rss_2.0Theology and Religion FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Theology and Religion and Religion Feed on Relations: A Topic Which Aquinas Himself Perceives as Foundational to Theology<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Fundamental to theology is the ordering of all things to God, yet this ordering is directly tied to the topic of relation. Thus, while the category of relation is inherited by Aquinas from ancient philosophy, it mostly shows up in Aquinas’ theological treatments. This paper will look specifically at the distinction between God and creatures as understood through Aquinas’ use of mixed relations. It will provide an expository treatment of Aquinas’ use of mixed relation in attempt to bridge his philosophy and theology while seeking to encourage and aide others to more actively incorporate the category of relation in theological work, as Aquinas himself did.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-08T00:00:00.000+00:00Thomas Aquinas on Human Beings as Image of God<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Employing a work of modern conceptual art, a manipulated photograph entitled ‘The Missing Person’, the author studies Thomas Aquinas on the concept of human beings as image of (the Triune) God. Typical for Aquinas’ approach is the theocentric focus of his Christian anthropology. The threefold (nature, grace, glory) ‘image of God’, a central and dynamic concept in Aquinas’ <italic>Summa Theologiae</italic>, is both descriptive and prescriptive in nature, corresponding to an account of both analogical naming of the divine ánd living according to the vocation to become more and more image of the Triune God.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-08T00:00:00.000+00:00Book reviews and the in Aquinas<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Contemporary discussions of Aquinas’ understanding of the passions often mention the <italic>passio corporalis</italic> and the <italic>passio animalis</italic>, but no recent scholarship has paid close attention to what these terms mean, largely because many scholars wrongly assume that ‘<italic>passio animalis</italic>’ simply means the same thing as ‘<italic>passio animae</italic>’. However, this paper argues that ‘<italic>passio corporalis</italic>’ and ‘<italic>passio animalis</italic>’ are specialized terms that Aquinas uses in order to explain the ways in which Christ experienced suffering on earth. Furthermore, understanding these terms properly bears important implications for understanding the development of Aquinas’ thought on the passion of pain.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-06-08T00:00:00.000+00:00“ “: Ecopoetic Symbolisation in Pgaz K’nyau Oral Poetry<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article* presents the transcription, translation, and annotation of an original performance of <italic>hta</italic>, a traditional form of oral poetry in Sgaw, the language of the Pgaz K’Nyau (Karen) people of northern Thailand. This performance was recorded during ethnopoetic fieldwork carried out in two villages in the province of Chiang Rai.<sup>2</sup> The <italic>hta</italic> is then analysed to understand the operations of ecopoetic symbolisation that bring particular nonhumans into the domain of human language. This analysis reveals that a metaphorical mode of symbolisation is extensively used throughout the <italic>hta</italic> to overcome human/nonhuman allotopies by means of implicit or explicit semic transformations. This seems to indicate that a naturalistic mode of identification underlies the whole poem, a conclusion that calls into question the essentialising and mythifying portrayal of the Pgaz K’Nyau as pre-modern and animistic indigenous stewards.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00The Ecological Insight of the Rice Farming Tradition in Luwu Society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The ecological insights of local farming traditions have the potential to be adapted to modern agricultural practices. The article presents an exploration of the ecological insights of the <italic>bunga’ lalang</italic> rice farming tradition in the Luwu society, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Four rituals of the tradition were observed directly during their performance, followed by interviews with eleven figures including the ritual masters. Each ritual of the <italic>bunga’ lalang</italic> tradition was treated as a discourse and the meanings of the biological elements are extracted to generate ecological knowledge that is biologically logical and compatible with modern scientific knowledge in rice farming.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Marginalisation, Revolt and Adaptation: on Changing the Mayamara Tradition<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Assam is a land of complex history and folklore situated in North East India where religious beliefs, both institutional and vernacular, are part and parcel of lived folk cultures. Amid the domination and growth of Goddess worshiping cults (<italic>sakta</italic>) in Assam, the <italic>sattra</italic> unit of religious and socio-cultural institutions came into being as a result of the neo-Vaishnava movement led by Sankaradeva (1449–1568) and his chief disciple Madhavadeva (1489–1596). Kalasamhati is one among the four basic religious sects of the <italic>sattra</italic>s, spread mainly among the subdued communities in Assam. Mayamara could be considered a subsect under Kalasamhati. Aniruddhadeva (1553–1626) preached the Mayamara doctrine among his devotees on the north bank of the Brahmaputra river. Later his inclusive religious behaviour and magical skill influenced many locals to convert to the Mayamara faith. Ritualistic features are a very significant part of Mayamara devotee’s lives. Among the locals there are some narrative variations and disputes about stories and terminologies of the tradition. Adaptations of religious elements in their faith from Indigenous sources have led to the question of their recognition in the mainstream neo-Vaishnava order. In the context of Mayamara tradition, the connection between folklore and history is very much intertwined. Therefore, this paper focuses on marginalisation, revolt in the community and narrative interpretation on the basis of folkloristic and historical groundings. The discussion will reflect upon the beliefs, ritualistic aspects, and myths of the tradition. Fieldwork materials will be employed to discuss the tension between local practices and mainstream neo-Vaishnava influence.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Death by Poisoning: Cautionary Narratives and Inter-Ethnic Accusations in Contemporary Sikkim<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The Sikkimese are a multi-ethnic community in a Himalayan sub-region in India. Even though the majority of the population is Hindu and Nepalese, the minority Buddhist and Bhutia/Lepcha communities are very strong. Death by poisoning is a common occurrence among the Sikkimese, and it is often ambiguous and subject to suspicion. Narrated initially as traditional cautionary tales, these belief narratives have been used against the multi-ethnic communities that reside in Sikkim, leading to real-world accusations. The article explores how belief in, and narratives related to, poison, poisoning, poison keepers and the poison deity are used to justify the demonisation and othering of a community.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Of Barrenness and Witchcraft: The Songs of the Legi Women’s Association<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Witchcraft and barrenness are two critical issues that African women have had to grapple with since precolonial times. Therefore, the focus of attention in this paper is the songs of the Legi voluntary association among the Ịjọ of Nigeria’s oil-rich Niger Delta region. The Legi women’s group is made up of adult women who are barren and/or have been tagged witches by their community. The women of the association compose songs about their experiences in society and sing them at burials. For the women of the Legi Association, art is a means of showing support for or solidarity with a member of the group whose father or mother has died. Moreover, the members of the association perform their songs at burials that are unconnected with them to celebrate with those who invite them.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Dajko, Nathalie and Shana Walton, eds. 2019. . Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi. and Reviews: Disarmed by Drama Methodology Prince’s Wings: Possible Origin of the Tale Type and its Early Chinese Variants<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article* aims to clarify the relations between the early versions of tale type ATU 575. Examining the range of Chinese accounts concerning various wooden birds, the author concludes that two groups can be distinguished. The first consists of stories about flying wooden kite-like birds that are not used as vehicles, while in the second, we deal with wooden birds that can carry people. Records belonging to the second group and evidently having their origin in Indian and Central Asian folk tradition appear later in China. An attempt is made to restore possible outlines of the tale type’s ancestral stories. The article states that the tale of an enamoured weaver in the <italic>Panchatantra</italic> evolves from the structure of such an ancestral story.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Editorial Impressions: Ethnography and Metaphors Review. Till Death do us Part: American Ethnic Cemeteries as Borders Uncrossed Sealed Grave and Burial Rituals in the Context of Revenants in Ukrainian Belief<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article* sets the goal of describing the Ukrainian ritual of the sealed grave and its relation to revenants, or the unquiet dead, based both on the author’s fieldwork and ethnographic collections of the turn of the 20th century. The meaning of the ritual and its variants are delineated through folk beliefs and institutionalised Orthodoxy and are defined as one of the main reasons for becoming revenants. Depending on a proper or failed funeral, the dead have different possibilities and time boundaries to visit the living. Together with biological reasons, the ritual of sealing a grave allows a seven-year period of return prior to the grave being finally sealed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00The Deaf Heritage Collective: Collaboration with Critical Intent<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper reflects upon the Deaf Heritage Collective, a collaborative project led by Edinburgh Napier University’s Design for Heritage team and Heriot Watt’s Centre for Translation And Interpreting Studies. The project aimed to advance discussion around the British Sign Language Act (Scottish Government 2015) and bring into being a network of Deaf communities and cultural heritage organisations committed to promoting BSL in public life. The aim of this paper is to contextualise the project and its creative approach within the distinctly Scottish context, and the ideals of critical heritage, critical design and the museum activist movement. This paper presents the context and creative processes by which we engaged participants in debate and the struggles we encountered. We describe these processes and the primacy of collaborative <italic>making</italic> as a mode of inquiry. We argue that by curating a workshop space where different types of knowledge were valorised and where participants were encouraged to “think with” materials (Rockwell and Mactavish 2004) we were able to challenge the balance of power between heritage professionals and members of the Deaf community. By harnessing the explanatory power of collaborative <italic>making</italic> we debated the assemblages of epistemic inequality, and the imagined futures of Deaf heritage in Scotland.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-12T00:00:00.000+00:00Reviews for Social Holiness in Institutions of Higher Education in Africa: Toward an Innovative Afrocentric Curriculum for Methodist Theological Education<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In 2016, South Africa saw student and staff protests calling for the decolonisation of the teaching curriculum in institutions of Higher Education. Although these protests were centred in public universities, the issue of decolonisation also affects private institutions such as seminaries that need to transform curricula from being permeated with Western idealism to being authentically African. This article explores this issue for Methodist theological education. It argues that decolonisation affects not only the content of the teaching curriculum but also matters such as staffing and curriculum development. Its focus is to develop ways of implementing an Afrocentric curriculum in African Methodist seminaries.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-04-14T00:00:00.000+00:00The Impact of Garrick Braide's Revival on the Growth of Methodism in Eastern Nigeria between 1910 and 1932<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The missionaries of the Primitive Methodist Mission pioneered into Igboland in 1910 and encountered opposition and difficulties. Efforts to become established were hindered by several factors. However, starting from 1914, a religious awakening led by Garrick Braide, an African convert of Niger Delta Pastorate Church (i.e. Anglican Church in the Niger Delta), spread throughout Igboland causing widespread religious revival. Using original source material, this article examines how the Primitive Methodist Mission benefitted greatly from this religious awakening, and subsequently witnessed phenomenal growth and consolidation in Igboland.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-04-14T00:00:00.000+00:00Living Together in Unity and Interdependence: Reviving the African Spirit of Altruism and Benevolence<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>How can we live together in peace? This article reflects on the need to develop an ethic of social responsibility that values and enhances solidarity. It is a response to the proliferation of violence in many African communities and seeks to argue against egoism (individualism) which it considers the root cause of much political and socio-economic insecurity across the continent. It maintains that a way of addressing this situation is the development of an altruistic mindset. The article thus attempts to combine traditional African cultural and religious narratives with comparable principles within the Christian tradition in order to explore the importance of altruistic action in the contemporary African context.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-04-14T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1