1. bookVolume 51 (2021): Issue 1 (March 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-4608
First Published
26 Feb 2008
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Technical and Economic Analysis of the Consequences of Occupational Injuries at Machine-Building Enterprises

Published Online: 06 Apr 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 51 (2021) - Issue 1 (March 2021)
Page range: 1 - 13
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2083-4608
First Published
26 Feb 2008
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The article shows that effective organization of occupational health and safety (OHS) at industrial enterprises have not only social, but also technical and economic consequences. Analysis of the dependences of the frequency and the severity coefficients of occupational injuries on the cost of OHS measures allowed to draw an important conclusion, that with insufficient funding for injuries protection, the level of injuries remains high enough, and with increasing OHS funds the level of injuries decreases significantly. However, there comes a situation, when further economic stimulation of injuries protection measures does not yield significant results. Definition of technical and economic criteria for assessing the production system from occupational safety indicators is proposed using the apparatus of the probability and queuing theories. An example of calculating the downtime of process equipment due to occupational injuries in the shop of mechanical engineering plant is considered.

Keywords

1. BS OHSAS 18001:2007. Occupational health and safety management systems. Requirements.Search in Google Scholar

2. Carter S., MacDonald N.J., Denise C., Cheng B.: Basic Finance for Marketers. Food & Agriculture Org., Rome 1997.Search in Google Scholar

3. Cohen D.R., Henderson J.B.: Health, prevention, and economics. Oxford University Press, Oxford 1988.Search in Google Scholar

4. Declaration on occupational health for all. WHO, Beijing 1994 https://www.who.int/occupational_health/en/oehdeclaration94e.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

5. Gross D., Shortle J., Thompson J., Harris C.: Fundamentals of Queueing Theory. John Wiley & Sons, New York 2011.Search in Google Scholar

6. ISO/IEC 51:2014. Safety aspects. Guidelines for their inclusion in standards.Search in Google Scholar

7. ISSA Annual Review 2018/19. https://ww1.issa.int/sites/default/files/documents/publications/2-ISSA_AR_2018-19_WEB-258951.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

8. Klenke A.: Probability Theory: A Comprehensive Course. Springer, London 201410.1007/978-1-4471-5361-0Search in Google Scholar

9. Mock C.N., Nugent R., Kobusingye O., et al. (eds.): Injury Prevention and Environmental Health. 3rd edition. Washington (DC): The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The World Bank 2017.Search in Google Scholar

10. Newell G.F.: Applications of Queueing Theory. Chapmen and Hall, London 2013.Search in Google Scholar

11. Polinder S., Toet H., Panneman M., Beeck van E.: Methodological approaches for cost–effectiveness and cost–utility analysis of injury prevention measures. World Health Organization Report 2011.Search in Google Scholar

12. Stupnytska N., Stupnytskyy V.: Optimization model for planning set of measures to prevent occupational injuries in machine-building enterprises. Journal of KONBiN, Vol. 50, Iss. 1, 2020, DOI 10.2478/jok-2020-0008.10.2478/jok-2020-0008Search in Google Scholar

13. Torén K, Sterner T.: How to promote prevention - economic incentives or legal regulations or both?: Work Environ Health, 29(3) 2003.10.5271/sjweh.72712828394Search in Google Scholar

14. World Statistic 2018. International Labor Organization Report. https://www.ilo.org/moscow/areas-of-work/occupational-safety-and-health/WCMS_249278/lang--en/index.htmSearch in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo