rss_2.0Yearbook of Pedagogy FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Yearbook of Pedagogy of Pedagogy 's Cover Tale Protagonists in the Early Childhood Education Field in the Perspective of Children<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The paper explores the nature of fairy tales’ protagonists in a traditional literary fairy tale and in the modern one from the perspective of pupils who are from seven to ten years old. The fairy tales are often being used in the early childhood education field as the starting point for school plays, as play themes or as a ‘background’for language, science or mathematics activity. Children’s symbolic perception of the fairy tales’ characters and their relationships reveals that there is a way of pupils’ reception of texts in which those texts are treated (and analysed) as a work of literary art. The article presents the results of research, in which – through the application of a non-verbal method – children indicated the interactions between Cinderella from the traditional literary fairy tale and a daisy from Hans Christian Andersen’s story (The Daisy).</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00About Statistical Thinking in Pedagogics. On the Margin of the Reading of Wiesław Szymczak’s book<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The article is devoted to the issue of statistical thinking in pedagogy and research conducted in this discipline. Inspired by the readings of the book by Wiesław Szymczak, <italic>The Practice of Statistical Inference</italic>, it contains comments on popular associations and misunderstandings about what statistics is, what its principles and goals are, and therefore also comments on the using of statistical methods inconsistently with the underlying assumptions of statistical theory.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00From Idea to Presentation to Publication. Papers of the Forum of Young Pedagogues at the Pedagogical Sciences Committee of the Polish Academy of Sciences<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The aim of the article is to introduce / recall the idea of Prof. Maria Dudzikowa, who for a quarter of a century was the head of the Summer Schools of Young Pedagogues at KNP PAN, what is and what role does the work on the Forum of Young Pedagogues as an experience in writing scientific texts and editing collective works.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Why Polish Teachers Quit Jobs in Public Schools? Research Report<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The aim of the article is to present the reasons for leaving the job in public schools by Polish teachers. The author describes the current situation of teachers in Poland, paying attention to their salaries and some expectations set for them. Based on the research results (N = 108), it was found that Polish teachers most often leave teaching in public schools for: financial reasons (too low salaries), being mobbed by the headteachers, divisions in the teachers’ group and also too tough and outdated education system. These reasons are connected with internal and external motivations. Interestingly, after quitting a public school, almost 40% of the respondents wanted to stay in education field, 12% wanted to emigrate and 10% of respondents declared to move to the job which will be connected with ICT.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00ACT as Support Form for Adolescents in Building Healthy Eating Habits<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The aim of the article is to describe the process of the change of eating habits in adolescence in reference to the psychological flexibility theory which has its origins in Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). The processes of mental and physical development of teenagers are also included. The article contains descriptions of the mechanisms of formation and change of the eating habits in adolescence. This content was referred to all elements of psychological flexibility: mindfulness, values, acceptation, cognitive defusion, self as context and committed action.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Inclusion of Children with Disabilities from the Palestinian-Arab Community in the Israeli Education System<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The concept of inclusion is implemented in Israeli educational system with introduction of 1988 Special Education Law (SEL). The political, socio-cultural and economical changes improved the general status of people with disabilities in the Arab and Jewish communities. However, the Jewish education system, and the Arab education system in general differ, that applies also to the issue of special needs education. Students with disabilities representing minority groups suffer from additional barriers.</p> <p>The main aim of the article is to discuss the issue of integrating students with disabilities into general education in Arab schools in Israel. The situation of children with special educational needs (mainly with intellectual disabilities) in educational system in Israel is discussed, with focus on children from Palestinian-Arab community. The Arab teachers attitudes and behaviors toward the inclusion and disability are analyzed. Although, the research within the topic is limited, the available results indicate rather negative attitudes of Arab teachers towards disabilities. This state might be partly embedded within the socio-cultural context. The further research within the topic is necessary.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Anorexia Nervosa as a Manifestation of Self-Destructive Tendencies in the Light of Selected Psychodynamic Concepts – Towards the Promotion of Knowledge among Parents and Caregivers<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>Anorexia nervosa, which is one of the forms of eating disorders, can be considered as a manifestation of a long and very complex process of self-destruction. Although its genesis is usually associated with puberty problems, it is rarely a rapid phenomenon. It should be treated rather as a kind of epilogue of one’s personal history. Malnutrition and weight control appearing in its context are in fact a manifestation of an attempt to cope with the hardships experienced by individual. Therefore, the anorexia nervosa is not just a problem of weight or eating habits, but it’s a way of manifesting the internal problem of the individual. Its form, defined by the otherwise valid canons of beauty or success, and consolidated by behaviours learned during the use of slimming diets, is revealed, however, in connection with specific personality traits. That is why the importance of people with this disorder, to a large extent, of tendencies to self-destructive behaviour, leading more or less consciously to self-destruction and in extreme cases to death, is emphasized.