rss_2.0Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Educationhttps://sciendo.com/journal/CPLBUhttps://www.sciendo.comBalkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education 's Coverhttps://sciendo-parsed-data-feed.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/60075c6bfd113962cb04bd2c/cover-image.jpg?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20220525T001633Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=604800&X-Amz-Credential=AKIA6AP2G7AKDOZOEZ7H%2F20220525%2Feu-central-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=66ada899635893d2309a494e24e985511456c709b41cc99f13ee0937dbeb8dd5200300Engineering Studies in Poland: Gender Patternhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0052<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Modern economy requires knowledge and skills, which are acquired by future employees mostly in the fields of education including science and engineering. The increase in the number of graduates in this type of studies can be achieved in different ways, one of which is to create conditions and increase the propensity of women to obtain this type of education. The aim of the research presented in the article is to analyse long-term trends in the number of students and graduates in Poland, with particular emphasis on engineering faculties and the participation of women. Authors using dispersion and structural similarity measures and dynamic models showed that the total number of students and graduates and the number of students in engineering studies are characterised by different patterns. At the same time, in both cases a different structure of total students and engineers by gender was observed, as well as a growing share of women.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Virtual Engagement: A Nexus Between Internationalisation and Decolonisation of the Curriculum in the PEESA III Project?https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0005<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Internationalisation and decolonisation are both prominent issues currently being discussed in South African Higher Education institutions. There is a strong impetus for decolonisation of curriculum design, development and delivery. Experience with the implementation of Collaborative Online International Learning at Durban University of Technology (DUT) has demonstrated that this approach to has immense potential for transformation of learning and teaching. The broader concepts of e-internationalisation and Virtual Engagement allow for even greater flexibility in fostering international collaboration, and opportunities for decolonisation of the curriculum. This paper briefly discusses internationalisation and decolonisation in general and at DUT specifically, and explores the opportunities that VE offers to address these imperatives in the implementation of the Personalised Engineering Education (PEESA) III Project.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00New Curriculum Development in Operations Managementhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0006<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Operations management is growing in importance as an advanced studies discipline in Business and Management Schools and Departments. The structured masters program has particular appeal to working professionals with a business or engineering background. Structured masters programs in different areas of Management will serve as vital training for a young South African population preparing to engage in the 4<sup>th</sup> industrial revolution. Communication advances, particularly in information technology, have escalated the use of online and blended approaches to curriculum delivery. This research focuses on the design and implementation plan of a structured operations management program at the Masters level. It draws on an analysis of existing taught Masters programs at Tshwane University of Technology as well as an examination of best practices on an international level. This study also considers how the 4<sup>th</sup> industrial revolution should be addressed through curriculum content and delivery. Alternatives are presented regarding the best approach, considering time and resource restrictions.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00An Innovative Game-Based Approach for Teaching Urban Sustainabilityhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0040<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>This paper is based on SUSTAIN, an ERASMUS+ project with an innovative perspective on urban transportation, and its target is to promote the importance of sustainability on the everyday problem of urban transportation among the students of higher education (and not only), who are the policy makers of tomorrow. In order to achieve its goals, the research team is currently developing a course that will be based on an interactive serious board game with an analytical style of education. SUSTAIN’s purpose is to create a game that will allow students to learn about transportation sustainability and societal metabolism through playing. The project partners develop small and illustrative simulation models, which will make the definitions more concrete and allow students to experiment largely in a consequence-free environment. The simulation models can be used to identify scenario exemplars on how we can achieve sustainable urban transportation and consequently a balanced societal metabolism, while on the same time taking into account formal decision making processes. In this paper, we are going to explain a Stocks ---amp--- Flows Diagram for the above mentioned model, with a system dynamics approach.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Development and Implementation of Master Programme in Smart Transport and Logistics for Citieshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0011<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The existing Master programs in Ukraine are based on separate branches of transport systems. The general approach used was to isolate and hence to study the single elements and to neglect the relationships between them within the whole analysis systems. Therefore, the developed educational modules, based on smart technology and environment (which exploit these neglected relationships) have not yet presented in the current curricula of Ukrainian Master programmes in transport systems. In this context, the paper presents the upgrading process of Master curriculum, designed and implemented in O.M. Beketov National University within the E+-KA2-CHBE Programme. In particular, how the local conditions and needs as well as the results of the international reviews on which the curricula were built are described. Finally, some indications for process transferability are provided.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Simulation-Based Learning, an Essential Tool for Control Process in Food Engineering Educationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0046<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Simulation-based learning has become an essential tool for food engineers in education and industry. The students from food engineering higher education usually have difficulties to understand abstract concepts of the process control, to make links among microbiology, biochemistry and automation of the technological process from food industry. The present paper describes a methodology for teaching the process control by developing a control level process using simulation-based learning. The used of this metode highlighted that the students developed competence toward “thinking like a scientist”, developed argumentation and critical decision-making skills and reinforced research-planning and experimental design skills.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Collaborative Service-Learning Partnerships between Government, Community and University for Implementing Social Changehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0036<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Community Engagement, the third pillar of Higher Education, requires South African universities to engage in projects that benefit society. Service-Learning, a form of community engagement, is a powerful pedagogical tool that lends itself to the enrichment of diversity and conceptualisation of innovative curriculum activities towards the positive transformation of students, academic staff and the broader society. Meaningful government and community partnerships are assets for universities who strive for relevant engagement with communities. In Service-Learning triad partnerships, the government, university and community stakeholders collaboratively conceptualise Service-Learning projects. These partnerships are composed of representatives from diverse institutional cultures and individual backgrounds. Through Participatory Action Research (PAR), the systems approach is applied to understand and critically examine the interconnectedness between the aims and objectives of government, community and the university. Service-Learning partnerships can be viewed as a powerful tool for actualizing community development strategies; moving these from policy to implementation in communities. This paper encourages universities to build meaningful partnerships with external stakeholders through service-learning projects. By engaging actively with their partners, universities could strengthen their Service-Learning initiatives and partnerships.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Neural Networks in the Educational Sector: Challenges and Opportunitieshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0039<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Given their increasing diffusion, deep learning networks have long been considered an important subject on which teaching efforts should be concentrated, to support a fast and effective training. In addition to that role, the availability of rich data coming from several sources underlines the potential of neural networks used as an analysis tool to identify critical aspects, plan upgrades and adjustments, and ultimately improve learning experience. Analysis and forecasting methods have been widely used in this context, allowing policy makers, managers and educators to make informed decisions. The capabilities of recurring neural networks—in particular Long Short-Term Memory networks—in the analysis of natural language have led to their use in measuring the similarity of educational materials. Massive Online Open Courses provide a rich variety of data about the learning behaviors of online learners. The analysis of learning paths provides insights related to the optimization of learning processes, as well as the prediction of outcomes and performance. Another active area of research concerns the recommendation of suitable personalized, adaptive, learning paths, based on varying sources, including even the tracing of eye-path movements. In this way, the transition from passive learning to active learning can be achieved. Challenges and opportunities in the application of neural networks in the educational sector are presented.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Conducting a Graduate Tracer Study at a University of Technology: a Quest to Enhance the Learning Experiencehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0002<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The university is a complex open system with a range of stakeholders each with a variety of (different) expectations. It is important for universities to be aware of these expectations and to ensure that they are achievable (Ulewicz 2017:93). Universities are key role players in improving employability and to enhance economic growth. They are preparing students with the knowledge and skills required for the contemporary labour market (Tran 2016, 58-59) and should respond to governments’ neoliberal pressures in finding ways to address the requirements of the labour market and to apply mechanisms to safeguard their graduates from unemployment. Vaal University of Technology (VUT) in South Africa, conducted a Tracer Study to gather information on graduate’s experience and to evaluate their abilities and skills as employees. This is important as knowledge of the outcomes of the educational experience forms the basis for quality enhancement.</p><p>This presentation focuses on tracer studies as mechanisms to enhance programme quality and will reflect on the methodology that VUT followed, how the results inform the development of institutional remedial action plans and lessons learnt. This study may contribute to the dearth of research available on tracer studies in the sector.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00The Emerging Role of New Technologies in Vocational Educationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0009<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The paper presents some essential tools in the field of 3D modelling for vocational education. The purpose of vocational training is to adequately prepare students for the needs of the industry. Over the last decade, the appearance of low-cost virtual reality (VR) technology has enabled it to be deployed across a broad range of educational institutions. VR as a system allows intuitive human-computer interaction and offers great benefits in many application areas important for educational process. In this paper, two VR studies in educational field were compared.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Cross-Sectional Competences For 4.0-Mindsets In VEThttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0037<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The present world of work and the private life world are constantly changing. This digital transformation is due to Megatrends, to manure in buzzwords like Industry 4.0, computerization or digitization. Although this developements are slowly becoming apparent, it seems to be clear that future work environments are also becoming more complex. In order to be able to act and shape competently, it is necessary to strengthen the cross-sectional competences of current and future workers and VET-students. This article is a plea for the didactic design and implementation of such cross-sectional competences in the educational practice: Netcompetence can be a sustainable construct for the holistic strengthening of VET students, skilled workers and the human being in a 4.0-world.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Emotional Intelligence as a Support for Professional Development in Engineering Educationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0017<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Engineering education is an expanding field due to the globalization of the engineering profession. Such globalization is driven by the evolution of both the engineering sciences by themselves as well as the evolution of technology and the professional environment.</p><p>Approaching emotional intelligence as a support for professional development in engineering education is analyzed as a potentiation of necessary competences and abilities for academic performance in the engineering education environment as well as for reaching a high level of engineering professional performance in a diverse social context.</p><p>The article includes an analysis of the current state in the field of theory and scientific investigation of emotional intelligence as it is relevant for engineering education. Such an analysis has been developed by using the morphological matrix of ideas by associating the conceptual dimensions of emotional intelligence with human factors that are relevant for engineering education.</p><p>Based on the conclusions developed by the use of this instrument there have been developed possible scientific investigation objectives that are in coordination with the proposed theme.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Immigrants and Asylum Seekers’ Digital Entrepreneurship Competence: Evaluation of the Theoretical Frameworkhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0047<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The article reveals the concept of digital entrepreneurship and its framework for education of immigrants and asylum seekers in Baltic Sea countries. The research has been carried out in the boundaries of the Nordplus Adult project with participation of partner organisations from Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Sweden. As stated in the article, digital entrepreneurship is supposed to be one of the opportunities in promoting successful integration of immigrants and asylum seekers into labour market. Therefore, by supporting the development of entrepreneurship as an integral part of adult education, and modelling new methods of combining new digital technologies and entrepreneurship education it is intended to help both immigrants and asylum seekers to acquire relevant competence for successful integration into labour markets. The article’s purpose is to disclose the relevance of digital entrepreneurship as a new competence of immigrants and asylum seekers with respect to their needs for successful integration into the socio-economic situation of a host country. The method of data collection was interview with experts. The experts found the efficiency of the framework important to some degree. In the experts’ opinion, educational goals based on the framework are achievable. However, diversity of the target group could be a risky factor.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00A Novel User Interface for Knowledge Base Browsinghttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0045<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Intuitive user interfaces have been of great concern for GUI developers. The current research, who deals with their designing, faces the term <bold>intuitive</bold> constantly. The main question is how can the Interface be intuitive? For the moment, the researchers try to provide a very intuitive generic user interface that can be used in a variety of applications. In this paper we provide a solution that can model any applied ontology into a honeycomb menu. The hexagonal shape of the honeycomb has attracted the attention of humans for centuries. As a relevant consequence, the final user can browse any knowledge base very easily with the aid of this interface. Another useful feature is that programmers can take full advantage of semantic web technologies which can tailor results based on any knowledge base that is feed as input, without any need for code change, thus leading towards a panacea system.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00The Use of Financial Products in Liquidity Risk Management by SMEshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0032<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Risk, which is inherent to any business activity, is an issue that should be considered as early as at its conceptual stage and the very idea of its creation. The awareness of its existence and effective risk management is one of the factors which decide whether an organization will prosper or not. Control over possible risks can be exercised in several ways, one of which is outsourcing of risk to other market participants, such as financial institutions. This option is not a widespread solution in the Polish market, which may be due to low awareness among managers in the field of both risk identification and diversification. In the era of entrepreneurial economy, SMEs, which account for 99.8% of the European population and generate about 50% of GDP, having a significant impact on international trade, should become the primary addressees of training and education initiatives to inform them about risks and possibilities of their mitigation. The purpose of the article is to indicate financial services, mainly factoring, offered by money market institutions as an opportunity to improve current financial liquidity of enterprises, and to demonstrate the importance of education in adequate understanding and promotion of those solutions.