1. bookVolume 25 (2018): Issue 2 (June 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
20 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Copyright
© 2020 Sciendo

Evaluating Combustion, Performance and Emission Characteristics of CI Engine Operating on Diesel Fuel Enriched with HHO Gas

Published Online: 11 Nov 2019
Page range: 303 - 311
Received: 19 Mar 2018
Accepted: 29 Jul 2018
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
20 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Copyright
© 2020 Sciendo

Research of efficient and ecological parameters was carried out with compression ignition (CI) engine using diesel fuel and additionally supplied hydrogen and oxygen (HHO) gas mixture. HHO gas is produced by electrolysis when the water was dissociating. At constant engine’s brake torque and with increasing HHO gas volumetric concentration in taken air up to 0.2%, engine efficient indicators varies marginally, however, with bigger HHO concentration these parameters becomes worse. HHO increases smokiness, but it decreases NOx concentration in exhaust gas. Numerical analysis of combustion process using AVL BOOST software lets to conclude that hydrogen, which is found in HHO gas, ignites faster than diesel fuel and air mixture. Hydrogen combustion before TDC makes a negative work and it changes diesel fuel combustion process – diesel ignition delay phase becomes shorter, kinetic (premixed) combustion phase intensity gets smaller.

Keywords

[1] Abu-Jrai, A. M., Al-Muhtaseb, A. H., Hasan, A. O., Combustion, performance, and selective catalytic reduction of NOx for a diesel engine operated with combined tri fuel (H2, CH4, and conventional diesel), Energy, 119, pp. 901-910, 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[2] Alrazen, H. A., Abu Talib, A. R., Adnan, R., Ahmad, K. A., A review of the Effect of hydrogen addition on the performance and emissions of the compression – ignition engine, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 54, pp. 785-796, 2016.10.1016/j.rser.2015.10.088Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[3] Chaisermtawan, P., Jarungthammachote, S., Chuepeng, S., Kiatiwat, T., Gaseous emissions and combustion efficiency analysis of hydrogen-diesel dual fuel engine under fuel-lean condition, Am. J. Applied Sci, 9(11), pp. 1813-1817, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

[4] Chen, K., Karim, G. A., Watson, H. C., Experimental and analytical examination of the development of inhomogeneities and auto ignition during rapid compression of hydrogen-oxygen-argon mixtures, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 125(2), pp. 458-465, 2003.Search in Google Scholar

[5] Chintala, V., Subramanian, K. A., Assessment of maximum available work of a hydrogen fueled compression ignition engine using exergy analysis, Energy, 67, pp. 162-175, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

[6] Chintala, V., Subramanian, K. A., A comprehensive review on utilization of hydrogen in a compression ignition engine under dual fuel mode, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 70, pp. 472-491, 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[7] Cipriani, G., Di Dio, V., Genduso, F., La Cascia, D., Liga, R., Miceli, R., Galluzzo, G. R., Perspective on hydrogen energy carrier and its automotive applications, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39, pp. 8482-8494, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

[8] Curley, R., Fossil Fuels, Britannica Educational Publishing, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

[9] Deb, M., Paul, A., Debroy, D., Sastry, G. R. K., Panua, R. S., Bose, P. K., An experimental investigation of performance-emission trade off characteristics of a CI engine using hydrogen as dual fuel, Energy, 85, pp. 569-585, 2015.Search in Google Scholar

[10] Giakoumis, E. G., Rakopoulos, C. D., Dimaratos, A. M., Rakopoulos, D. C., Exhaust emissions of diesel engines operating under transient conditions with biodiesel fuel blends, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science, 38(5), pp. 691-715, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

[11] Gupta, R. B., Hydrogen fuel: production, transport, and storage, Taylor & Francis Group: CRC Press, 2009.Search in Google Scholar

[12] Heffel, J. W., NOx emission and performance data for a hydrogen fueled internal combustion engine at 1500 rpm using exhaust gas recirculation, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 28, pp. 901-908, 2003.Search in Google Scholar

[13] Heywood, J. B., Internal combustion engine fundamentals, McGraw-Hill, 1988.Search in Google Scholar

[14] Hordeski, M. F., Alternative fuels—the future of hydrogen, Taylor & Francis Group: The Fairmont Press, 2008.Search in Google Scholar

[15] Yilmaz, A. C., Uludamar, E., Aydin, K., Effect of hydroxy (HHO) gas addition on performance and exhaust emissions in compression ignition engines, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, pp. 11366-11372, 2010.10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.07.040Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[16] Jarungthammachote, S., Chuepeng, S., Chaisermtawan, P., Effect of hydrogen addition on diesel engine operation and NOx emission: A thermodynamic study, Am. J. Applied Sci, 9, pp. 1472-1478, 2012.Search in Google Scholar

[17] Lewis, B., von Elbe, G., Combustion, Flames and Explosions of Gases, (3rd Edition), Academic Press, New York 1987.Search in Google Scholar

