rss_2.0Central and Eastern European Review FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Central and Eastern European Review and Eastern European Review 's Cover Note from 2014: Central and Eastern European Review. Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 129–150, ISSN (Online) 1752-7503, DOI: 10.2478/caeer-2014-0007, December 2014 the Metrica and Problems Interpreting Russian Histories. Recent Titles Reviewed Affairs. Recent Titles Reviewed Deepest Strand. Isiah Berlin and the Intellectual History of Russia<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p>Isaiah Berlin’s essays on the nineteenth-century Russian intelligentsia throw light not only on their subject – the role of that group in preparing the ideational ground for the coming revolutions – but more broadly on Berlin’s central philosophical preoccupations and historiographical and hermeneutical assumptions and method. I try to show this – the centrality to his overall project of Berlin’s work on the Russians – by contextualising that work within the broader framework of his philosophical and historical thought.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2021-01-26T00:00:00.000+00:00The Conflicts of Identity: Nationalism in Post-Yugoslavian Macedonia<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> This article looks at the challenges faced by Macedonia in creating a national identity since independence. After briefly reviewing the region’s history since the 7th century, the revolt for independence at the end of the 19th century, the interwar period when it was part of Serbia, and the Yugoslav era when Macedonia first attained a separate political existence, the article addresses the challenges the Slav Macedonians faced in creating an identity for the new state. Some of those challenges came from Serbia and Bulgaria, which claimed that the Macedonian Slavs were actually part of their respective nations, and from Greece, which objected to the symbols and the name they had adopted. The greatest resistance inside Macedonia to an exclusively Slavic national identity, however, came from the Albanian community, located mainly in the eastern reaches of the country and in Skopje. An unwillingness to share power or to make concessions by the Slav nationalists eventually resulted in armed insurrection by the Albanians in 2001. Though the Ohrid Accords signed the same year ended the fighting, tension between the two communities has continued on and off until the present, despite some examples of peaceful coexistence.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00The League of Nations and Armenian Refugees. The Formation of the Armenian Diaspora in Syria<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> The League of Nations played an important role in securing the Armenian community after the 1915 genocide of Armenians in Ottoman Turkey. Nonetheless, the Armenian Question, which had a definite political accent during the First and Second Assembly of the League of Nations, remained unresolved. Afterwards, the League reformulated its policy towards the Armenian case, which involved an explicit shift from a political to a humanitarian point of view. </p><p>The humanitarian actions had a number of different aspects: the liberation of the Armenian Genocide survivors from Turkish and Islamic institutions, the provision of Nansen passports to Armenian refugees, the settlement of Armenian refugees in Soviet Armenia and the establishment of Armenian communities in Syria and Lebanon.</p><p>This article touches upon these initiatives, concentrating on the settlement of the Armenians in Syria. The League of Nations elaborated a massive program for the settlement of Armenian refugees there, which laid a foundation for the establishment of the huge Armenian diaspora in that country.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Reviews. Focus: The Balkans and Post-Communism Curious Chasidic Pilgrimage to Lelov, Poland<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> This paper discusses a Chasidic pilgrimage movement focused on Lelov, which lies south of Cracow. Pilgrimage has always been a major part of Jewish tradition, but for many years during the Cold War it was possible only for a devoted few to return to Poland. With the collapse of Communism, however, pilgrimage sites in Central and Eastern Europe have become much more accessible and consequently ultra-orthodox Jews have created a ‘return movement’.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00The Life of Edith Durham Policy and the National Innovation System a case study from Poland<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> The article explores the main elements of the creation a proinnovation policy in Poland as a new case of public policy. It analyses the current status of proinnovation policy in Poland and the relationships implicit in the Polish National Innovation System. The findings support the conclusion that Polish proinnovation policy and the system through which it is enacted are at an early stage of development which is characteristic of co-called ‘catching-up’ countries. The findings show that there is a need for the strategic and holistic management of this type of sub-functional system to enable it to support SMEs in the development of their capacity for innovation. This should include a wide range of public and private institutions in the context of multi-stage governance.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Eurasianism and the Far Right in Central and Southeast Europe<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> This article focuses on Eurasianism as an ideological trend with a political appeal beyond the post-Soviet space. It demonstrates that the roles envisioned for the ‘Trojan horses’ of Eurasianism among the far right in Central/Southeast Europe and for Eurasianism’s sympathizers in Western Europe bear a qualitative difference. In the former case, the emphasis is on systemic transformation whereas, in the latter case, on a gradualist strategy.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Journalism as a means to Reconciliation. Paul Schiemann’s Essays 1919–20<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> Paul Schiemann was one of the most significant ethnic Germans left outside the German state by the post-First World War peace settlement. As editor of Rigasche Rundschau and an active politician in the new Latvian state, he was well placed both to comment on developments in the political life of the Baltic region and to attempt to work towards responses to them. This article focuses specifically on his journalism during the critical years 1919-20. As the Latvian state was forming against a background of considerable on-going violence and instability, Schiemann disseminated consistently a call for reconciliation between Latvia’s mutually suspicious national groups. The paper examines the compelling arguments he used.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2014-12-30T00:00:00.000+00:00Errata Eastern Europe Reviews’s List<p>Drawing on works of literature, especially ones written by Dostoyevsky and Böll, this essay discusses Orwell’s decision, at the height of the Cold War, to inform against suspected Leftist sympathisers.</p>ARTICLE2019-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Headlines as Fake News: Discursive Deception in Serbia’s Daily (2012–2018)<p>Since the end of the wars of Yugoslav secession, and since Kosovo’s declaration of independence, the Balkans—Serbia included—have taken a back seat in academic research. Even though media freedoms have been severely stifled following the coming to power of Aleksandar Vučić in 2012, today’s Serbian media are still failing to become a topic for scholarly research. In this article, we scrutinize the daily <italic>Informer,</italic> the unofficial daily of Serbia’s strongman, president Vučić, via a discourse analysis of its headlines. As shall be shown, the <italic>Informer</italic> supports the reign of Aleksandar Vučić by framing him as a hero and martyr, fighting for the ‘people’, in a highly populist fashion, discursively painting the opposition in a highly negative light, as well as promoting warmongering and the idea that Serbia is surrounded by enemies. This is achieved via discursive deception, bases on assertive rhetoric, filled with exaggerations.</p>ARTICLE2019-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Narratives of Nationalism and the Conflict in Eastern Ukraine: Myth, Religion and Language<p>This paper offers a multidisciplinary approach to the study of the current armed conflict in Eastern Ukraine as a way of understanding the dispute and the failure of the warring parties to broker a lasting peace. It examines the ideological background to the conflict by considering the most significant historical myths that inform both sides, especially the myths surrounding the medieval state of Kievan Rus’, and the religious, political and linguistic elements of those myths that contribute to mutual misunderstanding and heightened tensions. What is demonstrated is that the myths of each side are structurally very similar: one set is the mirror image of the other (with corresponding labels interchanged). This symmetry helps to intensify and maintain inflamed confrontation, so that there is a pressing need to move beyond these myths, if a lasting peace is to be achieved.</p>ARTICLE2019-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Russia and Europe Cultural Components of a Crisis<p>Taking recent events in Ukraine as central, the article examines Russian identity as a reaction against its own construction of Western identity. In the process the piece argues that Russia and the West have fundamentally different ideas of law. In the West, power is constrained by law, but in Russia power is superior to it.</p>ARTICLE2019-02-23T00:00:00.000+00:00Tourism Two Reviews, Ideas Or Mere Coincidence? Considering the End of the Cold War In Material, Ideational and Coincidental Perspective<p> This article refers to debates explaining the end of the Cold War. It notes a variety of theoretical approaches but outlines two fundamental explanatory perspectives-the material and the ideational. The paper favours the ideational approach, and especially Gorbachev’s agency. Yet it underlines that the focus on agency does not automatically mean that an agent acted rationally and efficiently. The case of Gorbachev is a good illustration of partial reforms which were far from consistent. As a result, the article indicates a third, coincidental perspective which is necessary to an explanation of the end of the Cold War. It argues that elements of irrationality and coincidence cannot be ignored in the analysis of events accompanying the end of the bipolar rivalry. Finally, the paper formulates some conclusions about the rationality and predictability of contemporary international relations.</p>ARTICLE2018-01-23T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1