1. bookVolume 51 (2021): Issue 2 (June 2021)
Journal Details
First Published
26 Feb 2008
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
access type Open Access

Federated Learning for Spanish Ports as an Aid to Digitization

Published Online: 17 Jul 2021
Page range: 1 - 17
Journal Details
First Published
26 Feb 2008
Publication timeframe
4 times per year

The Spanish Port System is immersed in the process of digital transformation towards the concept of Ports 4.0. This entails new regulatory and connectivity requirements, making it necessary to implement the new technologies offered by the market towards digitalization. The digitalization of the individual processes in a first step helps the exchange of digital information between the members of the port community. The next step will mean that the information flow between the participants of a port community is done in a reliable, efficient, paperless way, and thanks to technologies. However, for the Spanish port sector, data exchange has a competitive disadvantage. That is why Federated Learning is proposed. This approach allows several organizations in the port sector to collaborate in the development of models, but without the need to directly share sensitive port data among themselves. Instead of gathering data on a single server, the data remains locked on your server, and the algorithms and predictive models travel between them. The goal of this approach is to benefit from a large set of data, which contributes to increased Machine Learning performance while respecting data ownership and privacy. Through an Inter-institution or “Cross-silo FL” model, different institutions contribute to the training with their local datasets in which different companies collaborate in training a learning machine for the discovery of patterns in private datasets of high sensitivity and high content. This environment is characterized by a smaller number of participants than the mobile case, with typically better bandwidth and less intermittency.


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