1. bookVolume 26 (2019): Issue 4 (December 2019)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
20 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Anomaly of Rotor Dynamics in Ultra-Light Helicopter – Robinson R22

Published Online: 24 Apr 2020
Page range: 235 - 239
Received: 30 Aug 2019
Accepted: 17 Dec 2019
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
20 Dec 2019
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English

The article presents the analysis of anomaly of rotor dynamics in ultra-light helicopter - Robinson R22. Robinson R22 is two-seat, two-blade main rotor and single-engine helicopter, well known as simple and common used aircraft because of low price and high availability. At the same time, large number of accidents and strictly defined rules (recommended piloting technique) and weather condition for safe flight show disadvantages of Robinson R22. The reason for considering this topic is the analysis of different flight properties and helicopter behaviour as well as easy entering into dangerous flight manoeuvre. In the article different flight properties and loss of control during the pull-up, manoeuvre or vertical gusts of wind and mast bumping accidents were analysed. Analysis shows that problem may be caused by construction of three-hinged rotor hub, designed and patented by F. Robinson. Article presents model of rotor hub and review of main rotor and rotor hub construction in light helicopters. Because of number of accidents, caused by the unusual behaviour of Robinson R22, restrictive pilotage rules were introduced: prohibition of flight in certain weather conditions, the necessity of attending additional training conducted by trained instructors. To reduce the probability of an accident a special instruction for specific Robinson R22 properties was created. Moreover, the statistics of accidents resulting from loss of control and review of legal changes caused by Robinson R22 accidents are presented.

Keywords

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