1. bookVolume 7 (2020): Issue 2 (December 2020)
Journal Details
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
access type Open Access

Everyday Creativity in Times of COVID-19: A Qualitative Study from Argentina

Published Online: 26 Jan 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 7 (2020) - Issue 2 (December 2020)
Page range: 230 - 250
Received: 05 Sep 2020
Accepted: 13 Dec 2020
Journal Details
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year

The main objective was to study creative processes in isolation by COVID-19. We analyzed, from the participants’ perspective, activities, emotions, and motivations linked to everyday creativity in quarantine. The study was carried out between March 27 and April 12, 2020, in Argentina, during Social and Preventive Isolation by COVID-19. The sample included 302 men and women who lived in different provinces in Argentina: Córdoba, Buenos Aires, San Luis, La Pampa, and San Juan. The participants’ ages ranged from 18 to 77 years. All participants answered an online questionnaire with open-ended questions. We analyzed textual data, images, and videos with ATLAS.TI8. From qualitative analyses, we elaborated four categories: With things we had at home: creative activities in isolation; Alone, but not so alone; Being and feeling in isolation; Creativity, motivations, and quarantine. The results indicated that most participants carried out various creative activities in quarantine. These activities generated positive emotions and allowed to face negative emotions related to the pandemic. The motivations had been varied, although reasons related to enjoyment, coping, and sharing with other people are predominant. Apparent paradoxes arise from the analysis of everyday creativity in the time of COVID-19. The knowledge produced in the study can contribute to formulate psychological interventions and public health policies during a pandemic.


American Psychological Association’s (2017). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/ethics-code-2017.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Arbillaga, L., Elisondo, R. C., & Melgar, M. F. (2018). Espacios que proyectan hacia nuevos horizontes. La danza como puente entre la creatividad y lo cotidiano. Estud ios sobre Arte Actual, (6), 21–33.Search in Google Scholar

Beghetto, R. A., Kaufman, J. C., & Hatcher, R. (2016). Applying creativity research to cooking. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 50 (3), 171–177. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.12410.1002/jocb.124Search in Google Scholar

Benedek, M., Bruckdorfer, R., & Jauk, E. (2019). Motives for Creativity: Exploring the what and why of everyday creativity. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 0 (0) 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.3910.1002/jocb.39Search in Google Scholar

Benedek, M., Jauk, E., Kerschenbauer, K., Anderwald, R., & Grond, L. (2017). Creating art: An experience sampling study in the domain of moving image art. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 11, 325–334. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca000010210.1037/aca0000102Search in Google Scholar

Brillenburg Wurth, K. (2019). The Creativity Paradox: An Introductory Essay. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 53(2), 127–132. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.23110.1002/jocb.231Search in Google Scholar

Brooks, S., Webster, R., Smith, L., Woodland, L., Wessely S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. Lancet, 395, 912–920. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-810.1016/S0140-6736(20)30460-8Search in Google Scholar

Conner, T. S., & Silvia, P. J. (2015). Creative days: A daily diary study of emotion, personality, and everyday creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 9, 463–470. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca000002210.1037/aca0000022Search in Google Scholar

Conner, T. S., DeYoung, C. G., & Silvia, P. J. (2018). Everyday creative activity as a path to flourishing. The Journal of Positive Psychology, 13, 181–189. https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2016.125704910.1080/17439760.2016.1257049Search in Google Scholar

Corazza, G. (2017) Organic Creativity for Well-Being in the Post-Information Society. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 13(4), 599–605. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v13i4.154714Search in Google Scholar

Corazza, G. & Glăveanu, V. (2020) Potential in Creativity: Individual, Social, Material Perspectives, and a Dynamic Integrative Framework. Creativity Research Journal, 32 (1), 81–91. https://doi.org/10.1080/10400419.2020.171216110.1080/10400419.2020.1712161Search in Google Scholar

Cotter, K. N., & Silvia, P. J. Ecological assessment in research on aesthetics, creativity, and the arts: Basic concepts, common questions, and gentle warnings. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 13(2), 211–217. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca000021810.1037/aca0000218Search in Google Scholar

Cropley, A. J. (1997). Creativity: A bundle of paradoxes. Gifted and Talented International, 12, 9–15. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15332276.1997.1167285910.1080/15332276.1997.11672859Search in Google Scholar

Elisondo, R. (2016). Creativity is always a social process. Creativity. Theories-ResearchApplications, 3(2), 194–210.10.1515/ctra-2016-0013Search in Google Scholar

Elisondo, R. C., & Vargas, A. (2019). Women’s Everyday Creative Activities: a Qualitative Study. Creativity. Theories-Research-Applications, 6(1), 91–111.10.1515/ctra-2019-0006Search in Google Scholar

Fancourt, D., Garnett, C., & Müllensiefen, D. (2020, January 13). The relationship between demographics, behavioral and experiential engagement factors, and the use of artistic creative activities to regulate emotions. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/aca000029610.1037/aca0000296Search in Google Scholar

Forgeard, M. J. C. (2013). Perceiving benefits after adversity: The relationship between self-reported posttraumatic growth and creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 7(3), 245–264. https://doi.org/10.1037/a003122310.1037/a0031223Search in Google Scholar

Gandolfo, E., & Grace, M. (2010). Women doing it forever: The everyday creativity of women craftmakers. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Art Therapy (ANZJAT), 5(1), 29–43. Retrieved from http://vuir.vu.edu.au/15967/1/15967.pdfSearch in Google Scholar

Gfeller, F. (2019). Changing one’s foodway: Creativity as repositioning. In The Palgrave Handbook of Social Creativity Research (pp. 335–352). Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.10.1007/978-3-319-95498-1_21Search in Google Scholar

Glăveanu, V. P., Hanchett Hanson, M., Baer, J., Barbot, B., Clapp, E. P., Corazza, G. E., & Montuori, A. (2020). Advancing creativity theory and research: A socio-cultural manifesto. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 54(3), 741–745.10.1002/jocb.395Search in Google Scholar

Glăveanu, V. P. (2020). New Mobilities and Psychology: Why are We Still Not on the Move?. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 16(2), 186–192. https://doi.org/10.5964/ejop.v16i2.311710.5964/ejop.v16i2.3117Search in Google Scholar

Glăveanu, V. P. (2019). Epilogue: Creativity as immersed detachment. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 53(2), 189–192. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.24210.1002/jocb.242Search in Google Scholar

Glăveanu, V.P., Hanchett Hanson, M., Baer, J., Barbot, B., Clapp, E., Corazza, G.E. & Sternberg, R. (2019). Advancing creativity theory and research: A sociocultural manifesto. Journal of Creative Behavior. 54(3), 741–745 https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.39510.1002/jocb.395Search in Google Scholar

Glăveanu, V. & Sierra, Z. (2015) Creativity and epistemologies of the South. Culture & Psychology, 21(3), 340–358. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354067X1560119610.1177/1354067X15601196Search in Google Scholar

Johnson, M.C., Saletti-Cuesta, L., & Tumas, N. (2020). Emociones, preocupacionesy reflexiones frente a la pandemia del COVID-19 en Argentina. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 25, 2447–2456. https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-81232020256.1.1047202010.1590/1413-81232020256.1.10472020Search in Google Scholar

Karwowski, M., Lebuda, I., Szumski, G., & Firkowska-Mankiewicz, A. (2017). From momentto-moment to day-to-day: Experience sampling and diary investigations in adults’ everyday creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 11, 309–324. https://doi.org/10.1037/aca000012710.1037/aca0000127Search in Google Scholar

Kaufman, J. C., & Beghetto, R. A. (2009). Beyond big and little: The four c model of creativity. Review of general psychology, 13(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1037/a001368810.1037/a0013688Search in Google Scholar

Li, S., Wan, Y., Xue, J., Zhao, N., & Zhu, T. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Epidemic Declaration on Psychological Consequences: A Study on Active Weibo Users. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(6), 2032. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph1706203210.3390/ijerph17062032Search in Google Scholar

McCabe, M., & de Waal Malefyt, T. (2015). Creativity and cooking: Motherhood, agency and social change in everyday life. Journal of Consumer Culture, 15(1), 48–65. https://doi.org/10.1177/146954051349320210.1177/1469540513493202Search in Google Scholar

Modrzejewska-Świgulska, M. (2018). Professional Competences. Reconstruction of the Opinions of Polish Female Directors. Creativity. Theories-Research-Applications, 5(1), 72–83. https://doi.org/10.1515/ctra-2018-000510.1515/ctra-2018-0005Search in Google Scholar

Official Gazette of the Argentine Republic (2020). Mandatory and Preventive Social Isolation. Decree 297/2020. Retrieved from https://www.boletinoficial.gob.ar/detalleAviso/ primera/227042/20200320Search in Google Scholar

Pöllänen, S. (2015). Elements of crafts that enhance well-being: Textile craft makers' descriptions of their leisure activity. Journal of Leisure Research, 47(1), 58-78. https://doi.org/10.1080/00222216.2015.1195035110.1080/00222216.2015.11950351Search in Google Scholar

Richards, R. (2010). Everyday creativity. In J. C. Kaufman & Sternberg, R. J. (Eds.). The Cambridge handbook of creativity. (pp. 189-215). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Shigemura, J., Ursano, R. J., Morganstein, J. C., Kurosawa, M., & Benedek, D. M. (2020).Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (Advance online publication). https://doi.org/10.1111/pcn.1298810.1111/pcn.12988Search in Google Scholar

Silvia, P. J., Beaty, R. E., Nusbaum, E. C., Eddington, K. M., Levin-Aspenson, H., & Kwapil, T. R. (2014). Everyday creativity in daily life: An experience-sampling study of “little c” creativity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 8(2), 183-188. https://doi.org/10.1037/a003572210.1037/a0035722Search in Google Scholar

Stankovska, G., Memedi, I., Dimitrovski, D. (2020). Coronavirus COVID-19 Disease, mental Health and Psychosocial Support. Society Register, 4(2), 33-48. https://doi.org/10.14746/sr.2020.4.2.0310.14746/sr.2020.4.2.03Search in Google Scholar

Stierand, M., Boje, D. M., Glăveanu, V., Dörfler, V., Haley, U. C., & Feuls, M. (2019). Paradoxes of “creativity”: Examining the creative process through an antenarrative lens. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 53(2), 165-170. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.22410.1002/jocb.224Search in Google Scholar

Tan, C. S., Lau, X. S., Kung, Y. T., & Kailsan, R. A. L. (2019). Openness to experience enhances creativity: The mediating role of intrinsic motivation and the creative process engagement. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 53(1), 109-119. https://doi.org/10.1002/jocb.17010.1002/jocb.170Search in Google Scholar

Tanggaard, L. (2013). The sociomateriality of creativity in everyday life. Culture & Psychology, 19(1), 20-32. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354067X1246498710.1177/1354067X12464987Search in Google Scholar

Torales, J., O’Higgins, M., Castaldelli-Maia, J. M., & Ventriglio, A. (2020). The outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus and its impact on global mental health. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 31(Advance online publication) https://doi.org/10.1177/002076402091521210.1177/0020764020915212Search in Google Scholar

Vinkers, C. H., van Amelsvoort, T., Bisson, J. I., Branchi, I., Cryan, J. F., Domschke, K., & van der Wee, N. (2020). Stress resilience during the coronavirus pandemic. European Neuropsychopharmacology, 35, 12-16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.05.00310.1016/j.euroneuro.2020.05.003Search in Google Scholar

Wang, C., Pan, R., Wan, X., Tan, Y., Xu, L., Ho, C.S., & Ho, R.C. (2020). Immediate Psychological Responses and Associated Factors during the Initial Stage of the 2019 Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Epidemic among the General Population in China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17, 1729-1754. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph1705172910.3390/ijerph17051729Search in Google Scholar

World Health Organization (2020) Update of the strategy in front to COVID-19. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/covid-strategy-update-14april2020_es.pdf?sfvrsn=86c0929d_10Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo