rss_2.0Annals of the Náprstek Museum FeedSciendo RSS Feed for Annals of the Náprstek Museum of the Náprstek Museum 's Cover Head Ornaments from the Collection of the Náprstek Museum<p>Jewellery occupied an important place in the various life stages of Central Asian women. Individual jewels that formed sets depending on which parts of the body they were worn on had in a steady form and a particular meaning in the past. Most of the items of jewellery were designed to decorate the upper half of the body, and among the most numerous sets there was a set of head ornaments. These were mainly various types of diadems, paired and individual pendants that were attached to the headdress or to the hair and, last but not least, earrings of various shapes and sizes. The collections of the Náprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures feature a set of head ornaments from Uzbekistan dating back to the late 19<sup>th</sup> and early 20<sup>th</sup> century when the jeweller’s creations of the region were still of high quality. The set is represented by jewellery of three local styles – Samarkand, Bukhara and Tashkent.</p>ARTICLE2019-01-25T00:00:00.000+00:00Daneš the Collector: Pacific Journeys of J. V. Daneš and his Collection in the Náprstek Museum<p>J. V. Daneš (1880–1928) was not only an outstanding figure of his time in the international scientific community, but also a diplomat and a traveller. Two of his overseas trips led him to Australia and the Pacific region, where he assembled a remarkable collection of ethnographic objects and photographs. This collection, now kept in the National Museum – Náprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures in Prague, has been mostly neglected and unpublished for decades. This paper provides a basis for its further study by introducing Daneš’s journeys around the region and comparing them to the proveniences of the ethnographic objects.</p>ARTICLE2018-01-27T00:00:00.000+00:00A Collection of African Red Slip Ware in the Náprstek Museum<p>A group of six specimens of Late Roman pottery from the region of North Africa forms part of collections of the Náprstek Museum. The group comprises of vessels from several different functional types, forming a representative sample of the pottery production of the region. The paper discusses the setting of the individual vessels in the North African ceramic production, their dating, and provenance.</p>ARTICLE2018-01-27T00:00:00.000+00:00Preliminary Report on the Thirteenth Excavation Season of the Archaeological Expedition to Wad Ben Naga<p>The thirteenth excavation season of the Archaeological Expedition to Wad Ben Naga focused on archaeological exploration of the Typhonium (WBN 200) and the nearby cemetery WBN C200, as well as on conservation of structures located in Central Wad Ben Naga.</p>ARTICLE2018-01-27T00:00:00.000+00:00Gottfried Lindauer and the Náprstek Museum: Ethnographic Collection<p>Gottfried Lindauer was a Bohemian painter residing and working in Aotearoa New Zealand. His paintings capturing the native people and their life earned him praise and respect from the Māori and Pākehā alike, as well as international recognition within and outside the artistic community. The Náprstek Museum in Prague owns two of his paintings, a small collection of Maori objects, photographs and letters to Ms Josefa Náprstková. This set of resources offers a comprehensive view on the artist’s collection practices, his creative process, and last but not least his relation to the Náprstek family.</p>ARTICLE2019-11-25T00:00:00.000+00:00Means of Transport by Udehe: The Transformation and Survival of Material Culture<p>The purpose of this paper is to describe how the material culture of the indigenous hunters and fishermen of the Udehe in the Far East of Russia have been transformed by outside influence, from an autonomous and already sophisticated culture to a dependent and modernized one. The discussion centres around the means of water transport, two kinds of dugout boats (the <italic>bat</italic> and <italic>omorochka</italic>) because they were and still are essential for hunting and fishing, which are the main economic activities of Udehe. The author demonstrates how this one part of material culture has changed in manufacturing and use, and what has changed in the everyday life due to this transformation.</p>ARTICLE2019-11-25T00:00:00.000+00:00The Story of Storyboards from East Sepik, Papua New Guinea<p>This study analyzes and interprets East Sepik storyboards, which the authors regard as a form of cultural continuity and instrument of cultural memory in the post-colonial period. The study draws on field research conducted by the authors in the village of Kambot in East Sepik. The authors divide the storyboards into two groups based on content. The first includes storyboards describing daily life in the community, while the other links the daily life to pre-Christian religious beliefs and views. The aim of the study is to analyze one of the forms of contemporary material culture in East Sepik in the context of cultural changes triggered by Christianization, colonial administration in the former Territory of New Guinea and global tourism.</p>ARTICLE2019-11-25T00:00:00.000+00:00Secondary Burial Ground in the Pyramid Complex of King Djedkare: A Preliminary Report on Burials with Grave Goods<p>The exploration of the pyramid complex of King Djedkare at south Saqqara in 2018 revealed a large number of secondary burials. These burials were found between the north part of the king’s funerary precinct and in the south part of his queen’s precinct in an area which had not been previously excavated. This brief preliminary study presents the archaeological frame together with the results of the osteological examination of a small group of burials which contained grave goods. This study shows that at this burial ground, grave goods were associated mostly with immature individuals, and in a smaller number of cases with adult women, while no adult male burial with grave goods was documented in this group.</p>ARTICLE2019-11-25T00:00:00.000+00:00Preliminary Report on the Sixteenth Excavation Season of the Archaeological Expedition to Wad Ben Naga<p>During its seventeenth excavation season, the Archaeological Expedition to Wad Ben Naga continued with the exploration of the so-called Palace of Queen Amanishakheto at Wad Ben Naga (WBN 100), as well as with the excavation and protection of the <italic>kom</italic> located behind the rail track. During the season, the complex of the so-called Isis Temple at Wad Ben Naga (WBN 300) began to be explored. Based on the previous magnetometric survey, a Meroitic kiosk (WBN 390) was unearthed and documented.</p>ARTICLE2019-11-25T00:00:00.000+00:00Spectacles and Embroidered Spectacle Cases from China in the Náprstek Museum<p>Spectacles from China appear in many museum collections, and they are popular collectibles in private collections. The collection of ten spectacles and their cases in the Náprstek Museum in Prague shows its technological and material development from the pince-nez type in the second half of the 19<sup>th</sup> century to early 20<sup>th</sup> century tortoiseshell and plastic spectacles. As signs of learning, these different types of spectacles and their cases show their social context and meaning in Chinese society during the transition period from the traditional to the modern era.</p>ARTICLE2019-11-25T00:00:00.000+00:00The Dragon Robe as the Professional Dress of the Qing Dynasty Scholar-Official (The Náprstek Museum Collection)<p>Dragon robes were worn by scholar – officials who were members of bureacracy of the Qing dynasty in China (1644–1911). The cut and design of the robes were uniform, but the embellishment and motifs including religious symbols were individual and personal. Dragon robes as a garment with high homogeneity and visibility is compared to the “organisational dress” worn by members of contemporary Western organisations. The meaning of both garments is found to be similar, especially as they convey social roles within the organisation and society.</p>ARTICLE2017-10-03T00:00:00.000+00:00Julius Nestler and the “Nestler Collection” in the Náprstek Museum: Nationalism, Occultism and Entrepreneurship in the Making of Americanist Archaeology in Central Europe<p>The text aims to present the broader context and biography of Julius Nestler, an amateur archaeologist from Prague, who at the beginning of the twentieth century pursued excavations in the ruins of Tiahuanaco/Tiwanaku and brought to Prague a unique collection of about 3,600 pieces, now deposited in the Náprstek Museum in Prague. A biographical study of Nestler has revealed his wide interests. During the period of Czech-German competition in Bohemia he promoted “German science”. He cooperated with entrepreneurial groups in Germany that were trying to penetrate Latin America economically, as a Freemason actively capitalised on a transnational community of associates; and at the same time was an adherent to and propagator of occultism. All these facets of his personality shaped his activities in the recently-established field of Americanist archaeology.</p>ARTICLE2017-10-03T00:00:00.000+00:00Shepespuptah Idu According to Evidence from his Rock-Cut Tomb at Abusir South<p>The article discusses evidence uncovered by the mission of the Czech Institute of Egyptology, Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague at the necropolis of Abusir near Egypt’s capital Cairo. The tomb of Shepespuptah Idu was one of the four rock-cut tombs in the tomb complex of Princess Sheretnebty in Abusir South. It was uncovered in 2012 and its exploration continued until 2013. The identity of the tomb owner is known from hieratic inscriptions in his tomb chapel, which tell us about his name, nickname and titles. Shepespuptah held administrative titles associated with legal matters and royal offerings and the latter offices connect him with the economy of the royal funerary cults. The burial of Shepespuptah, which was found in his sarcophagus reveals interesting details about his health.</p>ARTICLE2017-10-03T00:00:00.000+00:00 (24 January 1931 – 20 October 2016) Report on the Twelfth Excavation Season of the Archaeological Expedition to Wad Ben Naga<p>The twelfth excavation season of the Archaeological Expedition to Wad Ben Naga focused on archaeological exploration of the Typhonium (WBN 200) and the Palace of Queen Amanishakheto (WBN 100), and on conservation of structures located in Central Wad Ben Naga.</p>ARTICLE2017-12-27T00:00:00.000+00:00Seven Egyptian Mummified Heads from the Collections of the Náprstek Museum<p>The paper presents results of CT and external examination of seven ancient Egyptian mummified isolated human heads from the collections of the National Museum – Náprstek Museum of Asian, African and American Cultures. It is the first preliminary outcome regarding isolated parts of mummies from a multi-disciplinary project that aims to map all ancient Egyptian mummified material in public collections of the Czech Republic. The heads are well preserved and exhibit a variety of mummification techniques and materials.</p>ARTICLE2017-12-27T00:00:00.000+00:00Masks from Indonesia in the Náprstek Museum<p>Masks from Indonesia have been worn in performances in a number of contexts. In Java, masked drama occurred in the royal courts as well as in the countryside. In Bali masks are still a feature of daily life in connection with performances in temples and at life cycle ceremonies. Balinese masks relate to a range of genres. In Kalimantan masks are mostly used in rituals connected with rice-growing. Indonesian masks in the Náprstek Museum collections all come from one of these contexts, most having been used and later discarded, while some were made especially for the tourist market.</p>ARTICLE2017-12-27T00:00:00.000+00:00Decorative Borders in Chinese Folk Prints. Insight into the Náprstek Museum Collections<p>The article examines the printed borders which adorn a moderate number of Yangliuqing prints from the collections of the Náprstek Museum. They are made up of auspicious elements common in the symbolism of Chinese folk art. Their design differs and falls at least into two groups. The reason behind placing the border on a picture is yet unclear.</p>ARTICLE2017-12-27T00:00:00.000+00:00en-us-1