rss_2.0Journal of Language and Cultural Education FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Journal of Language and Cultural Education of Language and Cultural Education 's Cover literature at Slovak secondary schools (Text and context in literary education)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The teaching of literature (and at the same time the teaching of the history of national literature) together with education in the field of the mother tongue has always been one of the key areas of education in the Slovak school system, therefore they have always received due and even special attention. Literary education (teaching literature) is a specific school process of literary communication and metacommunication, which can be interpreted in two ways in secondary school conditions: the first represents literary education as a traditional and stable part of the subject Slovak language and literature. Its goal is to prepare the pupil for the maturita exam. The second view presents literary education as a way to search for the meaning of human life through a functional chain of reception and interpretation of artistic texts. A fundamental problem of current education in the field of literature is the transfer of information from the latest scientific research into school practice. Another long-term and permanent problem of teaching literature at Slovak grammar schools and secondary schools is that literary education practice overestimates the informative component of the curriculum focused on memory acquisition. The paper introduces and discusses the number of theoretical and practical problems which arise in connection with the above-mentioned problems, as well as with teaching literary analysis and organizing the complex of tasks related to the meaningful reading of literary texts.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Between the urge to know and the need to deny: trauma and embodied memories in Margaret Atwood’s (1988)<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The study intends to explore and analyze the role of corporeality in expressing earlier repressed traumatic events as manifested in Margaret Atwood’s <italic>Cat’s Eye</italic> (1988). It shows that the protagonist, Elaine Risley, is imprisoned within the prison of her traumatic past memories that still live involuntarily in her present, shaping her language and behavior. It equally reveals that the connection between the protagonist’s body and her conscious self is damaged due to overwhelming effects of her trauma; triggering her body to unconsciously project those traumatic memories. The study specifically examines how Atwood’s protagonist’s trauma returns through the cracks of her consciousness in a form of auditory and verbal hallucinations and dissociation from herself. In order to probe the connection between soma and trauma in Atwood’s novel, the study leans on a distillation of psychological theorizations; particularly Sigmund Freud’s emphasis on the somatic expression of trauma. Through a textual analysis of Atwood’s novel, the study highlights that trauma is responsible for the protagonist’s anxiety, fear and loss of language, seeking to examine how Atwood’s protagonist strives to heal from her earlier traumatic memories through different mediums including art.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Time in literary translation: Anticipation of retrospection, temporality of reading and living<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Aiming at explicating structural prolepsis, and how temporality of reading and living are related, the study was conducted on <italic>Tell Me Your Dreams</italic> (1998) and its respective Amharic translation (<italic>Hilimishn Achawichgn-</italic>ህልምሽን አጫውችኝ, 2009).The English novel is anticipation of retrospection. The structural prolepsis propels the story without excursion. But the Amharic translation is not; there is no structural prolepsis. The present is constructed retrospectively and reveals that the best of times is yet to come in the English novel; the future has a retrospective significance of meaning to the present. There is a hermeneutic circle between the presentification of reading the English novel and the depresentification of real life present. The present of the English novel and the lived present of real life are experienced in preterite form in relation to a future to come. The future of real life and the English narrative are the same for both are unknown and imagined. The A and B philosophy of time solidified the literariness of the English narrative, but temporal becoming is emphasized in the Amharic translation. The past has just been, and so is not; the future is to be, and so is not yet. Thus, its literariness can’t be sensed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Blessing and curse of crowdsourcing among educational experts - a study of teachers’ willingness to contribute as a crowd<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Crowdsourcing is a new technique of gathering data or performing large scale tasks by outsourcing it to a wider public. Its role and potential in language education is investigated in first in its volume research - enetCollect (European Network for the Combination of Language Learning and Crowdsourcing Techniques) COST project. This paper presents the most pertinent data about highly successful crowdsourcing portals for language learning, some educational projects based on teacher’s contributions and analysis of a survey as a crowdsourcing activity. The paper analyses two surveys: a low response rate, large scale pan-European survey wherein a sample of language teachers od all station all over Europe was asked to answer some crowdsourcing related questions (Arhar Holdt et al., 2020) and a high response rate, small scale, survey among the distributors of the first survey in which they were asked to analyse the numbers and techniques they used to reach the crowd. The focus of this article is on an extension study to the teacher survey in which thousands of teachers were approached but the response rate was relatively low. While such low response data in other cases would have been perceived as a drawback and are rarely analyzed, in the context of crowdsourcing meta research this could be a goldmine of importance. The article demonstrates how educators mayor may not be willing to participate in a crowdsourcing activity.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Europe as an extended Greece: Travelogues by Karl Kerényi and Gábor Devecseri<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This study is dealing with the travel notes and diaries in Hungarian and German from the 1950s and 1960s. The two examined authors are Karl (Károly) Kerényi (1897–1973) and Gábor Devecseri (1917–1971). Kerényi’s travel notes and diaries reveal the thoughts of a very wide-ranging scholar. Devecseri’s volume <italic>Crickets of Epidaurus, Sing</italic> (<italic>Epidauroszi tücskök, szóljatok</italic>) is actually a collection, condensed into the history of four trips: three to Greece and one to Italy. The present study examines the characteristics of these two perspectives, namely, the Western vs. the Eastern, the classic scholar’s vs. the scholarly poet’s using the contexts of travelogues and cultural memory as a point of departure. While for Kerényi, travel is a natural way of life, Devecseri travels and uses his idea based on his reading experiences as starting points. In the texts of both authors, we are confronted with both the archival and the current way of life of cultural memory.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-17T00:00:00.000+00:00An investigation of the reading culture: the role of libraries to promote reading culture in Pakistan<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The library’s goal is to promote the culture of reading. Not only does the library promote the culture of reading, but also it facilitates access to books for those who love reading. Thus, through the library, its visitors can enjoy not only their lives, but also it allows them to spend their time intellectually. This program has been designed to help people discover the joy of the written word. The primary goal of fostering a love of reading among library patrons is to make it an enjoyable and rewarding pastime. As a result, it is critical to raise awareness about the value of reading for pleasure rather than only learning material for tests and encourage students to make reading a habit. Library Week, which is held each year during the academic session in high school, is one of the ways that libraries can help spread the word about the importance of reading and healthy reading culture. The relevant literature has been assessed in light of the topic by searching both published and unpublished relevant research works. Tylor and Francis Group, ERIC, Emerald, Elsevier, LISA, LISTA, ProQuest Research papers, and Wiley Online Library are addressed as relevant databases. The current study’s findings may also aid in better planning school library services and dealing with the required, complicated, and ever-increasing requirements for book selection, acquisition, and integration. The findings are also aid in the modification and enhancement of educational policy.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-17T00:00:00.000+00:00A model of subtitling training in university education<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of the paper is to propose a model of subtitling training in the university education of future subtitlers in the study programmes French Language and Culture and German Language and Culture. The authors briefly define the tradition of training in audiovisual translation (AVT) in Slovakia (Perez, 2017; Paulínyová &amp; Perez, 2018) compared to the international development of training in AVT (Díaz-Cintas, 2008), including the presentation of the French and German courses on audiovisual translation currently proposed at the Department of Translation Studies at Constantine the Philosopher University in Nitra, Slovakia. The proposed model is based on the constructivist concept emphasizing the principles of cooperation, interaction, and social learning (Mraček, 2015; Mračková Vavroušová, 2017; Kiraly, 2000), while using simulated translation (subtitling) assignments which seem to be an effective tool in the training of future subtitlers in accordance with the needs and requirements of the real translation market. Authors describe individual phases of teaching subtitling which they applied in the French and German courses on audiovisual translation, and subsequently evaluate the quality of student subtitles by analysing their error rate according to the FAR model (Pedersen, 2017). The presented model can serve as a didactic tool applicable in teaching other types of translation as well (dubbing, literary translation, specialized translation etc).</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00Didactic and pedagogical dimensions of Igbo oral children’s songs<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>There is a sharp decline in the performance of Igbo oral songs by children in recent times. Unlike in the days gone, children of nowadays rarely gather in groups in the evenings or during moonlight nights to play and perform some dramatic and musical renditions which are informal forms of education. Parents now encourage their children to watch home-movies and some channel programmes in the comfort of their homes; they encourage them to embark more on some in-door games while advancing security reasons as the basis for not allowing them to participate in various forms of open communal recreation. Such attitude deprives children of the essential moralistic and educational values expected to be imbibed from the rendition of native songs in playful groups. This paper which is based on a fieldwork carried out in 2018 in Umuawuchi, an Igbo community in Imo State Nigeria, investigates the instructional values of Igbo oral children’s songs. Reiterating the moral-imparting attributes of Igbo children’s songs, the paper applies Performance Theory to investigate the thematic standpoints of Igbo children’s songs while gauging the extent to which they can be applied to impart and extrapolate on key moral values of the Igbo. The paper restates certain measures that can be activated to incorporate children’s songs into mainstream educational and mass-communication media to avert the complete loss of such rich literary repertoires.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00Basic pillars of the concept and strategy of teaching Slovak language and Slovak literature in primary schools with Hungarian as the language of instruction<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Slovak language and Slovak literature is a specific subject in schools with Hungarian as the language of instruction and occupies a leading place in the hierarchy of subjects. Its specific role is determined by the fact that Slovak language has the status of a state language in the Slovak Republic, it is the language of the majority, a means of communication, i.e. a tool for communication for citizens of Hungarian nationality with citizens of other nationalities in the Slovak Republic and at the same time it is a second (specific target) language in schools with Hungarian as the language of instruction. Social requirements are taken into account when planning the curriculum and the educational process. Children and pupils of citizens belonging to national minorities and ethnic groups are guaranteed the right to learn the state language. The educational process in schools with the language of instruction of nationalities is carried out in accordance with the instrument of ratification of the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. The importance of being able to speak the majority language by members of minorities is supported by a number of European recommendations.</p> <p>The paper deals with the concept and strategy of teaching Slovak language and Slovak literature as well as its central position: helping the overall personal development of students, acquiring habits of good behaviour, especially in the field of speech, positively influencing the development of language-analogous abilities, the development of feelings connected with the language, creativity and positive attitudes towards Slovak language.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00An exploration of Chinese students’ perceived barriers to effective intercultural communication<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Chinese students nowadays have more opportunities to engage in interactions with people from different cultures, but meanwhile, their performance in authentic intercultural communications may be impeded by a variety of barriers. In this study, we qualitatively explored and summarized various types of barriers of intercultural communication as perceived by 40 Chinese students, based on Rozkwitalska’s (2010) model. The findings revealed a series of universal barriers that coincided previous studies (e.g., lack of confidence, shyness, feelings of remoteness, nonproficient use of functional language), and enriched Rozkwitalska’s (2010) model with newly identified barriers (e.g., lack of stress tolerance, self-centered communication, protection of face, discrepant performance concerning SES and age). Our study examined intercultural communications in a more comprehensive manner and made an attempt to develop a well-established, coherent frame of theory-building in international education research. Practical implications for educators and schools are discussed.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00Metamorphoses of the conceptualization of SPORT in audio-visual translation<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Due to the interrelation with culture, politics, economy and other major spheres of social life, SPORT discourse occupies quite a significant part of a modern society, therefore, the analysis of SPORT metaphors is important and necessary. The research of conceptual metaphor within the framework of translation studies is a relatively new and unexplored field in Lithuanian linguistics. Since SPORT metaphors are especially popular in political communication, the cases where sport in public discourse is considered as a visualization of policies and related areas are frequently investigated. The aim of the research was to reveal translation strategies used for the translation of SPORT metaphors from English to Lithuanian in audiovisual discourse related to SPORT. The research revealed that four translation strategies, namely: word for word translation, substitution, paraphrase, complete omission and retention were employed by the translators. The results of the research also demonstrated, that the most frequent source domain for the sport metaphors was WAR, which was the most frequently preserved using word for word translation strategy. In the case of other translation strategies, either the source domain was substituted in the translated text, or, in the majority of cases, the metaphorization was escaped. The target domain SPORT was represented similarly in both the source and the target languages, either implicitly by a larger context, or explicitly by lexical units containing a semantic element “related to SPORT”. The research revealed that while choosing the translation strategy for the translation of conceptual metaphors, three key factors should be taken into consideration, such as cultural, cognitive and sociological factors.</p> <p>Conceptual metaphors are an inseparable part of SPORT and they reveal in what terms SPORT can be defined in a particular culture. In order to understand how conceptual metaphors are perceived and what ideas are conveyed it is necessary to analyse the way they are transferred from the source culture to the target one.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00Colour idioms in linguocultural comprehension of implicit meaning in the English and Azerbaijani languages<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The article deals with the comprehension of colour idioms in English and Azerbaijani in the linguacultural world. Above all, the paper covers the definition of idioms and various approaches by prominent English and Azerbaijani linguists; presents classification of idioms namely, semantically and structurally. Furthermore, syntactical study of constituents comprising colour idioms is being considered in the compared languages.</p> <p>This article also discusses the implicit nature of colour idioms in English and Azerbaijani. As the title of the paper suggests, the term “implicit meaning” – the meaning that may not be obvious for the speakers of foreign languages - is also being considered in the article. The research work mainly analyses common colour idioms found in the English and Azerbaijani languages. The collected data are being studied on two aspects: analysis of colour idioms that coincides structurally and semantically both in English and Azerbaijani, as well as analysis of colour idioms that do not have semantic or structural equivalents in the compared languages.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00Meaning equivalence issue of English and Lithuanian terms of finance<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The intensification of language contacts has led to increasing problems of compliance between terms in different languages in the translation of subject-specific texts. Dictionaries are the main tool in clarifying term meanings and trying to find the most appropriate version which could be perceived by the representatives of different languages equally. More accurate dissemination and usage of the term equivalent allows the addressee (recipient) to better comprehend the contents of the language. Not only are meaning explanation and consistency of definition formulation significant aspects in compiling bilingual dictionaries but also determination of term equivalents. Although terms of economics have old traditions in various languages, it is possible to notice the cases of meaning discrepancy and different perception. The choice and usage of appropriate term remain crucial in communicating about various finance-related operations. The more accurate and clearer the term the better perception of the subtleties of other language. The purpose of this article is to determine the extent to which the concepts of a semantic group representing finance are equivalent, i. e. how similar and different their features are in English and Lithuanian. The research revealed that the majority of the analysed terms are partially equivalent in both languages. Hence, partial equivalents and surrogates in particular may cause confusion and discrepancy in term meaning perception.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00Black Resistance in John Steinbeck’s and Toni Morrison ’s<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This paper aims to demonstrate how black resistance is alive in John Steinbeck’s <italic>Of Mice and Men</italic> and Morrison’s <italic>God Help the Child</italic> respectively. It equally emphasizes that Booker and Crooks, the characters through which the two Authors have typified the enormous misery of black-skinned people, attempt to resist racism through knowledge and self-pride. Foremost, racism is one of the most nefarious acts that both Crooks and Booker suffer from. Crooks dwells in the stable with all the animals of the ranch. Likewise, Booker witnesses’ racism in the indifference of cops to search his disappeared brother because he is a black kid. Plus, Booker is grown up in a warm familial ambiance surrounded by his father, mother, and siblings. The parents consider reading books as the most suitable means which can polish and refine their children’s minds. On the other side, Crooks, the sharp-witted black man who is in charge of the barn in the ranch, entertain himself by reading a lot of books. Moreover, self-pride is depicted clearly when Booker ends up with his girlfriend Bride when he figures out that she goes to help Sofia Huxley that was thrown in jail for fifteen years for a crime she perpetrates against children. Similarly, Crooks scowls and explodes in Lennie’s face to leave his room as a counter reaction to his exclusion from playing cards with whites in the bunkhouse.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00Resilience of beginning and advanced teachers in managing various changes in their profession<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The paper is devoted to obtaining information on the resilience of kindergarten and primary school teachers. In the research, special attention was paid to beginning teachers, who we thought were more likely to be less resilient than teachers with longer experience. The research sample consisted of teachers of selected kindergartens and primary schools throughout the Czech Republic. The aim of the research was to find out whether there are differences in resilience between selected groups of teachers due to the current pandemic situation that each teacher had to deal with. Analysis of the data in the research revealed that beginning teachers have different rates of resilience compared to advanced teachers. No statistically significant differences were found in resilience between kindergarten and primary school teachers.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2022-02-02T00:00:00.000+00:00Teaching degree students´ experience of teaching practice<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The study is focussed on perception of teaching practices by pre-service teachers in preschool and primary education university programmes. Further, the study analysed the reality shock that occurred in these students during teaching practice. The sample consisted of 41 students in preschool education programmes, while 54 students followed the primary-level education programme. The data collection methods were student portfolios and student diaries from teaching practice. In the portfolios it was possible to analyse the activities, opinions, attitudes and products of student practice. Diaries reported students’ feelings and everyday experience in the schools. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyse the data. Two significant findings were obtained, i.e., supervising teachers’ frequent unprofessional behaviour towards student teachers, and the somatic and emotional exhaustion of students.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-14T00:00:00.000+00:00The positive benefits of the practical application of the simulation software<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The research, related to innovation has been in a focus of academics for a long time. In the current study, the authors present the positive benefits of applying an innovative teaching method, based on primary research, applying a questionnaire-based survey. They targeted to examine how a business simulation software modifies the labour market efficiency of university students. The respondents consider themselves to be least competitive in terms of self-confidence and an initiative ability. Both skills can be developed as a result of the application of the business simulation software.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-14T00:00:00.000+00:00Corpus-based analysis of semi-automatically extracted artificial intelligence-related terminology<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Artificial Intelligence (AI), as a multidisciplinary field, combines computer science, robotics and cognitive science, with increasingly growing applications in many diverse areas, such as engineering, business, medicine, weather forecasting, industry, translation, natural language, linguistics, etc. In Europe, interest in AI has been rising in the last decade. One of the greatest hurdles for researchers in automated processing of technical documentation is large amounts of specific terminology. The aim of this research is to analyse the semi-automatically extracted artificial intelligence-related terminology and the most common phrases related to artificial intelligence in English and Lithuanian in terms of their structure, multidisciplinarity and connotation. For selection and analysis of terms, two programmes were chosen in this study, namely <italic>SynchroTerm</italic> and <italic>SketchEngine</italic>. The paper presents the outcomes of an AI terminological project carried out with <italic>SynchroTerm</italic> and provides an analysis of a special corpus compiled in the field of artificial intelligence using the <italic>SketchEngine</italic> platform. The analysis of semi-automatic term extraction use and corpus-based techniques for artificial intelligence-related terminology revealed that AI as a specialized domain contains multidisciplinary terminology, and is complex and dynamic. The empiric data shows that the context is essential for the evaluation of the concept under analysis and reveals the different connotation of the term.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-14T00:00:00.000+00:00The need for integration of reading, critical thinking and academic reading skills: a quantitative analysis of Slovak undergraduates’ reading performance<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Based on recent research (Alderson, 2005; Khalifa and Weir, 2009), this study focuses on three areas of reading comprehension necessary for a successful academic career: general L2 EFL reading skills, more specific academic reading skills and critical thinking and reading. The study presents an analysis of quantitative research conducted in 2020, based on a sample of Slovak undergraduate students reading an academic text in English as L2 in EFL CLIL-formatted classes in humanities.</p> <p>The respondents’ general reading skills were analysed in the context of their critical reading skills and academic preparedness. When tested for general reading skills, respondents were asked to identify implicit and explicit information and the gist of the text. Academic abilities were tested via the ability to identify the attributes of an academic text, such as the system of references, rational and logical language and causeeffect type of argumentation, which indicated the author and genre of the text. In order to evaluate participants’ critical skills with a focus on the social aspects of the text, respondents were asked to identify the importance of the text for themselves and for their community and life. The participants’ mean scores and differences in their performances on each task type were compared using descriptive statistics, and multiple analysis of variance. The results suggest that the general reading skills of university undergraduates in Slovakia are adequate, however, more difficulty was encountered with implicit, rather than explicit, tasks. Students also need to improve their critical reading skills and reading for academic purposes. The research outcomes highlight the need to hone the education of future linguists to the new needs of a more text-based society.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-14T00:00:00.000+00:00The Shift to a Queer Pedagogy in the Italian-Language Classroom<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Instructors of Italian are tasked with teaching not only the language, but also the culture. However, critical matters such as sexual identity are frequently not addressed in the Italian-language classroom. Current Italian-language pedagogy solely focuses on language-acquisition proficiency via heteronormative discourses, ignoring the more-diverse reality of Italian culture. This article aims to showcase how using a queer pedagogy based on queer theory can affect learners’ language acquisition and understanding of Italian culture. I used memoing and personal experiences as an Italian instructor to analyse the related literature. I propose that current pedagogy and curricula silence the lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgenderquestioning/queer-intersex-asexual (LGBTQIA+) community, causing exclusion, anxiety and sometimes harassment from others. Open discussion through queer pedagogy would create critical conversations, allowing for the inclusion of all learners and topics. Italian instructors should promote these conversations, question the standard Italian-language pedagogy and use materials that are inclusive of LGBTQIA+ members.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-12-14T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1