[18] Li, J., Huang, H., Kobayashi, N., Wang, C., Yuan, H., Numerical study on laminar burning velocity and ignition delay time of ammonia flame with hydrogen addition, Energy, 126, pp. 796-809, 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[19] Masjuki, H. H., Ruhul, A. M., Mustafi, N. N., Kalam, M. A., Arbab, M. I., Fattah, I. M. R., Study of production optimization and effect of hydroxyl gas on a CI engine performance and emission fueled with biodiesel blends, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41, pp. 14519-14528, 2016.10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.273Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[20] Mollenhauer, K., Tschoeke, H., Handbook of diesel engines, Springer, 2010.Search in Google Scholar

[21] Momirlan, M., Veziroglu, T. N., The properties of hydrogen as fuel tomorrow in sustainable energy system for a clean planet, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 30, pp. 795-802, 2005.10.1016/j.ijhydene.2004.10.011Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[22] Ozcanli, M., Akar, M. A., Calik, A., Serin, H., Using HHO (Hydroxy) and hydrogen enriched castor oil biodiesel in compression ignition engine, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 42 (36), pp. 23366-23372, 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[23] Rakopoulos, C. D., Giakoumis, E. G., Diesel engine transient operation, Springer, 2009.Search in Google Scholar

[24] Rakopoulos, D. C., Rakopoulos, C. D., Giakoumis, E. G., Papagiannakis, R. G., Kyritsis, D. C., Influence of properties of various common bio-fuels on the combustion and emission characteristics of high-speed DI (direct injection) diesel engine: Vegetable oil, bio-diesel, ethanol, n-butanol, diethyl ether, Energy, 73, pp. 354-366, 2014.Search in Google Scholar

[25] Ramadhas, A. S., Alternative fuels for transportation, Taylor & Francis Group: CRC Press, 2011.Search in Google Scholar

[26] Rimkus, A., Pukalskas, S., Matijošius, J., Sokolovskij, E., Betterment of ecological parameters of a diesel engine using brown’s gas, Journal of Environmental Engineering and Landscape Management, 21(2), pp. 133-140, 2013.10.3846/16486897.2012.679661Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[27] Roy, M. M., Tomita, E., Kawahara, N., Harada, Y., Sakane, A., An experimental investigation on engine performance and emissions of a supercharged H2–diesel dual-fuel engine, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 35, pp. 844-853, 2010.10.1016/j.ijhydene.2009.11.009Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[28] Santilli, R. M., A new gaseous and combustible form of water, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 31, pp. 1113-1128, 2006.10.1016/j.ijhydene.2005.11.006Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[29] Saravanan, N., Nagarajan, G., An experimental investigation of hydrogen-enriched air induction in a diesel engine system, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 33, pp. 1769-75, 2008.Search in Google Scholar

[30] Saravanan, N., Nagarajan, G., Narayanasamy, S., An experimental investigation on DI diesel engine with hydrogen fuel, Renewable Energy, 33, pp. 415-421, 2008.10.1016/j.renene.2007.03.016Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[31] Srinivasan, S., Salzano, F. J., Prospects for hydrogen production by water electrolysis to be competitive with conventional methods, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2, pp. 53-59, 1977.10.1016/0360-3199(77)90066-0Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[32] Stiesch, G., Modeling Engine spray and combust ion processes, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010.Search in Google Scholar

[33] Surygala, J., Hydrogen as a fuel, Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Naukowo-Techniczne, 2008.Search in Google Scholar

[34] Szwaja, S., Grab-Rogalinski, K., Hydrogen combustion in a compression ignition diesel engine, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 34 (10), pp. 4413-4421, 2009.Search in Google Scholar

[35] Talibi, M., Hellier, P., Ladommatos, N., Combustion and exhaust emission characteristics, and in-cylinder gas composition, of hydrogen enriched biogas mixtures in a diesel engine, Energy, 124, pp. 397-412, 2017.Search in Google Scholar

[36] Uludamar, E., Yıldızhan, S., Aydin, K., Ozcanli, M., Vibration, noise and exhaust emissions analyses of an unmodified compression ignition engine fuelled with low sulphur diesel and biodiesel blends with hydrogen addition, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 41, pp. 1-10, 2016.Search in Google Scholar

[37] Vibe, I. I., Brennverlauf und Kreisprozeß von Verbrennungsmotoren, Berlin: Verlag Technik, 1970.Search in Google Scholar

[38] Wang, H. K., Cheng, C. Y., Chen, K. S., Lin, Y. C., Chen, C. B., Effect of regulated harmful matters from a heavy-duty diesel engine by H2/O2 addition to the combustion chamber, Fuel, 93, pp. 524-527, 2012.10.1016/j.fuel.2011.11.034Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

[39] Whiete, C. M., Steeper, R. R., Lutz, A. E., The hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engine: a technical review, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 31, pp. 1292-1305, 2006.Search in Google Scholar

[40] Zoulias, E. I., Lymberopoulos, N., Hydrogen-based autonomous power systems, Springer, 2008.Search in Google Scholar

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo