynamics
  • women between virtue and evil
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

“In the Head of the Worthiest Women”: Amazon Queens and Performing Heroines in Jacobean Court Masques

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 51 - 67

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Queen Anne of Denmark’s role - as actress and patroness - in emancipating womanliness onstage by direct performance is strictly connected to the emerging trend of fashioning masques in the early Jacobean court. My paper will focus on the connection/contamination of this dramatic phenomenon with the current imagery of acting warlike heroines, conflicting Anne’s policy for entertainments with masculine and royal anxieties

Schlüsselwörter

  • Amazons
  • Ben Jonson
  • Jacobean court
  • masques
  • Queen Anne
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Joseph Hall’s Mundus Alter et Idem and Cross-Dressing in Early Modern England

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 68 - 85

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper argues that early modern English utopias in general, and Joseph Hall’s Mundus alter et idem (1605/1606) in particular, engage in the contemporary debate on cross-dressing. After a look at the problem of early modern cross-dressing, the paper introduces Hall’s work, together with some of the opinions about it. Out of the four books of the work, only the second part (the description of Viraginia/Shee-landt) is discussed here in detail, since it abounds in instances of cross-dressing and related phenomena (for example, sexual licence and hermaphroditism). In my reading, Hall’s work readily joins the ongoing debate, but because of its masterful rhetorical strategies and its satirical perspective, the text poses a great challenge if one tries to accurately identify its position in that debate. Yet the text and some of Hall’s other works testify to a serious interest in cross-dressing and other gender-related issues.

Keywords

  • Australia
  • cross-dressing
  • early modern
  • England
  • hermaphroditism
  • utopia
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Women Under Siege. The Shakespearean Ethics of Violence

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 86 - 99

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper discusses notions of physical violence, domestic violence, and sexual assault and the ways in which these were socially and legally perceived in early modern Europe. Special attention will be paid to a number of Shakespearean plays, such as Titus Andronicus and Edward III, but also to the narrative poem The Rape of Lucrece (whose motifs were later adopted in Cymbeline), where the consumption of the female body as a work of art is combined with verbal and physical abuse.

Keywords

  • consumption
  • rape
  • sexual assault
  • siege
  • violence
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

She’s the Man: Gender Dynamics in William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 100 - 113

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

More than any other Shakespearean play, Twelfth Night demonstrates hogender can be performed and impersonated with the use of voice, costume and mannerisms. The play explores the relationship between gender and desire, allowing us to understand the complex ways in which Shakespeare responded imaginatively to sex, gender and sexuality as determinants of human identity. The article also discusses various movie versions of the play.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Elizabethan performance
  • gender
  • identity
  • movie versions
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Ladies and Gentlemen in Renaissance Western Europe Eros via Thanatos

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 114 - 125

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present article offers a postmodern (re)interpretation of the 16th century Renaissance set of social etiquettes versus the average citizen’s Weltanschauung triggered by his most natural drives and impulses. The epicentral focus of our investigation is the social network(s) built by the different, sometimes oppositional ethical, theological and epistemological codes. What types of motivation triggered certain members of different social layers to observe or to break these codes? Was there any differentiation between clergymen and (fe)male aristocracy? Most importantly, why was the epistemological positionality of men different from that of (educated) women?

Keywords

  • collective consciousness
  • the French Revolution
  • “the politics of location”
  • proto-liberation
  • Weltanschauung
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Pre-Raphaelites Painting Shakespeare’s Women

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 126 - 134

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Iconic signs such as paintings, engravings or book illustrations come into existence as a result of visual attempts at redefining the literary text to which they refer. Although they belong to a different medium, they are always conditioned and influenced by the original literary work. English painting displays a series of famous images which explicitly have their roots in literary texts. While the works of Shakespeare, Keats and Tennyson seem to determine a special connection with painting, Shakespeare’s plays are the source of one of the most inspiring subjects of the Pre-Raphaelite painters: women.

Keywords

  • literary text
  • Pre-Raphaelites
  • Shakespeare
  • visual image
  • women
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Fashioning the Queen - Elizabeth I as Patron of Translations

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 135 - 145

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present paper aims to explore the role of Queen Elizabeth I as literary patron and dedicatee of translations by focusing on the dedication that precedes Geoffrey Fenton’s rendering of Francesco Guicciardini’s Storia d’Italia. Fenton’s extensive dedication to the Queen is extremely revealing of the manner in which the system of patronage was understood in Elizabethan England. Moreover, it facilitates our understanding of the translator’s role and position at the Elizabethan court, of the political and cultural implications of choosing the Queen as the patron of a translation.

Schlüsselwörter

  • literary patronage
  • translation
  • Queen Elizabeth I
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Renaissance Midwife

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 146 - 159

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The paper deals with the delineation of the subversiveness-ridden career of the midwife in history and with the specific circumstances under which this privileged hypostasis of womanhood undergoes major changes during the 17th century. The main focus of the presentation is the female engagement with the public space during the Renaissance and the major impact of the emergent male empirical science - the scientific paradigm of New Science - upon it. The Magnetic Lady by Ben Jonson, an unduly neglected play, will provide a meaningful cultural illustration of this shift

Schlüsselwörter

  • female lore
  • midwife
  • misogyny
  • Renaissance
  • subversiveness
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Representations of Femininity in Seventeenth Century Conduct Manuals for Gentlemen

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 160 - 171

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper investigates conceptual representations of women in 17th century conduct manuals for gentlemen published in England before and after the Civil War. The aim is to see whether the socio-cultural transformations produced by the Revolution are reflected in the metaphorical expressions referring to the female sex in a highly conservative textual genre

Schlüsselwörter

  • conduct literature
  • femininity
  • gender roles
  • metaphor analysis
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Modern Woman and Women’s Emancipation in 19th Century English and Romanian Comedies

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 172 - 182

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The construction of feminine characters in nineteenth century English and Romanian comedies reflects the changes that the two societies were experiencing, especially the fact that women were no longer confined to domestic life. The plays feature women assimilating the latest fashions and lifestyles, their aspirations to change their status and their steps towards emancipation

Keywords

  • feminine characters
  • nineteenth century English comedies
  • nineteenth century Romanian comedies
  • women’s emancipation
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Different Horrors, Same Hell: The Gendered Nature of Holocaust Suffering

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 183 - 192

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

While most Holocaust memoirs and stories considered canonical present mostly the male viewpoint on loss and traumatic experiences, a shade is cast over women’s representations of the horrors of the Shoah. Although the suffering and horror experienced by both men and women cannot be quantified, women were subject to different traumatic experiences, as they were objects of hatred not only for belonging to an “impure race”, but also for being mothers and “sexual beings.”

Keywords

  • gender differences
  • gender stereotypes
  • Holocaust
  • trauma
  • memoirs
  • photography
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Lilies on the Land – The Forgotten Women’s Land Army of World War II – A Documentary Play

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 193 - 204

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper centres on a play directed by Sonia Ritter and produced by the Lions part that portrays an extraordinary event in Britain’s recent history - the Women’s Land Army of World War II. It is based on real evidence given in hundreds of letters and interviews with former Land Girls. The anecdotes of their shared experience and strenuous work are presented by a female quartet - Margie, Peggy, Poppy and Vera - in a sparkling, captivating and emotional way.

Schlüsselwörter

  • agricultural labour
  • historical testimony
  • Lions part
  • Women’s Land Army
  • World War II
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Why Feminist Critical Literacy Matters: The Reorganisation of Capitalist Economies and the Significance of Socially Engaged Literature for Young Adults

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 205 - 217

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The latest capitalist restructuring has resulted in new conditions of employment, seriously affecting possibilities for people’s self-realization. Women have been hurt the most and face an increasing feminisation of poverty. This paper foregrounds the importance of literary socialisation in preparing young people to accept or reject neoliberal gendered scripts.

Keywords

  • children’s literature
  • critical literacy
  • gender
  • neoliberal capitalism
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Is it a He or a She? Gender Differences in Italian Translations of Oscar Wilde’s Stories for Children

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 218 - 232

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper examines how the gender of personification is affected in Italian translations of Oscar Wilde’s children’s stories. It shows how the conflict between natural and grammatical gender may be problematic for the translator and reveals how Italian children, who believe they are reading a text identical to the original, are in fact reading a somewhat different story.

Keywords

  • gender personification
  • natural/ grammatical
  • translation
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Role of Gender in Verbal Disagreement: A Study of Disagreement Strategies Employed by Hungarian Undergraduate Students

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 233 - 244

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to present the results of a study on the interplay of gender and disagreement strategies employed by Hungarian undergraduate students. The data for analysis is a corpus of oral face-to-face dyadic interactions; the methodology makes use of both qualitative and quantitative tools and involves identifying disagreement strategies on the basis of previous research as well as patterns emerging from the corpus. The results of the study contradict previous claims that in comparison to men, women disagree less frequently and, when they do disagree, they employ less direct strategies

Keywords

  • disagreement strategies
  • gender differences
  • Hungarian
  • im/politeness
  • sociopragmatics
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Metaphors of Hegemonic Masculinity – Women’s Understanding of Sport Metaphors in Political Discourse

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 245 - 257

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Within the framework of Conceptual Metaphor Theory (Lakoff and Johnson 1980) and Critical Discourse Analysis (van Dijk 1993, Wodak 2006) we analyse in this paper the results of a survey conducted among 100 women and 20 men in order to establish the level of their understanding of sport metaphors in political discourse. The results indicate that sport metaphors may pose a serious barrier to women’s understanding of political life and may discourage women’s political participation.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Conceptual Metaphor Theory
  • Critical Metaphor Analysis
  • politics
  • sport metaphors
  • women
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Innocent American Girl in Henry James’s International Novel

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 258 - 269

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In his international novels, Henry James used the idea of innocence and loss of innocence in connection to his American characters, especially American girls, as opposed to the personality of the Europeans. He explored the differences between the two civilizations and the effect that these have on the identity of the innocent coming from the New World. Being presented by the author as childlike, unaware human beings, Henry James’s heroines come to Europe to learn something of ‘life’, but they can’t preserve their innocence as they are forced to recognize that the world is ambiguous, divided. Their drama is a result of their resistance to acknowledging the foreignness of the Other.

Keywords

  • American girl
  • innocence
  • New World
  • Other
  • Self
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Metaphorical Mirrors and Subverting Selves in Adrienne Kennedy’s One-Act Plays

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 270 - 285

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Beginning her career in the 1960s, Adrienne Kennedy was one of the most influential writers of the period. Her plays subverted both Western and African American theatre. Although like her contemporaries she reacted to the political events of the period, in contrast with them she presented racial issues in a non-realistic mode. Her plays exemplify the re-theatricalisation of the African American stage.

Keywords

  • African American drama
  • Feminist theatrical aesthetics
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Visions of the Female Subject in the Borderlands

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 286 - 303

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Drawing on distinctions among concepts regarding the female experience, as well as on postcolonial theory, the proposed paper aims at identifying a series of specific features of the Chicano/a vision of the female subject. It also focuses on apparently irreconcilable differences between Chicano and Chicana literary strategies in dealing with feminine imagery, as well as on a taxonomy of female instances that could be configured in both literary and social spaces.

Keywords

  • female subject
  • Chicano/a literature
  • feminism
  • méstizaje
  • indigenous imagery
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Alice Walker’s Womanism: Perspectives Past and Present

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 304 - 315

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The article charts the development of womanism as a movement which has presented an alternative to feminism. It advocates inclusiveness instead of exclusiveness, whether it is related to race, class or gender. Womanism provided political framework for colored women and gave them tools in their struggle with patriarchy which imposed restrictive norms and negative stereotypes on them. It also tackled the restrictiveness of feminism which was especially evident in the field of literary scholarship. Womanism is also related to new movements within feminism such as womanist theology and eco-feminism

Keywords

  • colored women
  • feminism
  • patriarchy
  • womanism
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Containing Otherness Through Rational Detection: Feminine Characters in Arthur Conan Doyle

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 316 - 322

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present paper is intended to focus on the feminine characters in The Hound of the Baskervilles and The Sussex Vampire. Starting from the analysis of imagery in these two texts I shall exemplify traits of the complex process of encoding otherness

Schlüsselwörter

  • irrational
  • other
  • patriarchy
  • rational
  • vampire
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Lady Audley’s Sphinxian Mystery?