</p> <p>The article deals with the problem of anorexia nervosa as a manifestation of self-destructive tendencies and the issue of factors and mechanisms conditioning the occurrence of self-destructive behaviour from the perspective of selected psychodynamic concepts, indicating the importance of the issue for the care and educational processes.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00The Education in Crisis. The Initial Description and Assessment of the Phenomenon<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The contemporary education faces the worsening structural crisis. It is the real e d u c a t i o n a l c r i s i s – it’s being exposed at a scale not experienced before. This crisis is determined with the civilization and economy. It’s being invoked with expanded scientific-technology and information civilization and co-related new neoliberal socio-economic system. Thus, the educational crisis is global, as it’s determinants are.</p> <p>The article focus on the main manifestations of the educational crisis: 1) the excessive orientation of higher education programmes on the utilitarian (professional, vocational) knowledge at the expense of the general (cultural and humanistic) knowledge, which is driven by the economic growth; 2) the collapse of the great pedagogical narratives and ideas; 3) the regress of academic identity of the most of universities; 4) the increasing dysfunction of the classical models of school, teacher and upbringing; 5) the permanent decrease of the quality of the general education and upbringing.</p> <p>The contemporary educational crisis is the major threat to the comprehensive and harmonious human development, in a sense it’s the crisis of the man himself.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Kindergarten Teachers’Attitudes Toward Distance Education During the COVID-19 Outbreak<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>This research report presents results of a study on kindergarten teacher’s attitudes toward distance education during the COVID-19 pandemic and their associations with selected characteristics related to the teacher’s profession. The tools that the teachers used for distance education were also described. 429 correctly completed surveys were collected. The most positive opinions concerned the development of one’s professional competencies, feeling positive emotions in the relationship with children and their parents. One of the worst assessed areas was those related to the possibility of supporting the social and emotional development of children. Most of the examined aspects of professional functioning, e.g. seniority, the location of the kindergarten, did not differentiate the attitudes. The differences mainly concerned teachers of special kindergartens, who in some aspects of attitudes (e.g. positive emotions towards this form of work) obtained lower results than teachers employed in other types of kindergartens.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00The Word Leading to Agreement<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The concept of the language as an instrument for children, that leads to their mutual understanding in the classes 1–3, depends on the comprehensive educators approach to the relations between linguistics and the philosophy of language, developmental psychology, sociology of culture, and the history of the Polish society. The child’s undertaking of the school education imposes on the teacher the obligation to accompany it not only in mastering the elementary knowledge of the native language’s grammar system, but also in creating situations that overcome students fear of making difficult decisions when solving interesting tasks. When using the functions of the language: fatic, communicative, informational, expressive or meta-linguistic, pupils go through the several stages from the incorrect speech to correct speech, and they master the elementary structure of the reading texts intended for the little recipients. The described process would be strengthened depending on the pupil’s social background, and conditioned culturally and environmentally. This in turn affects the perception of the poetic language function and aesthetic attitude towards art.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Far from the Eyes, Close to the Heart? The Attitude of Kindergarten Teachers to Distance Learning in Kindergartens in Israel<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The coronavirus pandemic has forced the world to deal with distance learning. This article discusses distance learning in the kindergartens in Israel from the perspective of kindergarten teachers. The research was carried out after the first wave of the virus, in March 2020, and its problems was: What is the attitude of the kindergarten teachers in Israel to distance learning? The research used a linear (differential semantic) questionnaire that measures the degree to which they agree with statements related to distance learning in the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional aspects. The questionnaire was filled out by 213 kindergarten teachers. The research attempts to conclude about the kindergarten teachers’ perception of distance learning.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Professional Learning Communities in the Contemporary Basic Education in Finland<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>In the article I will pay attention to schools as Professional Learning Communities which include: shared values and vision of education, collective responsibility, reflective professional inquiry, collaboration and group, as well as individual, learning. I also analyze trust and respect, closely related to PLC in contemporary Finnish education.