1. bookVolume 10 (2018): Issue 4 (December 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1803-8417
First Published
24 Feb 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

From Family to Domestic and Global Labour? A Decade of Proletarisation of Labour in the Norwegian Horticulture Industry

Published Online: 11 Jan 2019
Volume & Issue: Volume 10 (2018) - Issue 4 (December 2018)
Page range: 528 - 542
Received: 23 Jun 2018
Accepted: 17 Oct 2018
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
1803-8417
First Published
24 Feb 2009
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

This paper analyses the profound structural transformations that took place in Norway's horticulture industry between 1999 and 2010. The aggregate industrial outputs from the industry remained stable in this period. However, the number of horticulture farms dropped by 40.5% and the remaining farms became accordingly larger. We analyse how this development was related to changing labour strategies on Norwegian farms during this period, in part affected by labour market deregulation following the EU enlargements in 2004 and 2007. The analysis utilises Agricultural Census data covering the full population of horticulture farms in Norway in 1999 (N=5,105) and all farms in the country in 2010 (N=46,624, of which 3036 now were horticulture farms). Results suggest that the enhanced availability of inexpensive and flexible global labour is strongly associated with a stepwise proletarisation of Norwegian horticulture. Family labour is being systematically replaced by wage labour and domestic workers are being replaced by lowwage migrant workers.

Keywords

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