1. bookVolume 8 (2021): Issue 1 (June 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Exploring the Potential of Art Workshop: An Attempt to Foster People’s Creativity in an Online Environment

Published Online: 30 Aug 2021
Page range: 89 - 107
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 27 Jul 2021
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Recently, the importance of creativity in society has been clearly recognized. Furthermore, educational practices through art, such as the STEAM paradigm, are being implemented gradually. However, the framework of how creativity should be fostered through art has not been sufficiently discussed. Based on studies of artists’ creative expertise, this study proposed a framework for fostering creativity through art. In addition, we conducted a year-long art program based on this framework in an online environment and investigated its effects. As a framework, we proposed the importance of long-term support for the dynamic development of participants’ creativity. We mainly focused on the following four components: active interaction with objects and the environment through bodily action, active interaction with others and their works (inspiration), exploration in creative processes (exploration), and promotion of intrinsic motivation and decrease in creativity anxiety (motivation). After a total of eight workshops over a year, we observed improvements in the participants’ creativity anxiety, divergent thinking skills, images of art and creation, and openness to others. We discussed the effectiveness of the proposed framework and the advantages and limitations of using an online environment.

Keywords

Agata, T., & Okada, T. (2010). How Do Perceptions of Artistic Creation Affect Motivation for Artistic Expression and Art Appreciation? The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 58(4), 438–451. https://doi.org/10.5926/jjep.58.438 Search in Google Scholar

Allina, B. (2018). The development of STEAM educational policy to promote student creativity and social empowerment. Arts Education Policy Review, 119(2), 77–87. https://doi.org/10.1080/10632913.2017.1296392 Search in Google Scholar

Amabile, T.M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in organizational behavior, 10(1), 123–167. Search in Google Scholar

Amabile, T.M., Conti, R., Coon, H., Lazenby, J., & Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of management journal, 39(5), 1154–1184. https://doi.org/10.5465/256995 Search in Google Scholar

Beghetto, R.A. (2019). Structured uncertainty: How creativity thrives under constraints and uncertainty. In Creativity Under Duress in Education? (pp. 27–40). Springer, Cham. Search in Google Scholar

Botella, M., Glaveanu, V., Zenasni, F., Storme, M., Myszkowski, N., Wolff, M., & Lubart, T. (2013). How artists create: Creative process and multivariate factors. Learning and Individual Differences, 26, 161–170. https://https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2013.02.008 Search in Google Scholar

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1988). Motivation and creativity: Toward a synthesis of structural and energistic approaches to cognition. New Ideas in psychology, 6(2), 159–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/0732-118X(88)90001-3 Search in Google Scholar

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Society, culture, and person: A systems view of creativity. In The systems model of creativity (pp. 47–61). Springer, Dordrecht. Search in Google Scholar

Daker, R.J., Cortes, R.A., Lyons, I.M., & Green, A.E. (2020). Creativity anxiety: Evidence for anxiety that is specific to creative thinking, from STEM to the arts. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 149(1), 42. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0000630 Search in Google Scholar

Florida, R. (2002). The rise of the creative class. New York: Basic books. Search in Google Scholar

Florida, R.L., & Florida, R. (2005). Cities and the creative class. New York: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Gates, A.E. (2017). Benefits of a STEAM collaboration in Newark, New Jersey: Volcano simulation through a glass-making experience. Journal of Geoscience Education, 65(1), 4–11. https://doi.org/10.5408/16-188.1 Search in Google Scholar

Getzels, J.W., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1976). The Creative Vision: Longitudinal Study of Problem Finding in Art. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons Inc. Search in Google Scholar

Glăveanu, V.P. (2013). Rewriting the language of creativity: The Five A’s framework. Review of General Psychology, 17(1), 69–81. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0029528 Search in Google Scholar

Graham, N.J., & Brouillette, L. (2016). Using Arts Integration to Make Science Learning Memorable in the Upper Elementary Grades: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Journal for Learning through the Arts, 12(1). Search in Google Scholar

Gruber, T.R. (1989). Automated knowledge acquisition for strategic knowledge. In Knowledge Acquisition: Selected Research and Commentary (pp. 47–90). Boston, MA: Springer. Search in Google Scholar

Guilford, J.P. (1950). Creativity. American psychologist, 5(9). https://doi.org/10.1037/h0063487 Search in Google Scholar

Inoa, R., Weltsek, G., & Tabone, C. (2014). A Study on the Relationship between Theater Arts and Student Literacy and Mathematics Achievement. Journal for Learning through the Arts, 10(1), n1. https://doi.org/10.21977/D910123495 Search in Google Scholar

Ishiguro, C., & Okada, T. (2020). How Does Art Viewing Inspires Creativity?. The Journal of Creative Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.469 Search in Google Scholar

McGranahan, D., & Wojan, T. (2007). Recasting the creative class to examine growth processes in rural and urban counties. Regional studies, 41(2), 197–216. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343400600928285 Search in Google Scholar

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2018). The future of education and skills: Education 2030. OECD Education Working Papers. Search in Google Scholar

Okada, T., Yokochi, S., Ishibashi, K., & Ueda, K. (2009). Analogical modification in the creation of contemporary art. Cognitive Systems Research, 10(3), 189–203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogsys.2008.09.007 Search in Google Scholar

Okada, T., & Ishibashi, K. (2017). Imitation, inspiration, and creation: Cognitive process of creative drawing by copying others’ artworks. Cognitive science, 41(7), 1804–1837. https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12442 Search in Google Scholar

Perignat, E., & Katz-Buonincontro, J. (2019). STEAM in practice and research: An integrative literature review. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 31, 31–43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2018.10.002 Search in Google Scholar

Root-Bernstein, R., Allen, L., Beach, L., Bhadula, R., Fast, J., Hosey, C., ... & Weinlander, S. (2008). Arts foster scientific success: Avocations of nobel, national academy, royal society, and sigma xi members. Journal of Psychology of Science and Technology, 1(2), 51–63. https://doi.org/10.1891/1939-7054.1.2.51 Search in Google Scholar

Scott, G., Leritz, L.E., & Mumford, M. D. (2004). The effectiveness of creativity training: A quantitative review. Creativity research journal, 16(4), 361–388. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400410409534549 Search in Google Scholar

Shimizu, D., & Okada, T. (2018). How do creative experts practice new skills? Exploratory practice in break-dancers. Cognitive science, 42(7), 2364–2396. https://doi.org/10.1111/cogs.12668 Search in Google Scholar

Shimizu, D., Hirashima, M., & Okada, T. (2019). Interaction between Idea-generation and Idea-externalization Processes in Artistic Creation: Study of an Expert Breakdancer. Proceedings of the of the 41st annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 1041–1047. Search in Google Scholar

Shimizu, D., & Okada, T. (2020). Relaxation and Reorganization of “Internal Constraints” in Artistic Creation: Studies Focusing on the Embodiment of Ideas and Interaction with Others in Breakdance. In K. Knutson, T. Okada, & K. Crowley (Eds.), Multidisciplinary Approaches to Art Learning and Creativity (pp. 47-63). New York: Routledge. Search in Google Scholar

Shimizu, D., & Okada, T. (2021). Interaction between the action and cognition in creativity: perception and action-based imagination framework. Proceedings of the of the 43st annual conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Search in Google Scholar

Scott, G., Leritz, L.E., & Mumford, M.D. (2004). The effectiveness of creativity training: A quantitative review. Creativity research journal, 16(4), 361–388. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400410409534549 Search in Google Scholar

Takagi, K., Okada, T., & Yokochi, S. (2013). Formation of an art concept: How is visual information from photography utilized by the artist in concept formation?. Cognitive Studies: Bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society, 20(1), 59–78. https://doi.org/10.11225/jcss.20.59 Search in Google Scholar

Torrance, E.P. (1960). Explorations in creative thinking. Education, 81, 216–220. Search in Google Scholar

Torrance, E.P. (1962). Cultural discontinuities and the development of originality of thinking. Exceptional Children, 29(1), 2–13. https://doi.org/10.1177/001440296202900102 Search in Google Scholar

Torrance, E.P., & Hall, L.K. (1980). Assessing the Further Reaches of Creative Potential. Journal of Creative Behavior, 14(1), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2162-6057.1980.tb00220.x Search in Google Scholar

Ward, T.B. (1994). Structured imagination: The role of category structure in exemplar generation. Cognitive psychology, 27(1), 1–40. https://doi.org/10.1006/cogp.1994.1010 Search in Google Scholar

Ward, B.W. (2004). Faith, Romance, and Imagination: Newman the Storyteller. In Victorian Religious Discourse (pp. 175–187). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Search in Google Scholar

Ward, T.B., & Sifonis, C.M. (1997). Tosh demands and generative thinking: What changes and what remains the same?. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 31(4), 245–259. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2162-6057.1997.tb00797.x Search in Google Scholar

Wojan, T.R., Lambert, D.M., & McGranahan, D.A. (2007). Emoting with their feet: Bohemian attraction to creative milieu. Journal of economic geography, 7(6), 711–736. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbm029 Search in Google Scholar

Yokochi, S., & Okada, T. (2005). Creative cognitive process of art making: A field study of a traditional Chinese ink painter. Creativity Research Journal, 17(2–3), 241–255. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15326934crj1702&3_9 Search in Google Scholar

Yokochi, S., & Okada, T. (2020). The Process of Art-making and Creative Expertise: An Analysis of Artists’ Process Modification. The Journal of Creative Behavior. https://doi.org/doi:10.1002/jocb.472 Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo