rss_2.0Scientific Bulletin FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Scientific Bulletinhttps://sciendo.com/journal/BSAFThttps://www.sciendo.comScientific Bulletin 's Coverhttps://sciendo-parsed-data-feed.s3.eu-central-1.amazonaws.com/60cc05bb4f660c6fc53f6297/cover-image.jpg?X-Amz-Algorithm=AWS4-HMAC-SHA256&X-Amz-Date=20210923T183159Z&X-Amz-SignedHeaders=host&X-Amz-Expires=604800&X-Amz-Credential=AKIA6AP2G7AKDOZOEZ7H%2F20210923%2Feu-central-1%2Fs3%2Faws4_request&X-Amz-Signature=7c093c12f55e3c2666f6436fc162ac536c280f19da1e58650e3e162f023d97e2200300Training of Professional Divers at the Underwater Polygonhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0009<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The underwater polygon for training of professional divers is a major multi-annual project of the Romanian Naval Forces, underway since 2020, as part of the EUNDC, in the European PESCO program. The paper presents the main challenges encountered in the development of the polygon and the constructive solutions resulting from the work of the research team of the Diving Center from Constanța.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Transformation of Higher Education Institutions into “Learning Organizations”https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0005<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>Military and civilian higher education institutions play a particularly important role in training future specialists. Changes in society, globalization, competitiveness, increased competition for human and financial resources are some of the factors that drive change within civilian higher education institutions and increase the pressure to achieve performance at an increasingly higher level. In the case of military higher education institutions, the pressure to achieve higher and higher performance is higher because, in addition to the factors that determine changes within civilian higher education institutions, there are also factors specific to the military environment, a dynamic environment, in constant transformation. In order to cope with change, to develop and increase the quality of the educational act, military and civilian higher education institutions must become “learning organizations”, becoming flexible, adaptable, involving teachers in achieving the proposed goals, using creativity, and their knowledge.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Study Regarding the Analysis of Mobile Defense at the Level of the Land Forceshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0010<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>From analysis of various doctrines belonging to NATO’s armies, some inconsistencies can be identified regarding the use of operational procedures, one of which concerning on mobile defense. Taking into consideration the importance of this defensive task at the level of Land Forces, the study aims to clarify the principles of its use by organic tactical military structures, respectively to identify doctrinal similarities and differences, analyzing in a comparative manner different doctrines of NATO Land Forces. Also, highlighting the operation phasing the operation specific to mobile defense is more than necessary for the present study.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Research on Increasing the Degree of Individual Protection against Bullets through the use of Ceramic Materialshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0006<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The protection of forces in the new world conflicts has become a particularly important issue for all the world’s armies. Therefore, ensuring an optimal level of protection, combined with maintaining freedom of movement in the tactical field has become a very important topic for research teams. This goal can be achieved by using materials in the protection of forces with a relatively low mass, but to ensure a substantial reduction in the kinetic energy of ballistic penetrators. In this paper are presented some considerations on how the ballistic penetration process is affected by the presence of ceramic materials.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Organizational Development Intervention on the Impact of COVID-19 on a Mental Health Medical Group in the USAhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0002<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>This inquiry concerns managerial adaptability and strategic planning of a mental health organization attempting to adapt to the marketplace and business disruption of COVID-19. The medical group has seen a noteworthy decreased in revenue of more than three-quarters (80 percent). It is for this reason, that it is imperative for the MHMG to carefully examine the presented issue and immediately strategize ways to address such issue. This analysis intends to review the literature and engage in action organizational development research to provide an understanding of the issue, its severity and spread as well as propose appropriate recommendations that could alleviate the business complexities that have been created by the pandemic.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Biomarketing: Understanding Brand Perception through Biological Process, and User-Friendly Materials and Platformshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0004<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The aim of this work is to provide a cogent review of biomarketing. This review work will pave the way for the study of how brand engagement and buying decision could be understood through the biological perspective by holistic and strategic marketing communications. The methods used was the mining of relevant literature and websites on marketing with perspective of biology. Biomarketing is an emerging discipline that traverse the fields of social and biological science. Biomarketing pose that the interactions between salespeople and customers can be studied from a biological perspective. The emerging research in marketing studies of buyer–seller interactions has explored the role of genes, hormones, and pleasure and pain processes. Clarity in health communication aid customer understanding of brand information. Future work in biomarketing field would be to investigate the mechanistic association of biomarkers in brain and blood of customers with the brand and the market benefits.