1. bookVolume 1 (2018): Issue 1 (September 2018)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2601-9388
First Published
30 Sep 2018
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Association of Coronary Wall Shear Stress With Atheromatous Plaque Vulnerability: A Systematic Review

Published Online: 03 Oct 2018
Volume & Issue: Volume 1 (2018) - Issue 1 (September 2018)
Page range: 12 - 27
Received: 13 Jul 2018
Accepted: 29 Aug 2018
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2601-9388
First Published
30 Sep 2018
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Acute coronary syndromes are usually triggered by the erosion or rupture of a vulnerable coronary plaque. A vulnerable plaque (VP) is an atheromatous plaque which, after suffering different transformations, is prone to rupture causing an acute coronary event. Such a VP carries inside several biomarkers considered as “signatures of vulnerability”, which, if identified, can prompt timely initiation of therapeutic measures in order to prevent the development of an acute myocardial infarction. The most freqeuntly used techniques for identification of vulnerability markers are computed tomographic angiography (CTA), intravascular ultrasound and optical coherence tomography. Endothelial shear stress (ESS) represents a new promising biomarker associated with plaque vulnerability. Determination of ESS is nowadays possible using noninvasive imaging techniques, based on complex computational post-processing of multiple datasets extracted from CTA images and advanced computational fluid dynamics technologies. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the role of the coronary ESS, determined using advanced computational techniques for image post-processing, as a feature associated with CTA-derived biomarkers of atheromatous plaque vulnerability, underlining the conceptual differences between high ESS and low ESS as promotors of vulnerability.

Keywords

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