rss_2.0LOGI – Scientific Journal on Transport and Logistics FeedSciendo RSS Feed for LOGI – Scientific Journal on Transport and Logistics – Scientific Journal on Transport and Logistics 's Cover Size of Logistics: Evidence from Selected Countries<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Efficiency of cross-border goods' movement and resource use is key for countries' economic growth. This study aimed to estimate the effect size of transportation infrastructure and logistics performance on selected countries' development, based on the infrastructure of services approach. A partial least square (PLS) and structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis for 74 countries for 2012–2018 revealed that transportation infrastructure and logistics performance were statistically significant (at the 1% level) for economic development, despite small and medium effect size. Transportation had a significantly positive and large effect on logistics performance (at the 1% level). Mediation analysis results also showed evidence of the significantly large effect size (at the 1% level) of logistics performance. The study concludes that logistics performance is a strong contributor—directly and indirectly—in the development of countries where transportation alone may not be enough. Hence, countries should prioritize logistics development strategies to harness global production networks, improve policies and practices, and enhance their standards of living.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Can B2B Implementation Enhance Competitiveness of Logistic Companies in Coronavirus Economic Recession?<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper presents recommendations determined to assist logistic companies in conceiving an efficient B2B implementation policy with the aim of enhancing market competitiveness, especially in time of intensified market competition. The research is based on an analysis of the situation in B2B implementation during the period of the 2008-2009 economic crisis, where – on a sample of 229 logistic companies based in the Czech Republic – it ascertains whether the extent of B2B implementation changed over this period. This is done in a short-time (2006 vs. 2010) as well as long-time (extended with 2014 vs. 2018) horizon. Although some conclusions are in contradiction with other authors, they state a high extent of B2B implementation, which even further increased over the above economic crisis and even continued in a longer time horizon following the crisis. The conclusions are then analogically transferred to the present 2020 “coronavirus economic recession” and practicable recommendations are formulated. Being made on a high level of reliability, the recommendations have a potential to serve as an efficient tool ensuring economic “survival” of logistic companies, which is – especially in the field of logistics due to the implemented anti-COVID measures creating new trade barriers – very actual.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-24T00:00:00.000+00:00Determinants of Electric Car Sales in Europe<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This article deals with determining statistically significant factors affecting the sale of battery electric vehicles in different European countries. Typical representative countries were selected on the basis of cluster analysis. The input data for multiple regression models and vector autoregressive models include data for the last decade and thus essentially cover the complete history of the electric car market. Attention is paid not only to the European leader but also to countries with a lower share of electric cars. The results of this study show the existence of a common factor in the countries with different development trends in the battery electric vehicle market. However, differences among individual countries are generally so significant that the identified factors vary from country to country.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-11-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Analysis of Customs Processing of Wagon Consignment at Slovakia-Ukraine Border<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In the territory of the Slovak Republic, the transportation of goods from east to west is carried out in Eastern Slovak Trasnsshipment. The transportation of goods in direct international rail transport between the Slovak Republic, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine is carried out through the border crossing points Čierna nad Tisou – Čop and Maťovce – Užhorod. These border crossing points are places on a broad-gauge and standard-gauge railway, wherer loading, unloading, and reloading of goods from wider gauge wagons to narrower gauge wagons shall be carried out. There is also a shift of transport mode from SMGS to CIM and other services associated with this transport. An important document affecting the functioning of the single railway market is the Customs Code of the European Union and its provisions. It should be noted that the Common Economic Area of the European Union is also the common customs area of all the Member States. In the case of the cross-border international rail transport organisation, there are no control services due to the customs clearance of the goods. For carriers and customers, this means easier process organisation thanks to the provisions of the Customs Code.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-01T00:00:00.000+00:00Sustainable Transport Packaging: Evaluation and Feasibility for Different Use Cases<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The continuous increase in e-commerce shipping is causing a critical amount of transport packaging waste. The aim of this paper is a comprehensive presentation of different types of innovations for sustainable transport packaging. Within the paper, classification and evaluation of 37 sustainable packaging solutions are presented, including customized on-demand packaging, alternative materials and closed-loop systems. A multi-criteria evaluation scheme covering a wide range of economic, ecological, operational and social indicators was used to assess the feasibility of the packaging options in different cases. Depending on the degree of innovation and implementation risk, packaging options are proposed as a “Quick Win”, “Go Green” or “Thought Leadership” solution. In the conclusion chapter of this paper, recommendations are made for three different use cases, namely grocery, fashion and textiles and electronic goods.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-11-06T00:00:00.000+00:00Evaluation and Selection of Nigerian Third-Party Logistics Service Providers Using Multi-Criteria Decision Models<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper is focused on solving the evaluation and selection of 3PL’s by applying multi-criteria decision-making methods. Nigerian Breweries, Nigerian Bottling Company (NBC), AG Leventis, Kobo logistics, and Flour Mills of Nigeria (FMN) were understudied. The main criteria on which evaluation is based were established: Cost, Service level, Financial Capability, Reputation and Long-term relationship. A combination of two quantitative models was adopted in the study. Relevant data were collected through an oral interview with managers and key decision-makers at the companies. SWARA was first applied to the collated data to determine the relative weights of the criteria. Afterwards, the TOPSIS was applied to the weights developed using SWARA and on the performance of the selected service providers. After the analysis, the best service provider was identified as supplier 2 while the worst was supplier 5.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Controlling and the Use of UAVs as Important Components of Smart Logistical Operations<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Modern controlling is an interdisciplinary field that allows management to manage properly, thereby creating the basis for good decision-making. Logistics operations in smart companies need to be not only properly set up, but also properly controlled and improved. The purpose of the article is to analyze the controlling environment in a selected company and point out possible improvements in logistics activities and devices, with a view to preventing different types of problems. For this purpose, observations of the internal logistics processes in a selected company were used and quantified to assess its internal state. On the basis of the data, controlling measures are put forward to improve the management of the company’s logistics activities. The results of the research highlight the opportunities that exist through controlling activities to collect and analyze information about the logistics activities of a company. By doing so, employees can be given greater responsibility for the fulfilment of their tasks and contribute to the streamlining of logistics processes. For managers, the implementation of controlling represents a change in the way of thinking and managing a company.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-11-25T00:00:00.000+00:00Influence of Cruise Control Use on Vehicle´s Consumption<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Most vehicles used in road transport are powered by internal combustion engines. Depending on the nature of their operation, each vehicle releases a certain amount of emissions into the air. Among other things, emissions include carbon dioxide, which significantly contributes to the greenhouse effect. The quantity of CO2 produced is closely related to fuel consumption. The article presents the results of test drives which were performed on a passenger car meeting emission standard Euro 4. The aim of the study was to verify the impact of the use of cruise control on fuel consumption of the vehicle. The measurement was performed on the basis of test drives carried out on a highway section. The consumption was determined based on the data obtained from a diagnostic device, which was connected to the vehicle via OBD. The test drives were repeated several times in order to get as close as possible to the actual operation of the vehicle.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-24T00:00:00.000+00:00Assessing the Energy Intensity and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of the Traffic Services in a Selected Region<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The consumption of internal combustion vehicles and the resulting emissions associated with their operation have been at the forefront in the development of the automotive industry in recent years. This development is supported and required by a number of public administration organizations. This research deals with the monitoring of selected parameters for different types of means of transport, while the unifying element is consumption and emissions per passenger. The aim of the research is to determine the optimal vehicle for passenger transport for selected transport between two specific cities in Slovakia, Europe. The research used methods of analysis of energy intensity and emissions of individual transport units, while fuel consumption in a particular transport relationship is a decisive evaluation factor, which includes the calculation of experimental measurements in a real traffic situation. The various data and diagrams provide relevant data on the fuel consumption values achieved by the experiment converted to fuel consumption. The research is given as an example, and its principle can be applied in other specific localities. it can be applied to others, they may also apply to other transport routes.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-24T00:00:00.000+00:00The Importance of Alternative Drive Vehicles in Road Transport in Poland and the European Union<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The development of electromobility in Poland and the whole world is an inevitable process. Every year, electric vehicles and vehicles powered by renewable fuels become more and more popular. It should be noted that the development of infrastructure for electric vehicles and the pursued environmental policy with the related subsidies for the purchase of electric vehicles are an important aspect encouraging the purchase of this type of vehicle. The article presents a comparison of the popularity of vehicles powered by renewable energy sources in Poland and other European Union countries, as well as the characteristics of the most common alternative fuels. Its main objective is to specify the importance of passenger cars with alternative drive sources across the selected EU countries.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Design of Automatic Assembly Station for Industrial Vehicles Parts<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Automated production and assembly lines can be considered a crucial factor in accelerating the production processes and achieving the maximum financial savings. In particular, specialized single-purpose machines can significantly reduce production or assembly time. The submitted article presents a design of a single-purpose device that is used for the automated assembly of a roller bush with a screw. These components are then used for construction and agricultural vehicles to attach other components. Naturally, the design of this specific device is more demanding in terms of time consumption, precision, detail and initial investment than similar less complicated all-purpose devices. Nevertheless, single-purpose devices turn out to be a better option in the sense of quality and profit both in the long-term and high-capacity projects, such as automotive industry, agricultural and construction machinery. The best alternative was selected from several proposals using the evaluation method. The assembly machine was designed and optimized using Computer Aided Design systems and Finite Element Method analyses. The resulting equipment was used in practice, where it significantly increased the productivity and production efficiency.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-11-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Examination of the Development of New Bus Registrations with Alternative Powertrains in Europe<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The setting of minimum targets for EU member states to procure green vehicles within two reference periods ending in 2025 and 2030, should help to promote mobility with low, respectively zero emissions. The research results reveal that the V4 countries (Slovakia, Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary) will find it very difficult to meet the set minimum targets for the share of ecological buses in the total number of buses included in the sum of all contracts subject to EU Directive 2019/1161 concluded from 2 August 2021. The share of buses with alternative powertrains in the V4 countries in 2019 was only 12.79% (with the minimum target being much higher). The Nordic countries are best placed to meet the minimum targets for the share of green buses (in 2019, the share of such buses was almost 19%). The crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, which has and continues to affect bus demand across Europe, may have a significant impact on meeting the minimum targets, especially by the end of the first reference period.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-10-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Supply Chain Management and Logistics Big Data Challenges in Bulgaria<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article focuses on the challenges of applying big data approaches to logistics and supply chain management in Bulgaria, while also presenting the challenges, opportunities and problems from a broader perspective. This includes a review of big data in logistics and its subsystems in relation to integration and transformation processes, as well as the role of big data and the relevant technologies in supply chain management. The research framework for the study of Bulgarian companies focuses on their experiences, both positive and negative, with big data. Data was collected using an electronic questionnaire. The respondents were from small, medium-sized and large companies alike. The results demonstrate and explain the companies’ experiences with big data and the level of application thereof. The findings showed that the main areas for the use of big data are order processing, communication processes, reporting systems, inventory management and vehicle database management.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-11-19T00:00:00.000+00:00Evaluation of the Hazard Perception Skills of Young Drivers<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of this study is to collate valuable information about the hazard perception process of (young) drivers and to evaluate their hazard perception skills. For this, an eye-tracking system was used to record the visual behaviour of drivers. In addition, a system based on a data logger and sensors was developed to capture and log the relevant data from the vehicle. By tapping into the vehiclés CAN bus (Controller Area Network), the needed parameters (e.g. position of accelerator, brake, and clutch pedal, as well as the steering wheel angle) were acquired through the reverse engineering of the vehicle′s CAN stream. All the captured data was subsequently synchronized and overlaid in the eye-tracking video. The complete system, i.e. data-logger and sensors, was consistently integrated into a driving school car. Due to the fact that all the data was captured in real-time whilst driving in traffic, every analysed situation can be considered unique and therefore cannot be compared to other situations. The results of the study revealed that only in 18% of the analysed situations, the hazard-perception skills were adequate or the same as they were taught at the driving school just a few months previous. Confronted by the videos of their lessons, the participating drivers adjusted their self-assessment scores for their driving skills downwards by around 25% on average.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Smart City Decision Making System Based on Event-driven Platform<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>With the occurrence of rapid urbanization and intensive growth of different modes of transport, we face issues such as resource management, energy demand and lack of capacity due to overcrowding. To help with these issues we leverage technology and the Internet of Things (IoT) to develop smart cities. In this paper, we propose an innovative approach to development of new smart city event-driven platform with which we want to simplify data input, data transformation, and decision making processes. The platform uses events, labels and reliability factor to make decisions and trigger actions. This paper begins with an overview of the smart city framework and we review the characteristics of event-driven models. The event-driven platform is presented and discussed. The paper closes with our findings, suggestions, open issues, and future research possibilities.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-14T00:00:00.000+00:00Optimal Location of Distribution Site Based on Distance<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>For most companies, successful business operation is based on the location at the right place, in the right region, on the right plot. New investments in land, buildings and material handling equipment are carried out for the longer term. As the global business environment in which a company needs to decide on location is becoming more uncertain every day, it is of huge importance to make a thoughtful and ‘future-proof’ decision on the location for a new distribution site. Allocation can also be defined as a process that results in finding a position for a warehouse, company, production, people, things, and activities in a specific area. A newly built distribution site is impossible to be moved in a short period of time, so the decision on where to build a distribution site, warehouse, or manufacturing plant is of vital and strategic importance.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Organization of Urban Transport Organization – Presentation of Bicycle System and Bicycle Infrastructure in Lublin<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The introduction of a city bike system, which has become a complement to the public transport system in large cities and mainly in the most crowded city centers, seems to be a very good solution, which may contribute to reducing urban congestion, air pollution, and noise level. In many situations, bicycle transport can solve the deficiencies in public transport, e.g. at nights, during holidays and on days when bus services are operated to a limited extent. The article presents the functioning of the city bike system in Lublin implemented at the end of 2014, including basic information on the system, its advantages and disadvantages, as well as the existing infrastructure and development prospects.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-28T00:00:00.000+00:00External Debt, External Reserves, Debt Service Costs and Economic Growth: Implications for the Nigerian Transport Sector<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The objective of the study presented in this article is to examine the relationship between external debt (EXDT), external reserves (EXRS), total debt service costs (TDS) and Nigeria’s economic growth (RGDP) and how these variables impact on the Nigerian transport economy employing profligacy theory. The study used secondary data for Nigeria for the period 1979 to 2019 obtained from the International Debt Office (WBG). The econometric techniques used include OLS, Granger causality and Engle-Granger cointegration at a 0.05 confidence level. The results show that EXDT has a statistically significant negative relationship with EXRS, with no statistically significant relationship existing with RGDP and TDS in the short term. All the variables showed significant cointegration over the long term, with the conclusion that the relationship between EXRS and EXDT is negatively significant in the short term, while the other variables are insignificant. The recommendations of the study include, that the government and monetary authorities should endeavour to reduce the creation of foreign debt for nonreproductive projects in key sectors due to its adverse effect on external reserves, and instead pursue aid, grants and domestic long-term loan options necessary for effective growth of the transport and other key sectors of the economy.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-11-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Analysis of the Logistics Process of Waste Transport in the City of Pila (The Case Study From Poland)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of the article is to analyze the logistics process of waste transport in the city of Piła and the proposal for its optimization. For this purpose, the concept of waste and related issues were characterized and a waste transport company in the city of Piła was discussed. The problems encountered in waste logistics were depicted. In the research part, with the use of a survey among city residents, functioning of the current logistics chain was verified. The questions of the survey focus on the logistics activities carried out during the collection of waste from the city. The study was conducted in an open manner, while maintaining anonymity for the respondents. The questions included in the survey make it possible to illustrate the residents´ awareness of waste segregation, the method of displaying waste, the residents’ opinion on the regularity of waste collection by a local company providing these services. In the second part of the study, the effectiveness of waste collection in the city center in single-family houses was observed in the period from March, 2019 to October, 2020. On the basis of the conducted research, it can be concluded that the operating system for collecting waste from city residents is good but not ideal, as in most cities in Poland.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-05-28T00:00:00.000+00:00Analysis of Airport Operational Performance in Selected Airports of Northern Nigeria<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study focuses on the overall airport operational performance of selected airports in Northern Nigeria using the stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA) model. STATA version 7 software was used for the data analysis. Data collected from the Federal Airport Authority of Nigeria (FAAN) from all the selected airports from 2001 to 2018 included both domestic and international passengers in the given area. The study focused on measuring the operational performance of all selected airports; its results show that none of the airports under review showed 100% level of productivity benchmark. The study recommended that the airports in the given area can improve their technical performance by reducing the unit costs as well as some other inputs to increase efficiency.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-28T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1