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 323 - 336

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present study is based on the analysis of the themes of madness and monstrosity, depicted through the female character, in Mary Elizabeth Braddon’s well-known Lady Audley’s Secret. It discusses the elusive nature of madness and monstrosity that may be perceived as attributes of reader, writer and characters alike; it also considers the possibility of ‘madness’ as subversive survival strategy and/or escape from narrow patriarchal, political, social and cultural confines

Keywords

  • gender
  • Gothic
  • madness
  • patriarchy
  • strategy
  • womanhood
25 Artikel
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

“Contending with the Fretful Element”: Shakespeare and the (Gendered) Great Chain of Being

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 1 - 22

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

E. M. W. Tillyard’s short but seminal book, The Elizabethan World Picture made its appearance as a ground-breaking work in the mid-1940s. It successfully adapted Arthur O. Lovejoy’s discovery of the Great Chain of Being as the central idea and metaphor of the premodern world picture for English Renaissance culture and literature, offering a key to understanding the often unfamiliar and obscure natural philosophy and metaphysics behind its works of art and literature. The concept of the Great Chain also led to Shakespeare being seen as a supporter of a conservative order in which religious, moral, philosophical, and scientific notions corresponded with each other in a strict hierarchy. The poststructuralist turn unleashed a severe attack on Tillyard and his legacy. As Ewan Fernie in a recent book on the Renaissance has diagnosed: “Now, after the theoretical overhaul, the notion of an ultimately authoritarian Renaissance has been thoroughly revised. In place of Tillyard’s full-fledged and secured physical, social and cosmological system, more recent critics tend to posit a conflicted and constantly negotiated culture with no essential pattern”. But what has happened to the idea of the Great Chain of Being, which, without doubt, played a major role in the Renaissance world picture and provided a basic knowledge about the elements? In my paper I am going to revisit some aspects of this world picture and examine how Shakespeare related to this (more often than not) in a subversive way, while still remaining within the boundaries of this organic and proto-modern system. Since the concept of the elements had gender aspects, too, I will also focus on the question of how proto-modern natural philosophy theorised about the dichotomy, antagonism, and the cooperation of male and female principles.

Schlüsselwörter

  • gender
  • Great Chain of Being
  • premodern natural philosophy
  • romances
  • Shakespeare
  • theology
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Maritime Fantasies and Gender Space in Three Shakespearean Comedies

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 23 - 37

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Laden with sea images, Shakespeare‘s plays dramatise the maritime fantasies of his time. This paper discusses the representation of maritime elements in Twelfth Night, The Tempest and The Merchant of Venice by relating them to gender and space issues. It focuses on Shakespeare‘s creation of maritime space as space of liberty for his female characters.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Shakespeare
  • maritime space
  • gender
  • Twelfth Night
  • The Tempest
  • The Merchant of Venice
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Patterns and Representations of Shakespearean Love: Hubris, Infatuation, Agape in Hamlet

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 38 - 50

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The more conceptually elusive love has proven to be, the more it has whetted humanity’s appetite to try to narrow it down. Could one say that Shakespeare is one of the few personalities that managed not only to exemplify almost all recurrent patterns of love, but also to recreate them, in his case, within his plays? Is love weak, or is it so strong that it gives life to a character, only to overwhelm and destroy him/her later? Are there any archetypal emotional stages, or is it a fiery combustion? These are all questions which this paper will attempt to discuss with regard to Hamlet.

Keywords

  • Agape
  • gender stereotypes
  • Hubris
  • love dynamics
  • women between virtue and evil
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

“In the Head of the Worthiest Women”: Amazon Queens and Performing Heroines in Jacobean Court Masques

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 51 - 67

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Queen Anne of Denmark’s role - as actress and patroness - in emancipating womanliness onstage by direct performance is strictly connected to the emerging trend of fashioning masques in the early Jacobean court. My paper will focus on the connection/contamination of this dramatic phenomenon with the current imagery of acting warlike heroines, conflicting Anne’s policy for entertainments with masculine and royal anxieties

Schlüsselwörter

  • Amazons
  • Ben Jonson
  • Jacobean court
  • masques
  • Queen Anne
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Joseph Hall’s Mundus Alter et Idem and Cross-Dressing in Early Modern England

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 68 - 85

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper argues that early modern English utopias in general, and Joseph Hall’s Mundus alter et idem (1605/1606) in particular, engage in the contemporary debate on cross-dressing. After a look at the problem of early modern cross-dressing, the paper introduces Hall’s work, together with some of the opinions about it. Out of the four books of the work, only the second part (the description of Viraginia/Shee-landt) is discussed here in detail, since it abounds in instances of cross-dressing and related phenomena (for example, sexual licence and hermaphroditism). In my reading, Hall’s work readily joins the ongoing debate, but because of its masterful rhetorical strategies and its satirical perspective, the text poses a great challenge if one tries to accurately identify its position in that debate. Yet the text and some of Hall’s other works testify to a serious interest in cross-dressing and other gender-related issues.

Keywords

  • Australia
  • cross-dressing
  • early modern
  • England
  • hermaphroditism
  • utopia
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Women Under Siege. The Shakespearean Ethics of Violence

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 86 - 99

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper discusses notions of physical violence, domestic violence, and sexual assault and the ways in which these were socially and legally perceived in early modern Europe. Special attention will be paid to a number of Shakespearean plays, such as Titus Andronicus and Edward III, but also to the narrative poem The Rape of Lucrece (whose motifs were later adopted in Cymbeline), where the consumption of the female body as a work of art is combined with verbal and physical abuse.

Keywords

  • consumption
  • rape
  • sexual assault
  • siege
  • violence
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

She’s the Man: Gender Dynamics in William Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 100 - 113

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

More than any other Shakespearean play, Twelfth Night demonstrates hogender can be performed and impersonated with the use of voice, costume and mannerisms. The play explores the relationship between gender and desire, allowing us to understand the complex ways in which Shakespeare responded imaginatively to sex, gender and sexuality as determinants of human identity. The article also discusses various movie versions of the play.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Elizabethan performance
  • gender
  • identity
  • movie versions
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Ladies and Gentlemen in Renaissance Western Europe Eros via Thanatos

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 114 - 125

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present article offers a postmodern (re)interpretation of the 16th century Renaissance set of social etiquettes versus the average citizen’s Weltanschauung triggered by his most natural drives and impulses. The epicentral focus of our investigation is the social network(s) built by the different, sometimes oppositional ethical, theological and epistemological codes. What types of motivation triggered certain members of different social layers to observe or to break these codes? Was there any differentiation between clergymen and (fe)male aristocracy? Most importantly, why was the epistemological positionality of men different from that of (educated) women?

Keywords

  • collective consciousness
  • the French Revolution
  • “the politics of location”
  • proto-liberation
  • Weltanschauung
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Pre-Raphaelites Painting Shakespeare’s Women

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 126 - 134

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Iconic signs such as paintings, engravings or book illustrations come into existence as a result of visual attempts at redefining the literary text to which they refer. Although they belong to a different medium, they are always conditioned and influenced by the original literary work. English painting displays a series of famous images which explicitly have their roots in literary texts. While the works of Shakespeare, Keats and Tennyson seem to determine a special connection with painting, Shakespeare’s plays are the source of one of the most inspiring subjects of the Pre-Raphaelite painters: women.

Keywords

  • literary text
  • Pre-Raphaelites
  • Shakespeare
  • visual image
  • women
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Fashioning the Queen - Elizabeth I as Patron of Translations

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 135 - 145

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present paper aims to explore the role of Queen Elizabeth I as literary patron and dedicatee of translations by focusing on the dedication that precedes Geoffrey Fenton’s rendering of Francesco Guicciardini’s Storia d’Italia. Fenton’s extensive dedication to the Queen is extremely revealing of the manner in which the system of patronage was understood in Elizabethan England. Moreover, it facilitates our understanding of the translator’s role and position at the Elizabethan court, of the political and cultural implications of choosing the Queen as the patron of a translation.