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Training Concept for Raising Awareness and Building Skills for the low Carbon Economyhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0029<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Decarbonization and achieving a low carbon economy and lifestyle are important goals for the next generations of young people. The concept proposed in this paper aims to introduce the Romanian students, on a voluntary bases, to the field of climate change mitigation through decarbonization, by organizing a series of workshops and trainings. We will address topics like renewable energy, circular economy, zero waste systems, cleaner production, new resources, innovation management and smart solutions. The participants to the events of the project are intended to become “message bearers” and to act as change agents in their future work places. A community will be formed in the virtual environment (Facebook page, email group, Twitter account, YouTube channel) with all the persons involved in the activities of the project, that will permit the continuation of information and good practices exchange.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Investigation on the Possibility of Designing an Educational Dynamic Light Scattering Device for Sizing Particles Suspended in Airhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0018<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>If a light beam meets a fluid that contains scattering centers randomly distributed in suspension, light is scattered by each of them. If the light source is coherent, the scattered waves will be also coherent, therefore they will interfere. The fluctuations of the far-field interference signal, once recorded and digitized, become a time series that can be later on analyzed to produce the average size of the suspended particles or the size distribution. The technique wears the name of Dynamic Light Scattering. We present the results of our investigation on the possibility of using an educational model, made of low-cost, conventional electronics, for recording the time signal of light scattered by particles suspended in the air as the carrier fluid. The device can be used in measuring the particle size in exhaust gases of conventional power plants or automobile engines.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Incorporation of Practice Based Approach into Engineering Education at Master Level: Analysis of Needs of Teaching staff at Cape Peninsula University of Technology within PEESA III Projecthttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0021<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Company’s work, growth and development are facilitated by the synergy between employee education and working. However, fresh employees who recently graduated from higher education institutions are often mismatched to their jobs due to their imbalances between skills offered or, in other words, education, and skills needed or, in other words, practice in the world of work. For bridging the gap between graduates’ skills and company’s needs, technical universities traditionally devote much time to students’ practical training. The aim of the present paper is to analyse scientific literature on practice based approach underpinning empirical study of needs of teaching staff within PEESA III Project for incorporation of practice based approach into engineering education at master level in South Africa. The data was collected through focus group interview at Cape Peninsula University of Technology in May 2019. The findings of the present research are that university teachers’ experience in practice based approach at universities in South Africa has to be enriched. The following research question has been formulated: How to organize a teacher professional development within teacher training for effective incorporation of practice based approach into engineering education at master level in South Africa? Directions of further research are formulated.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Preannouncement of New Products: Overcoming Individual Adoption Barriershttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0020<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>The launch of innovative products very often encounters adoption barriers of consumers. A suitable communication with consumers is the new product preannouncement (NPP). It helps reduce adoption barriers and accelerates the adoption process. It is an important communication instrument for innovative SMEs. After defining NPP, the paper analyses the content structure of the main components contained in NPP from a consumer point of view. Based on the analysis of existing literature the authors found that there were only a few studies on the properties and quality of information communicated in NPP that influence a successful market launch of product innovations. Above all there is a lack of studies on NPP content in terms of a successful market launch of product innovations. The following analysis of the main NPP components enables to derive recommendations for SMEs on the communication policy for preannouncements and launching product innovations in order to reduce individual adoption barriers.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00Effective strategies in new curricula development at Higher Education Institutions in South Africahttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/cplbu-2020-0004<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Re-curriculation is currently the most talked about topic in Higher Education in South Africa because of the new Higher Education Qualification Sub-Framework alignment process required by all Higher Education Institutions. However, the lecturer in the classroom, especially new lecturers, are also faced with the task of designing the actual curricula of a subject once the new qualification is to be implemented, in terms of achieving the aims and objectives of the subject area. In other words, ensuring that the outcomes of the subject are achieved by the student. Ideally all lecturers at institutions of higher learning should develop strategies for their “own” curricula. Developing the aforementioned strategies might be challenging to first time lecturers. The methodologies of developing a new qualification and strategies for building curricula is discussed in this paper are different curriculum planning methods and strategies. The aforementioned strategies are focusing on students, mentoring, supportive tools such as software programmes, feedback and assessments. The findings of this paper are proper curricula development to enhance the ability to understand, recall and apply information. The main objective is to use proper curricula development to empower students with a diversity of cultures to understand the material presented by the lecturer. This paper concludes that curricula planning should allow students to be given space to grow and interact and ultimately attain deep life-long learning.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2020-05-04T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1