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Cybersecurity Impacts for Artificial Intelligence use within Industry 4.0https://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0003<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>In today’s modern digitizing manufacturing landscape, new and emerging technologies can shape how an organization can compete, while others will view this as a necessity to survive as manufacturing has been identified as a critical infrastructure. Universities struggle to hire university professors that are adequately trained or willing to enter academia due to competitive salary offers in the industry. Meanwhile, the demand for fields such as Artificial Intelligence, data science, and cybersecurity continuously rises with no foreseeable drop in demand in the next several years. This results in organizations deploying technologies with an inadequate staff that understands what new cybersecurity risks they are introducing into the company. Examined are how organizations can potentially mitigate some of the risk associated with integrating these new technologies and developing their workforce to be better prepared for looming changes in technological skill need. With the over a 10 % growth in organizations deploying Artificial Intelligence, the current cybersecurity workforce needs are over half a million. A struggle to find a viable workforce this research paper aims to serve as a guide for Information Technology managers and senior management to foresee the cybersecurity risks that will result from the incorporation of these new technological advances into the organization.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Augmented Reality (AR): Disambiguated in the Telemedicine / Telehealth Spherehttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0001<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The world is navigating through unfamiliar and incomprehensible times – COVID-19, international economic crisis, and crumbling healthcare systems. The United States (US) healthcare industry is grappling with an increased workload and advancing digitization technological concerns. The failure of organizations to offer suitable cybersecurity controls within the critical infrastructure leads to advanced persistent threat (APT) that could have incapacitating effects on organizations. A keen understanding of cybersecurity is vital for leaders and the need is referenced in US policy that advances a national unity of effort to strengthen and maintain secure, functioning, and resilient critical infrastructure. Akin to the Presidential Policy Directive (PPD) 21 Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience, leaders’ goals should be to reduce vulnerabilities, identify and disrupt threats, minimize consequences and hasten response and recovery efforts related to critical infrastructure. To address the concern, it is necessary to review how AI and AR serve as co-technologies to support security of patient care and monitoring, examine impacts on individuals’ and overall healthcare organizations, address how enhanced comprehension of AI and AR could guide medical professional leaders’ decisions and boost the overall patient experience. Therefore, this literature review examines AI and AR connections to cybersecurity for the healthcare environment.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00General Aspects Concerning the Organization and Assurance of Campaign Services in Operationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0007<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The field of campaign services is currently the most complex area of logistical support, as it covers a wide range of services, requires cooperation between military bodies and various institutions, entities involved in providing them and requests promptness from planning and logistics management bodies in immediately solving the various problems that may arise. I set out to make an “radiography” of this complex field of logistics aiming to identify its general aspects in the processes of organization and assurance, as they manifest themselves at the level of a tactical unit</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Study Regarding the Planning Process in Physical Education and Sportshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.2478/bsaft-2021-0008<abstract> <title style='display:none'>Abstract</title> <p>The planning process in every domain represents the first fundamental process; also, the physical and sport activity needs meticulous planning of the activity so that the density of the physical lessons and the efficiency to be at a high level. Our study is based on a questionnaire undertaken by ten physical education teachers from Sibiu City regarding planning the PE activity, the efficiency of the methods used in planning the activity, and other essential problems that occurred in the process of planning the PE activity. The research found out that the planning activity must be changed and adapted to children’s new needs in teachers’ opinion. Also, the documents are often too many and sometimes useless occupying teachers’ time and not being so efficient. The research conclusions are that planning the PE activity is a significant activity and new ways of planning and new curriculum should be added, and many inefficient documents should disappear so that the teachers’ time is used more efficiently.</p> </abstract>ARTICLE2021-06-17T00:00:00.000+00:00Overview on Analysis of Free Metabolites for Detection of Exposure to Chemical Warfare Agentshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0020<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> Chemical warfare agents (CWA’s) induce complex toxicological effects with major adverse consequences for those exposed. For many chemical agents there is a need for research and development of analytical toxicological methods for a rapid and certain confirmation of those exposures. The certain methods will help for establishing the laboratory diagnosis for applying the proper therapy; the treatment of only contaminated people, decreasing the stress level in the medical community in management of crisis situations, increasing the survival rate of the population exposed to the contamination, supervision of professional exposure, judicial analysis in case of suspicious terrorist activities.</p><p>The paper presents some analytical toxicological methods for detection, identification and confirmation of metabolites from urine samples, based on the metabolism/hydrolysis processes of CWA’s.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Applying the Msharpp Method in Risk Assessment for the Water Supply Critical Infrastructure Sectorhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0014<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> The paper highlights a manner to assess risks for an important sector of critical infrastructure, that of water supply, frequently regulated in international legal systems. We took into consideration the fact that risk is a problem related to the processes of decision making under conditions of uncertainty in most cases, so that by this approach we bring to the attention of critical infrastructure managers, drawing on their experience, a simple method that can be considered in a preliminary stage of risk assessment specific to water supply.