rss_2.0Review of Ecumenical Studies Sibiu FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Review of Ecumenical Studies Sibiu of Ecumenical Studies Sibiu 's Cover Reviews / Buchrezensionen: Mikhail Seleznev, William R.G. Loader and Karl-Wilhelm Niebuhr (eds.), , WUNT 459, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2021, 470 S., ISBN: 978-3-16-160104-0 Approach Regarding Eastern and Western Christian Churches in Medieval Maramureș County<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The present research investigates the presence and coexistence of two denominations, the Western and Eastern Christian faith, in medieval Maramurefi county. For this, a close analysis of medieval published documents was performed. Along with these primary sources, the historiography of the subject was also consulted. The survey shows that both denominations were well-represented both institutionally and through active members, even if measures were taken by the bishops of Rome and kings of Hungary against the Eastern Christian faith in the realm. We hope that future archival and archaeological research will lead to new findings that will contribute to a better understanding regarding the historic coexistence of the two denominations in Maramureş County.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00From Paganism to Christianity and the Administrative-Ecclesiastical Integration of the Parishes on the Middle Valley of Târnava Mare in the Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper aims at describing the process through which religious rites and rituals have changed within settlements located along the middle valley of the Târnava Mare River, evolving from pagan manifestations to the emergence of Catholic ecclesiastic institutions, contributing thus to a new regional religious identity. The archaeological findings of the Mediaş group indicates the practice of the cremation rite in this particular area, which was a common custom up until the mid-ninth century. In the following ninth to eleventh century period, however, there is a gap in archaeological evidence relevant to the funeral rite; no burial grounds or cemeteries have been identified, and only one settlement in Albeşti (Mureş County) was found. The Târnava Mare basin was shortly encompassed within the Hungarian Kingdom. Thus, starting with the twelfth century, a series of <italic>indagines</italic> were built and defended by the Szeklers’ communities. The cemetery on the so-called <italic>Dealul Viilor</italic> in Sighişoara is attributed to the Szeklers. A new burial ritual was observed, namely an anthropomorphic practice, after German populations settled down along the Târnava Mare valley and after the arrival of Dominican monks in Sighişoara, where they erected a Dominican convent. From an institutional point of view, these settlements were placed under the jurisdiction of the Transylvanian bishopric and of the chapters/ diaconates of Mediaş, Laslea/Criş, Târnava Mare, Târnava Mica, Saschiz, Tileagd.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00The Mediaeval Background of Self-Identification in Relation to the Filioque Controversy<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The study at hand is not focused on the mediaeval theological history of the Filioque controversy but aims to examine how the mediaeval (particularly the Palamite) doctrine of procession has become an ideological element of identity in presentday interpretation. Based on the assumption that religious elements have become part of the political identity primarily in south-eastern Europe, the present paper makes reference first of all to representatives of Orthodox theology, without seeking to criticize, however, the Orthodox standpoint on the Filioque. Provided that it can be demonstrated that contemporary authors make use of mediaeval sources not merely theologically but also ideologically, then we can ascertain that the mediaeval Filioque controversy inşuences the present-day interpretation of self-identity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Verena Krebs, Springer Nature, Cham 2021, xvii+308 p., eBook, ISBN: 978-3-030-64934-0 Terminology and the Progressive Nature of Church Membership in Cyril of Jerusalem<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>There is too little study of Cyril of Jerusalem’s notion of the ecclesiological identity of baptismal candidates. I found that his use of familial terminology was not simply limited to that of the Biblical and Patristic models, i.e., fully initiated members of the church. He applied it to unbaptized candidates as well. They shared in a primal yet real membership of the ecclesial family. They were progressively brought into church membership through the individual rites of initiation, each contributing to a growing transformation in the candidates. They could be identified as family even prior to their ultimate, baptismal adoption as members. This article fills a significant gap in research on the late fourth century theology of initiation. It provides present-day catechists with a deeper understanding of their baptismal candidates’ ecclesiological status. It opens a Patristic and ecumenical vista into the relationship of non-Orthodox Christians with the Orthodox church.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Bonnie Efros, Isabel Moreira (eds.), Oxford University Press, New York 2020, 1166 p. ISBN: 9780190234188 (hardback), ISBN: 9780197510803 (epub) Inequalities: The Representation of Religious, Gender, and Sexual Identities in the<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Repentant harlots who became trans saints presented Byzantine hagiographers with a challenge. Thought to exhibit a lack of self-control and the excessive sexuality, associated with women, and sex workers in particular, – a subject of great concern for monastic authors – how could members of this stigmatized group achieve the standards of Christian piety, let alone saintly behavior? In portraying its fictional protagonist as an exemplum of masculine virtues in the context of nascent Palestinian monasticism, the anonymous Life of Pelagia highlights the non-binariness of social identities in early Byzantium, unsettling fixed gender categorization. Conceiving of a trans figure of an ascetic subverting conventional binaries, the Life creates a model for incorporating non-conforming masculinities of Byzantine society within the normative hagiographic genre.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00The Mobility of Iconographers and their Quest for Social Status Art and Signatures of Transylvanian Pre-Modern Greek-Orthodox Iconographers<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The change in the status of Orthodox iconographers from Transylvania brought forward a change in their art during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. During this period the condition of Orthodox painters changes from that of mere craftsmen to artists. Based on the work of several Transylvanian painters active during the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, an analysis of the signatures of the artists, visitation records and contracts between the artists and the patrons of the church, this article wishes to explore the changes in the status of these individuals who evolved from craftsmen to artists during their lives.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Zeno Carra, Cittadella Editrice, Assisi 2018, 290 p., ISBN: 978-8-8308-1624-4 RES 3/2021 Chouliaras, , Studia Traditionis Theologiae 38, Brepols, Turnhout 2020, 243 p., ISBN: 978-2-503-58941-1 Military Religious Orders and the Cismarine Expansion of the Borders of<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article aims to discuss the presence of the military religious orders at the frontiers of Christianitas during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, a period when the hierocratic auctoritas ecclesiae materialized itself through vigorous expansionism. The military religious orders acted in consensus with the Holy See and at the request of the political European entities (also subjected to the authority of the Pope) in regions where they could not withstand the threats which endangered parts of their kingdoms or possessions. Ultimately this article integrates the presence of the Teutonic Knights in Transylvania during the first half of the thirteenth century in this broad mission of expansionism and highlights how the Roman Pontiş established relationships with the kingdoms positioned at the edge of Christianitas.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Jörg Frey and Craig R. Koester (eds.), , WUNT 463, Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen 2021, 386 S., ISBN: 978-3-1610006-7 Sebastian Barbu-Bucur, , ediţie îngrijită şi studiu introductiv de Cătălin Cernătescu [An Unpublished Musical Version of the Lord’s Lamentation from the Romanian Tradition. Edition and Introductory Study by Cătălin Cernătescu], Basilica, Bucureşti 2021, 228 p., ISBN: 978-606-29-0427-2 Green, , Åbo Akademi University Press, Åbo 2020, 336 p., ISBN: 978-951-765-965-9 Latinovic and Anastacia K. Wooden, , Pathways for Ecumenical and Interreligious Dialogue, Palgrave Macmillan 2021, 386 p., ISBN: 978-3-030-55441-5 RES 2/2021 Sacred Disguised: An Instance of the Double Use of Space by Japan’s Hidden Christians<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Christianity arrived on the island of Shikoku, Japan, from the neighboring island of Kyushu in the mid-sixteenth century, an event commemorated by a signboard and gravesite where some of the early converts to the faith were buried. The sancti"ed area exhibits what might be expected of Hidden Christian spatiality: a quasi-Buddhist nature, syncretistic Shinto elements, and o#ertory tools; each of which would be quite out of place in any other “Christian” context. What may the sacrality of this ground have entailed? What signi"cance did its objects contain for those who created them and visited them? Moreover, how “ecumenical” could worship there have been if one half (the Christian) was for political reasons forcibly kept hidden while the other half (Buddhist/Shinto) was open? These are the questions we pursue, although our conclusions can perhaps do no more than indicate a direction.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-09-27T00:00:00.000+00:00About Empty Synagogues and Jewish Communities in Today’s Romania