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00The Importance of the Sense of Agency in the Process of Social Activity and Participation of Young People<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The social activity of young people is essential for the development of their participation in the social life. It’s conditioned, inter alia, by educational measures directed at stimulating the behaviour of the young people, strengthening their sense of consciousness and responsible influence on the environment. The article presents a deeper insight into the mutual dependence between the individual’s sense of agency (and thus the subject’s belief in his/her ability to influence the reality) and his social activity (understood as the readiness to act for the benefit of others). They are not meaningless for building the social capital of the young generation, which in the near future will be responsible for the fate of the world. One of the analytic categories used to consider the presented issues is the construct of pro-development orientation, the constructive features of which include both trust in others and the world, as well as a sense of agency.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Happiness, Chance or Hard Work and Ambition? Primary School Students about the Determinants of Professional Success<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The text presents chosen results from research over the choices, aspirations and educational and career plans of young people (including some aspect of the perception of success). The chosen modules of the survey conducted in 2020 in a medium-sized city (approx. 80,000 inhabitants) are presented. The research goals were as follows: to characterize aspirations and plans as well as educational and professional choices made by young people; to present their opinions on the category of ‘success’ (including professional success) with its determinants; to characterize factors on educational paths of young people which enable or disable them to achieve professional success (technical, vocational schools vs general secondary schools) and prestigious versus non-prestigious professions; and to characterize the process of career counselling (students evaluation of the process and their expectations toward it).</p> <p>Previous studies in this field have shown that, for example, personality traits are poor predictors of entrepreneurial behaviour, while beliefs and judgments about one’s self and the world may be a determinant of success. Therefore, it can be assumed that positive beliefs about the determinants of success, such as optimism, hope for success, will contribute to a more positive perception of the transition process from education to the labour market. Importantly, the way of perceiving the determinants of success determines the adoption of a passive versus active attitude in shaping one’s fate. Therefore, the author of the article is interested in the way, that primary school students perceive the life and professional success (the dimension which they use to identify success or withdrawn from this identification), as well as in the way they perceive the factors that determine it. Those students’ perceptions may determine their attitudes towards shape of their lives.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Inclusive Education – Horizons of Thinking and Acting at the “School for All”<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The aim of the article is to discuss the direction of activities of the contemporary model of education, including elementary education, where the process of inclusion plays an important role. The analysis is based on the contemporary pedagogical scientific literature and recommendations of education policy. The starting point for the considerations is that inclusion is the basis of the concept of “Education for All”. The special attention has been paid to the essence of the development of education according to Thomas Kuhn. In his considerations the importance of language and meanings at all has been emphasized. From this perspective, the roles of both seemed to be a legitimate reference point for the inclusion process. Moreover, the plans for the exchange of ideas and activities have been also indicated in the study.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Professional Learning Community (PLC) in Singapore (Potential and Limitations in Shaping High-Quality Education)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Summary</title> <p>The aim of this article is to recognise the Professional Learning Communities (PLC) model adopted in 2009 in Singapore as a national mode. The explicit use of the term of PLC together with related terms makes it possible to understand an educational policy which is focused on the implementation of concepts developed in a different, foreign context. The orientation adopted in Singapore identifies PLC not only as reinforcing incentives for teachers and their professionalism, but more broadly, as reinforcing the already high-quality education. The arguments and evidence presented in this article are mainly based on literature and research review, as well as on analyses of source documents.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Passion and researcher’s identity<abstract><title style='display:none'>Summary</title><p>The aim of the article is to analyse various contexts of passion perceived as an important component of researcher’s identity. First, passion is confronted with the concept if rationality which dominates the university thinking about research. Second, passion is considered in relations to intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Next, the author concentrates attention on factors which limit the passion development: present commercialization of research as well as their permanent indexation and evaluation, re-locating the researcher’s energy on permanent reporting and detailed juridization of academic reality. At the end the possibility of passion in contemporary research is optimistically confirmed by the idea of academic community and academic freedom.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-04-09T00:00:00.000+00:00Z Żalem Żegnamyżegnanie Profesor Marii Dudzikowej Przez Forum Młodych Pedagogów Przy Komitecie Nauk Pedagogicznych Pan community as a category in the perception of student groups<abstract><title style='display:none'>Summary</title><p>The paper scrutinises the university as a place for functioning within the community of student groups with relations and activities which are conducive or detrimental to the creation of the community. An attempt was made to achieve two goals. First of all, to indicate the potential of a theoretical and practical category of <italic>a hybrid</italic>, as well as a newly introduced, related category of <italic>hybrid community</italic>. Secondly, in relation to own research findings on dean’s student groups, the potential of their application when perceiving the groups through the category of <italic>hybrid community</italic>.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-04-09T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1