1. bookVolume 3 (2020): Issue 1 (August 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 Sep 2018
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Key Points of the Management System for the Safety of Passengers Travelling with Low-Pressure Trains

Published Online: 06 Dec 2020
Page range: 462 - 471
Received: 01 Oct 2020
Accepted: 01 Nov 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
30 Sep 2018
Publication timeframe
1 time per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Due to the innovation of transport means based on hyperloop technology, the correctness of its functioning should be investigated in relation to many technical, economic and operational factors. This paper presents an analysis of the hyperloop technology from the point of view of ensuring safety of passengers while travelling in a low-pressure rail tunnel. The main subject of research was the design of hyperloop station infrastructure and the safety management system that will ensure the safety of passengers at the station in the sphere of atmospheric pressure, despite the station’s interaction with low-pressure tubes during entry and exit of the capsules. The safety management system also includes evacuation of passengers from low-pressure tubes in an emergency situation. The paper reviews the key issues of passenger safety in the hyperloop transport system, which are the source of justified and unfounded people’ fear of using this transport means despite its obvious advantages. The authors’ original achievement is the identification of critical points of passenger safety during their stay in the station area and during their journey through a low-pressure tunnel, as well as the design of a double airlock that can be used in the hyperloop tunnel at repeatable intervals with the aim of evacuating passengers to the atmospheric pressure zone. The designed solution allows to eliminate one of the significant weaknesses of the transport system using low-pressure rail.

Keywords

Abdelrahman, A.S., Sayeed, J. and Youssef, M.Z. (2018), Hyperloop Transportation System: Analysis, Design, Control, and Implementation, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 65 No. 9, pp. 7427-7436. Search in Google Scholar

Ahmadi, E., Alexander, N.A. and Kashani, M.M. (2020), Lateral dynamic bridge deck– pier interaction for ultra-high-speed Hyperloop train loading, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering, Vol. 173 No. 3, pp. 198–206. Search in Google Scholar

Alexander, N.A. and Kashani, M.M. (2018), Exploring Bridge Dynamics for Ultra-high-speed, Hyperloop, Trains, Structures, Vol. 14, pp. 69-74. Search in Google Scholar

Almujibah, H., Kaduk, S.I. and Preston, J. (2020), Hyperloop – prediction of social and physiological costs, Transportation Systems and Technology, Vol. 6 No. 3, pp. 43-59. Search in Google Scholar

Belova, O.V. and Vulf, M.D. (2016), Pneumatic Capsule Transport, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 152, pp. 276–280. Search in Google Scholar

Błażejczyk, S. and Różycka, Z. (2018), Hyperloop – analiza szans i zagrożeń związanych z rozwojem nowoczesnego środka transportu, Journal of TransLogistics, 4(14) No. 1, pp. 2013-2222. Search in Google Scholar

Covell, J. (2017), Hyperloop Technology: Economic Analysis of a Transportation Revolution, PhD Thesis, The Pennsylvania State University, Schreyer Honors College, Department of Industrial Engineering, Philadelphia. Search in Google Scholar

Dudnikov, E.E. (2018), The Problem of Ensuring the Tightness in Hyperloop Passenger Systems, in 2018 Eleventh International Conference “Management of large-scale system development (MLSD, 01.10.2018 - 03.10.2018, Moscow, IEEE, pp. 1-4. Search in Google Scholar

Dudnikov, E.E. (2019), Structure of Hyperloop Systems with Intermediate Station, in 2019 Twelfth International Conference “Management of large-scale system development (MLSD), 01.10.2019 - 03.10.2019, Moscow, Russia, IEEE, pp. 1-3. Search in Google Scholar

Fajczak-Kowalska, A. and Kowalska, M. (2018), Innowacyjny środek transportu – Hyperloop jako odpowiedz na współczesne problemy komunikacyjne, Logistyka, No. 1, pp. 43-47. Search in Google Scholar

Gkoumas, K. and Christou, M. (2020), A Triple-Helix Approach for the Assessment of Hyperloop Potential in Europe, Sustainability, Vol. 12 No. 19, p. 7868. Search in Google Scholar

Hawkins, A.J. (2020), Virgin Hyperloop hits an important milestone: the first human passenger test, [Online]. Available at: https://www.theverge.com/2020/11/8/21553014/virgin-hyperloop-first-human-test-speed-pod-tube (accessed 8 November 2020). Search in Google Scholar

Heaton, T.H. (2017), Inertial Forces from Earthquakes on a Hyperloop Pod, Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, Vol. 107 No. 5, pp. 2521-2524. Search in Google Scholar

Janić, M. (2020), Estimation of direct energy consumption and CO 2 emission by high speed rail, transrapid maglev and hyperloop passenger transport systems, International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, Vol. 118 No. 1202, pp. 1-22. Search in Google Scholar

Janzen, R. (2017), TransPod Ultra-High-Speed Tube Transportation: Dynamics of Vehicles and Infrastructure, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 199, pp. 8-17. Search in Google Scholar

Jeker, S. (2019), Hyperloop Network Design, Master Thesis, Computer Engineering and Networks Laboratory, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich, 2019. Search in Google Scholar

Jia, W., Wang, K., Cheng, A., Kong, X., Cao, X. and Li, Q. (2018), Air flow and differential pressure characteristics in the vacuum tube transportation system based on pressure recycle ducts, Vacuum, Vol. 150, pp. 58-68. Search in Google Scholar

Kim, K.K. (2018), The Russian version of the transport system “Hyperloop”, Transportation Systems and Technology, Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 73-91. Search in Google Scholar

Lafoz, M., Navarro, G., Torres, J., Santiago, Á., Nájera, J., Santos-Herran, M. and Blanco, M. (2020), Power Supply Solution for Ultrahigh Speed Hyperloop Trains, Smart Cities, Vol. 3 No. 3, pp. 642-656. Search in Google Scholar

Li, D., van der Vegte, W.F., Geuze, M., van der Meijs, M. and Mastrigt, S.H. (2019), Studying a New Embarking and Disembarking Process for Future Hyperloop Passengers, in Bagnara, S., Tartaglia, R., Albolino, S., Alexander, T. and Fujita, Y. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 20th Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA 2018), Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Vol. 823, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 217-229. Search in Google Scholar

Majchrzak, A., Griffith, T.L., Reetz, D.K. and Alexy, O. (2018), Catalyst Organizations as a New Organization Design for Innovation: The Case of Hyperloop Transportation Technologies, Academy of Management Discoveries, Vol. 4 No. 4, pp. 472-496. Search in Google Scholar

Mielczarek, Ł. and Foljanty, K. (2019), Polski hyperloop rozwiązaniem najważniejszych wyzwań sektora logistycznego, Logistyka, No. 3, pp. 62-64. Search in Google Scholar

Mohajeri, N. and Amin, G.R. (2010), Railway station site selection using analytical hierarchy process and data envelopment analysis, Computers & Industrial Engineering, Vol. 59 No. 1, pp. 107-114. Search in Google Scholar

Musk, E. (2013), Hyperloop Alpha, [Online] available at: http://www.spacex.com/ (accessed 8 November 2020). Search in Google Scholar

Niu, J., Sui, Y., Yu, Q., Cao, X. and Yuan, Y. (2020a), Aerodynamics of railway train/tunnel system: A review of recent research, Energy and Built Environment, Vol. 1 No. 4, pp. 351-375. Search in Google Scholar

Niu, J., Sui, Y., Yu, Q., Cao, X., Yuan, Y. and Yang, X. (2020b), Effect of acceleration and deceleration of a capsule train running at transonic speed on the flow and heat transfer in the tube, Aerospace Science and Technology, Vol. 105, p. 105977. Search in Google Scholar

Nowacki, M., Olejniczak, D. and Markowski, J. (2019), Assessment of medium parameters in a closed space for a Hyperloop transport capsule with reference to reducing the energy demand of a transport system, E3S Web of Conferences, Vol. 108, p. 1032. Search in Google Scholar

Oh, J.-S., Kang, T., Ham, S., Lee, K.-S., Jang, Y.-J., Ryou, H.-S. and Ryu, J. (2019), Numerical Analysis of Aerodynamic Characteristics of Hyperloop System, Energies, Vol. 12 No. 3, p. 518. Search in Google Scholar

Opgenoord, M.M.J. and Caplan, P.C. (2018), Aerodynamic Design of the Hyperloop Concept, AIAA Journal, Vol. 56 No. 11, pp. 4261-4270. Search in Google Scholar

Pradhan, R. and Katyayan, A. (09302018), Vehicle Dynamics of Permanent-Magnet Levitation Based Hyperloop Capsules, in Volume 2: Control and Optimization of Connected and Automated Ground Vehicles; Dynamic Systems and Control Education; Dynamics and Control of Renewable Energy Systems; Energy Harvesting; Energy Systems; Estimation and Identification; Intelligent Transportation and Vehicles; Manufacturing; Mechatronics; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Aftertreatment Systems; Modeling and Control of IC Engines and Powertrain Systems; Modeling and Management of Power Systems, 30.09.2018-03.10.2018, Atlanta, Georgia, USA, American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Search in Google Scholar

Rajendran, S. and Harper, A. (2020), A simulation-based approach to provide insights on Hyperloop network operations, Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Vol. 4, p. 100092. Search in Google Scholar

Ross, P.E. (2016), Hyperloop: No pressure, IEEE Spectrum, Vol. 53 No. 1, pp. 51-54. Search in Google Scholar

Roswall, N., Raaschou-Nielsen, O., Jensen, S.S., Tjønneland, A. and Sørensen, M. (2018), Long-term exposure to residential railway and road traffic noise and risk for diabetes in a Danish cohort, Environmental research, Vol. 160, pp. 292–297. Search in Google Scholar

Santangelo, A. (2018), Hyperloop as an evolution of maglev, Transportation Systems and Technology, Vol. 4 No. 4, pp. 44-63. Search in Google Scholar

Sayeed, J.M., AbdelRahman, A. and Youssef, M.Z. (2018), Hyperloop Transportation System: Control, and Drive System Design, in 2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 23.09.2018 - 27.09.2018, Portland, OR, IEEE, pp. 2767-2773. Search in Google Scholar

Soni, A., Indraneel, T.S., Jayakumar, V., Shiyani, D.R., Bhagwat, P. and Abdallah, S. (2019), Magnetic Brake testing for Hyperloop Pod Design, in AIAA Scitech 2019 Forum, San Diego, California, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, Virginia, p. 3. Search in Google Scholar

Stoilova, S. and Nikolova, R. (2017), Classifying railway passenger stations for use transport planning – application to Bulgarian railway network, Transport Problems, Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 143-155. Search in Google Scholar

Stryhunivska, O., Gdowska, K. and Rumin, R. (2020), A Concept of Integration of a Vactrain Underground Station with the Solidarity Transport Hub Poland, Energies, Vol. 13 No. 21, p. 5737. Search in Google Scholar

Taylor, C.L., Hyde, D.J. and Barr, L.C. (2016), Hyperloop Commercial Feasibility Analysis High Level Overview, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, OH, USA. Search in Google Scholar

Tudor, D. and Paolone, M. (2019 - 2019), Influence of Battery Models on the Optimal Design of the Propulsion System of a Hyperloop Capsule, in 2019 IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference (VPPC), 14.10.2019-17.10.2019, Hanoi, Vietnam, IEEE, pp. 1-7. Search in Google Scholar

van Goeverden, K., Milakis, D., Janic, M. and Konings, R. (2018), Analysis and modelling of performances of the HL (Hyperloop) transport system, European Transport Research Review, Vol. 10 No. 2, p. 28. Search in Google Scholar

Zhou, D. (2018), A Look Inside a New Mode of Transportation: Virgin Hyperloop One, TR News, No. 314. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo