rss_2.0Raumforschung und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Raumforschung und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning und Raumordnung | Spatial Research and Planning 's Cover und Reurbanisierung<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>In the debate about recent trends in elderly migration in Germany a controversy arose about a possible change of patterns. With respect to former generations of retired persons many studies (in different countries) gave evidence of the fact that a change of residence in retirement in many instances was a ‘counterurbanisation’. On balance the elderly population left the central cities of agglomerations and went to the peripheral regions or more generally from urban to rural regions. At issue is now whether this pattern of retirement migration still exists or whether seniors nowadays move into the cities as well. In the media, in politics and in real estate business the suspected trend is often treated as a matter of fact, but empirical evidence is still rare. The study presented here investigates the suspected change towards reurbanisation in retirement migration with an analysis of aggregate data. The data base INKAR (indicators and maps of spacial and urban development) is used to examine developments from 1995 to 2012. The results show that there is indeed a structural transformation of elderly migration in Germany. The urban outmigration of seniors has decreased considerably and more and more big cities (especially in East Germany) turn up with a surplus of in-migration of older adults.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2018-02-28T00:00:00.000+00:00One fits all?<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Resilience ranks high on the environmentally oriented research agenda on sustainable urban and regional development. The annual “Global Forum on Urban Resilience and Adaptation” has become a meeting point for academia and practice. The United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development uses the term in two of their 17 Sustainable Development Goals, i.e., in Goal No. 9 on infrastructure as a basis for economic development and No. 11 on cities and human settlements. Moreover, resilience has become a prominent topic in the New Urban Agenda. Against this background, the article provides an overview of recent discussion on resilience. It scrutinizes how the concept has been used by different researchers from diverse disciplines with special reference to urban, regional and environmental studies. A systematic literature review on resilience was carried out in order to shed light on recent developments of thought and practice. All in all, 650 articles were reviewed. Following an introduction into the topic and description of the applied methodological approach, different facets of the debate on resilience are presented, and conclusions are drawn. It can be seen that the discussion of resilience needs more specificity, transdisciplinary approaches, and regional contextualization, especially in urban and regional development studies in the countries of the global south.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2018-02-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Ältere Ein- und Zweifamilienhausbestände im Umbruch. Eine Clusteranalyse zur Identifizierung regionaler Betroffenheiten in Nordrhein-Westfalen<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Within the interplay of demographic factors, characteristics of the housing stock, spatial parameters and the resulting conditions on the housing market in many municipalities a declining demand for single family homes built in the 1950s to 1970s goes along with an increasing supply in this segment of the housing market. At this, however, strong regional disparities can be observed. In this paper, a concept of indicators on the municipal level to estimate the situation of the 1950s to the 1970s single-family homes is presented. Based on the example of North Rhine-Westphalia in a first step regional spatial patterns are identified based on some of these indicators. The focus of the paper is on the subsequent synthesis of the indicators by means of a cluster analysis (two-step method). As a result, six clusters with similar developments and challenges regarding the 1950s to 1970s single-family-homes stocks are identified and the operative requirements for these clusters are discussed. From the methodological perspective the paper shows that the cluster analysis by the means of the two-step method is a promising alternative to the Ward method frequently adopted in spatial sciences.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2018-02-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Heimann, Thorsten (2017): Klimakulturen und Raum: Umgangsweisen mit Klimawandel an europäischen Küsten Ausbau von Offshore-Windparks in Deutschland aus einer Innovationsperspektive<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Policy instruments are of central importance for the diffusion of renewable energy technologies. They can compensate for politically desired effects (e.g. reduction of emissions) which are not adequately addressed by the market. This relation can also be seen in the development of offshore wind energy in Germany. However, I argue in this paper that the policy instruments implemented during the initial phase of the development were not only unsuitable for diminishing obstacles but rather created conflicts which hampered the development of offshore wind energy. Especially the lack of spatial regulations in the beginning of the process promoted conflicts of use and environmental conflicts and led to an uncontrolled development which prevented an efficient grid connection. By modifying old or implementing new instruments political actors tried to improve the framing conditions for the development of offshore wind energy in Germany. Based on a document analysis and expert interviews, these regulatory efforts are analysed from an innovation perspective using the constellation analysis, which specifically takes the interaction of the various policy instruments and central socio-economic, technical and natural factors into account. This way it can be shown that it was only after a lengthy learning and negotiation process that suitable policy instruments were implemented that led to the development of overall suitable framework conditions for the development of offshore wind energy.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2018-02-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Regionale Unterschiede der Verteilung von Personen mit unternehmerischem Persönlichkeitsprofil in Deutschland – ein Überblick<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Recent research has found clear indications of regional differences in the personality traits of the population. Such regional differences may significantly contribute to explaining regional development. We provide an overview of regional differences in entrepreneurial personality traits among the population in Germany. There are a number of highly significant regional differences but the strength of the effects is relatively small. The empirical evidence suggests that the regional differences found are due to selective migration and also to socialization.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2018-02-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Wende, Wolfgang; Walz, Ulrich (Hrsg.) (2017): Die räumliche Wirkung der Landschaftsplanung. Evaluation, Indikatoren und Trends die Neubaugebiete der 1960er- und 1970er-Jahre zu Problemgebieten? an die Reviewer im Jahr 2017är genutzte Räume von berufsbedingt multilokal Lebenden. Herausforderungen und Potenziale für betriebliche und regionale Entwicklungen in ländlichen Räumen Niedersachsens<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Due to globalization processes in connection with increasing individualization and pluralization of lifestyles as well as flexible working environments, spatial mobility is increasing. A multi-local way of life, thus living in several places, is becoming more and more important. This paper presents the first results of an analysis of occupational multi-local lifestyles in rural areas. This contribution aims to identify challenges and potentials of multi-local lifestyles for operational and regional developments and to formulate associated possible fields of action for political-planning practice and entrepreneurial practice. With the help of qualitative methods, a case study analysis was carried out in the district Diepholz in Lower Saxony (Germany). The article first discusses the motives and circumstances that ensure that employees (have to) live in several places. Afterwards, the organization of everyday life and working life of the persons living in temporarily used places is explained. Furthermore, it will be shown which operational and regional framework conditions and structures influence these lifestyles, as well as the significance of job-related multi-locality for operational and regional developments.</p> </trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-08-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Temporäre räumliche Nähe – Akteure, Orte und Interaktionen Review: Monheim, Rolf (2019): Innenstadtintegrierte Einkaufszentren – Chancen und Risiken für eine nachhaltige Stadtentwicklung Mannheim: MetaGIS Fachverlag. 27 Tabellen, 40 Abbildungen, 385 Seiten. = Geographische Handelsforschung 27. an die Reviewer im Jahr 2019 Produktion und temporäre räumliche Nähe in Produktionsprozessen<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article argues that temporary spatial proximity between economic agents can also have a productionrelated purpose besides knowledge generation. At the same time, due to new technological developments and trends, consumer goods are generated by temporary spatial proximity between end customers and producers. The purpose of the temporary exchange is to create material goods meeting the individual demands of the respective customer in real time. The aim of this paper is to analyse production-related temporary spatial proximity of urban manufacturing to show how production sites and locations as well as the relationship with customers are altered. Based on a literature analysis and case studies, production-related temporary spatial proximity in large companies, factories, makerspaces and festivals is examined. The results show that customers are intensively involved in the production process. Changes in the production method and location are the consequence, since it is about the production of individual pieces. In addition, production locations change, as they need to be in retail locations or housing areas, i.e. close to the market where the end consumers are. Production-oriented temporal spatial proximity between producers and consumers and associated inner-city production will not replace mass production of consumer goods. However, it is an important factor influencing the choice of business models and business locations for entrepreneurs given the current trend in the individualisation of consumer goods.</p> </trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-11-15T00:00:00.000+00:00Choreographies of entrepreneurship. How different formats of co-presence are combined to facilitate knowledge creation in seed accelerator programs<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper explores different functions of co-presence for collaborative knowledge creation in the context of seed accelerator programs. Seed accelerators offer programs of three to six months to enhance the growth of early-stage start-ups through various means of training and organizational development. In this paper, seed accelerator programs are analysed as orchestrated sequences of different types of physical co-presence. By drawing on qualitative case study data, the paper identifies eight different ways in which physical co-presence is used during seed accelerator programs. Through these eight types of co-presence, the analysis reveals that physical co-presence unfolds unique social dynamics that are utilized in a carefully designed combination of presence and absence. It is shown that physical co-presence is a means to enact relational distance and to bridge this distance for the benefit of the entrepreneurial process. Therefore, this paper adds a new perspective on how co-presence is used to facilitate the generation of value through collaborative knowledge creation.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2019-09-11T00:00:00.000+00:00Inwertsetzung von temporären Räumlichkeiten. Standortstrategien von Pop-up-Restaurants in Berlin<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper engages with the accompanying location strategies of temporary catering businesses. Hereby, the contemporary trend of so-called pop-up restaurants in Berlin emphasizes a paragon for both the ‘temporality’ and ‘eventisation’ of economic activities. Against this background, a methodology mix consisting of quantitative (generation of a database) and quantitative methods (a series of semi-structured expert interviews) provides the breeding ground for an inductive analysis of this emergent phenomenon. The latter aligns with principles of Grounded Theory and attempts to assemble the current sparse insights with regard to this subject. The results show manifold objectives when running these temporary catering businesses comprising economic (profit-seeking, advertising and brand recognition, product testing and concept design), social/societal (connecting people, staging an extraordinary experience) and personal reasons (personal and professional fulfillment). Concerning locational choice, different location strategies of pop-ups become visible in this realm: either as locational cooperatives with business and/or communicative synergies or as isolated and closed events at unusual locations, which, however, always strive for a holistic experience with a distinctive atmosphere in the sense of “valorisation of a temporarily organised uniqueness”. These trends point to imperatives of an emerging cognitive-cultural capitalism, which is based on an eventisation of economic activities exploiting both the scarce resource “attention” and the memorability of experiences.</p></trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-10-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Steinführer, Annett; Laschewski Lutz; Mölders, Tanja; Siebert, Rosemarie (Hrsg.) (2019): Das Dorf. Soziale Prozesse und räumliche Arrangements Münster: Lit Verlag. = Ländliche Räume: Beiträge zur lokalen und regionalen Entwicklung 5. 210 Seiten work environments: Eventisation through an inspiring work atmosphere in temporary proximity<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The objective of this paper is to understand how work processes and the quality of physical places support creative knowledge generation. The creation of knowledge is linked to both social space and physical place, and is influenced by steady socio-spatial dynamics. In workplaces, the space-time dynamics of knowledge creation coincide with the physical characteristics of place. On the basis of qualitative interviews with Design thinking workshop facilitators, as well as participants, the influence of three types of creative support (psychosocial, inspirational and functional) is linked to the elements of place, people and process in this specific innovation method. This paper discusses in which ways place, people and process contribute to creating a creativity-enhancing workspace and inspiring atmosphere in temporary spatial proximity. Eventisation of the innovation process, and interaction in temporary spatial proximity, are important prerequisites for keeping knowledge creation exciting.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2019-08-06T00:00:00.000+00:00„Hägerstrand online“: Ein methodisches Konzept zur Analyse raumzeitlicher Trajektorien in Kollaborationen<trans-abstract xml:lang="en"> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In economic geography, during the last years interest in various aspects of temporality increased, both in the context of short- as well as longer-term physical interaction constellations. Despite the empirical and theoretical differentiation of physical co-presence, two aspects have not been problematized in a sufficiently systematic fashion so far: first, the dichotomous understanding of physical co-presence (that is reduced to a binary differentiation of presence/absence) and, second, the conception of virtual co-presence as a deficient version of communication (that lacks the broad spectrum of sensual cues of face-to-face interaction). To overcome the insufficient conceptualization of co-presence we enrich our geographical argumentation with findings from adjacent disciplines and focus on the modification in communication contexts implied by virtualization. In particular, the intricate entanglement of offline and online interaction dynamics is challenging the established methodical and conceptual geographical approaches. In order to deal with these challenges, we seek to advance the time-geographic model of Torsten Hägerstrand by including the virtual dimension of interactions. The aim of our extension is the development of a methodical template that is suitable to conceptualize empirically space-time trajectories in physical, virtual and (physical-virtual) synthetic contexts. We illustrate our methodical-conceptual extension of the time-geographic model with empirical vignettes from the fields of art (music production in a studio) and science (pharmaceutical research in a laboratory).</p> </trans-abstract>ARTICLE2019-09-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Book Review: Stielike, Jan M. (2018): Sozialstaatliche Verpflichtungen und raumordnerische Möglichkeiten zur Sicherung der Daseinsvorsorge Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag. 658 Seiten. = Raum, Stadt, Architektur. Interdisziplinäre Zugänge 2