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Afghanistan after NATO Withdrawalhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0017<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> The conclusion of a conflict, called by some American analysts as “America’s Longest War”, after the withdrawal of the majority of NATO military forces, requires a careful analysis of the conditions and security environment that ISAF mission, International Security Afghan Forces, leaves as legacy to the Afghan military forces. The transfer of authority towards a strong government, recognized by most Afghan provinces, and benefiting from the support of national military forces able to cope with terrorist and insurgent threats on its own, are the minimum and necessary conditions leading the country towards a stable and secure environment and towards a sustainable development. Given these realities, any approach on the consequences of the transition towards self-sustainable governance becomes interesting and timely for any military political study. These are the prospects that we propose in our paper.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00The Difference between Accounting Amortization and Fiscal Amortizationhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0018<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> Although the issue of deferred taxes is very important, it is very little known to the taxpayers and to the fiscal bodies, both in meaning and content and in the practical methodology of application. This paper describes the meaning and the content of deferred income taxes, the distinction between accounting amortization and fiscal amortization, the practical methodology for the application of deferred income, all of these in the line of tax facilities granted as accelerated amortization applied pursuant to art. 24 paragraph (9) of the Tax Code.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Management of Occupational Stresshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0027<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> Stress is an important problem in the majority of countries. Apart from the fact that it is responsible for numerous diseases, it also causes much suffering. Stress appears as an adaptation reaction of our body to those external factors that we perceive as being agressive and which frequently lead us to an alarm state, felt both psychically (tension, fear, anxiety), and physically (increase of the adrenaline secretion, intensity of heartbeats, sweating). It isn’t actually a disease, but it can lead to sickness in time. This is why it is good to know what stresses us and how we can escape stress.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Case Study Regarding Financial Performance in Terms of Cash Flow Return on Investment (CFROI) for Companies Listed and Traded on the Bucharest Stock Exchange, During 2006-2013https://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0015<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> The specialized literature suggests the modern analytical indicators of the listed companies’ potential, in their construction starting from the concept of value creation. One of this indicators is Cash Flow Return on Investment (CFROI-Rli), considered as the best measuring indicator of value creation. It represents an internal rate of return on investment, expressing in percentage the ratio between the gross cash flow for the period, after deducting amortization and total gross investments of the same period. This paper presents a case study regarding financial performance in terms of cash flow return on investment (CFROI), of Companies listed and traded on the Bucharest Stock Exchange, during 2006-2013.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Identification of Behavioral Risk Factors During Pregnancyhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0024<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> Exposure to smoking during pregnancy is known to be one of the main modifiable risk factors, which threatens maternal and child health. Along with this factor, are not to be neglected also other risk factors belonging to lifestyle sphere, such as alcohol, sedentary, irregular daily meal serving plan, lack of knowledge.</p><p>Main objective is identification of behavioral risk factors during pregnancy in a group of recently given birth women, hospitalized in three maternities of Tirgu Mures County.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Security as a Power Element within Contemporary International Relationshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0019<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> Today, more than ever, in a globalized and constantly changing world, Europe has to face new stakes and challenges. The globalization, climate change, power supply and the new threats to security are challenges that Europe of the XXIst century has to cope with. The early XXIst century coincides with a new era in the international politics, the future evolution of the worls and the new international order, with the economy and security being the central spots.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00Theoretical Study on Adhesives Used in Ballistic Protection Structures and Transparent Armorhttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0013<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> This article is a brief study conducted on adhesives currently used for manufacturing performance ballistic protection structures. The study landmarks several aspects, such as: types of connections available to achieve multilayer structures based on ceramics, metals and polymers; ways in which adhesives influence the ballistic performance of protective structures; analysis of various types of adhesives used in ballistic protection industry; general considerations in the selection of adhesives for certain types of armor and protective structures; considerations for characterizing, testing and modeling adhesives.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00An Overview of Standards and Regulation Concerning Exposure to Radiofrequency Fieldshttps://sciendo.com/article/10.1515/bsaft-2015-0022<abstract><title style='display:none'>Abstract</title><p> Technological development put international organisations to effort in order to issue and continuously reassess standards concerning electromagnetic radiation protection issues. Protection standards have to be continuously reviewed as new data become available. This article provides a brief overview of updates implemented by the latest available protection standards. Currently, standards do not incorporate appropriate safety factors for protection against long-term effects of exposure to electromagnetic fields, thus protection is provided only for the established short term effects of electromagnetic fields on the human body. However, there is still a great deal of questions related to differences in limitations set by international organisations that have issued recommendations for personnel protection against electromagnetic fields.</p></abstract>ARTICLE2016-07-26T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1