Schlüsselwörter

  • literary patronage
  • translation
  • Queen Elizabeth I
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Renaissance Midwife

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 146 - 159

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The paper deals with the delineation of the subversiveness-ridden career of the midwife in history and with the specific circumstances under which this privileged hypostasis of womanhood undergoes major changes during the 17th century. The main focus of the presentation is the female engagement with the public space during the Renaissance and the major impact of the emergent male empirical science - the scientific paradigm of New Science - upon it. The Magnetic Lady by Ben Jonson, an unduly neglected play, will provide a meaningful cultural illustration of this shift

Schlüsselwörter

  • female lore
  • midwife
  • misogyny
  • Renaissance
  • subversiveness
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Representations of Femininity in Seventeenth Century Conduct Manuals for Gentlemen

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 160 - 171

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper investigates conceptual representations of women in 17th century conduct manuals for gentlemen published in England before and after the Civil War. The aim is to see whether the socio-cultural transformations produced by the Revolution are reflected in the metaphorical expressions referring to the female sex in a highly conservative textual genre

Schlüsselwörter

  • conduct literature
  • femininity
  • gender roles
  • metaphor analysis
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Modern Woman and Women’s Emancipation in 19th Century English and Romanian Comedies

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 172 - 182

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The construction of feminine characters in nineteenth century English and Romanian comedies reflects the changes that the two societies were experiencing, especially the fact that women were no longer confined to domestic life. The plays feature women assimilating the latest fashions and lifestyles, their aspirations to change their status and their steps towards emancipation

Keywords

  • feminine characters
  • nineteenth century English comedies
  • nineteenth century Romanian comedies
  • women’s emancipation
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Different Horrors, Same Hell: The Gendered Nature of Holocaust Suffering

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 183 - 192

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

While most Holocaust memoirs and stories considered canonical present mostly the male viewpoint on loss and traumatic experiences, a shade is cast over women’s representations of the horrors of the Shoah. Although the suffering and horror experienced by both men and women cannot be quantified, women were subject to different traumatic experiences, as they were objects of hatred not only for belonging to an “impure race”, but also for being mothers and “sexual beings.”

Keywords

  • gender differences
  • gender stereotypes
  • Holocaust
  • trauma
  • memoirs
  • photography
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Lilies on the Land – The Forgotten Women’s Land Army of World War II – A Documentary Play

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 193 - 204

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper centres on a play directed by Sonia Ritter and produced by the Lions part that portrays an extraordinary event in Britain’s recent history - the Women’s Land Army of World War II. It is based on real evidence given in hundreds of letters and interviews with former Land Girls. The anecdotes of their shared experience and strenuous work are presented by a female quartet - Margie, Peggy, Poppy and Vera - in a sparkling, captivating and emotional way.

Schlüsselwörter

  • agricultural labour
  • historical testimony
  • Lions part
  • Women’s Land Army
  • World War II
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Why Feminist Critical Literacy Matters: The Reorganisation of Capitalist Economies and the Significance of Socially Engaged Literature for Young Adults

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 205 - 217

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The latest capitalist restructuring has resulted in new conditions of employment, seriously affecting possibilities for people’s self-realization. Women have been hurt the most and face an increasing feminisation of poverty. This paper foregrounds the importance of literary socialisation in preparing young people to accept or reject neoliberal gendered scripts.

Keywords

  • children’s literature
  • critical literacy
  • gender
  • neoliberal capitalism
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Is it a He or a She? Gender Differences in Italian Translations of Oscar Wilde’s Stories for Children

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 218 - 232

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

This paper examines how the gender of personification is affected in Italian translations of Oscar Wilde’s children’s stories. It shows how the conflict between natural and grammatical gender may be problematic for the translator and reveals how Italian children, who believe they are reading a text identical to the original, are in fact reading a somewhat different story.

Keywords

  • gender personification
  • natural/ grammatical
  • translation
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Role of Gender in Verbal Disagreement: A Study of Disagreement Strategies Employed by Hungarian Undergraduate Students

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 233 - 244

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The aim of the paper is to present the results of a study on the interplay of gender and disagreement strategies employed by Hungarian undergraduate students. The data for analysis is a corpus of oral face-to-face dyadic interactions; the methodology makes use of both qualitative and quantitative tools and involves identifying disagreement strategies on the basis of previous research as well as patterns emerging from the corpus. The results of the study contradict previous claims that in comparison to men, women disagree less frequently and, when they do disagree, they employ less direct strategies

Keywords

  • disagreement strategies
  • gender differences
  • Hungarian
  • im/politeness
  • sociopragmatics
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Metaphors of Hegemonic Masculinity – Women’s Understanding of Sport Metaphors in Political Discourse

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 245 - 257

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Within the framework of Conceptual Metaphor Theory (Lakoff and Johnson 1980) and Critical Discourse Analysis (van Dijk 1993, Wodak 2006) we analyse in this paper the results of a survey conducted among 100 women and 20 men in order to establish the level of their understanding of sport metaphors in political discourse. The results indicate that sport metaphors may pose a serious barrier to women’s understanding of political life and may discourage women’s political participation.

Schlüsselwörter

  • Conceptual Metaphor Theory
  • Critical Metaphor Analysis
  • politics
  • sport metaphors
  • women
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

The Innocent American Girl in Henry James’s International Novel

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 258 - 269

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

In his international novels, Henry James used the idea of innocence and loss of innocence in connection to his American characters, especially American girls, as opposed to the personality of the Europeans. He explored the differences between the two civilizations and the effect that these have on the identity of the innocent coming from the New World. Being presented by the author as childlike, unaware human beings, Henry James’s heroines come to Europe to learn something of ‘life’, but they can’t preserve their innocence as they are forced to recognize that the world is ambiguous, divided. Their drama is a result of their resistance to acknowledging the foreignness of the Other.

Keywords

  • American girl
  • innocence
  • New World
  • Other
  • Self
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Metaphorical Mirrors and Subverting Selves in Adrienne Kennedy’s One-Act Plays

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 270 - 285

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Beginning her career in the 1960s, Adrienne Kennedy was one of the most influential writers of the period. Her plays subverted both Western and African American theatre. Although like her contemporaries she reacted to the political events of the period, in contrast with them she presented racial issues in a non-realistic mode. Her plays exemplify the re-theatricalisation of the African American stage.

Keywords

  • African American drama
  • Feminist theatrical aesthetics
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Visions of the Female Subject in the Borderlands

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 286 - 303

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

Drawing on distinctions among concepts regarding the female experience, as well as on postcolonial theory, the proposed paper aims at identifying a series of specific features of the Chicano/a vision of the female subject. It also focuses on apparently irreconcilable differences between Chicano and Chicana literary strategies in dealing with feminine imagery, as well as on a taxonomy of female instances that could be configured in both literary and social spaces.

Keywords

  • female subject
  • Chicano/a literature
  • feminism
  • méstizaje
  • indigenous imagery
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Alice Walker’s Womanism: Perspectives Past and Present

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 304 - 315

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The article charts the development of womanism as a movement which has presented an alternative to feminism. It advocates inclusiveness instead of exclusiveness, whether it is related to race, class or gender. Womanism provided political framework for colored women and gave them tools in their struggle with patriarchy which imposed restrictive norms and negative stereotypes on them. It also tackled the restrictiveness of feminism which was especially evident in the field of literary scholarship. Womanism is also related to new movements within feminism such as womanist theology and eco-feminism

Keywords

  • colored women
  • feminism
  • patriarchy
  • womanism
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Containing Otherness Through Rational Detection: Feminine Characters in Arthur Conan Doyle

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 316 - 322

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present paper is intended to focus on the feminine characters in The Hound of the Baskervilles and The Sussex Vampire. Starting from the analysis of imagery in these two texts I shall exemplify traits of the complex process of encoding otherness

Schlüsselwörter

  • irrational
  • other
  • patriarchy
  • rational
  • vampire
access type Uneingeschränkter Zugang

Lady Audley’s Sphinxian Mystery?

Online veröffentlicht: 08 Feb 2013
Seitenbereich: 323 - 336

Zusammenfassung

Abstract

The present study is based on the analysis of the themes of madness and monstrosity, depicted through the female character, in Mary Elizabeth Braddon’s well-known Lady Audley’s Secret. It discusses the elusive nature of madness and monstrosity that may be perceived as attributes of reader, writer and characters alike; it also considers the possibility of ‘madness’ as subversive survival strategy and/or escape from narrow patriarchal, political, social and cultural confines

Keywords

  • gender
  • Gothic
  • madness
  • patriarchy
  • strategy
  • womanhood

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