1. bookVolume 24 (2014): Issue 24 (June 2014)
    Quarterly
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
22 Dec 2008
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Copyright
© 2020 Sciendo

Reframing place-based economic development in South Africa: the example of local economic development

Published Online: 15 Nov 2014
Page range: 203 - 218
Received: 03 Mar 2014
Accepted: 28 Mar 2014
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
22 Dec 2008
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Copyright
© 2020 Sciendo

Local Economic Development (LED) planning is a place-based approach to development planning and increasingly significant across much of the global South. One of the key challenges facing LED planning is the necessity to adjust planning in relation to the dynamic nature of both international and national framework conditions. The purpose of this article is to show this challenge by examining the dynamic nature of the national policy environment impacting upon LED planning in South Africa, a country which has a relatively long history of LED planning. Five dimensions of the changing landscape of national economic development planning in South Africa are identified. These relate to (a) LED within the context of new national economic and development plans; (b) initiatives for reindustrialising the South African economy, the associated importance of localisation and promotion of the green economy; (c) changing programmes around small business development; (d) shifts in rural development interventions; and (e) the fluid spatial context within which LED planning as a form of placebased economic development is embedded.

Keywords

Abrahams, D., 2003: Local Economic Development in South Africa: A Useful Tool for Sustainable Development. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 14 (2/3), pp. 185-200.Search in Google Scholar

Akudugu, J.A., 2013: Organising and Implementing Local Economic Development Initiatives at the District Level in Ghana, unpublished PhD dissertation Rheinischen Friedrich-Wilhelms Universitat, Bonn.Search in Google Scholar

Akudugu, J.A. and Laube, W., 2013: Implementing Local Economic Development in Ghana: Multiple Actors and Rationalities, Bonn: ZEF Working Paper Series, No. 113.Search in Google Scholar

Archary, L., 2011: Comprehensive Rural Development Programme: Rural Infrastructure Development, Pretoria: Department of Rural Development and Land Reform.Search in Google Scholar

Barca, F., McCann, P. and Rodriguez-Pose, A., 2012: The Case for Regional Development Intervention: Place-based Versus-Place-neutral Approaches. In: Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 52, pp. 134-152.Search in Google Scholar

Bartik, T.J., 2003: Local Economic Development Policies, Kalamazoo, Michigan: Upjohn Institute Staff Working Paper No. 03-91.Search in Google Scholar

Bond, P., 2003: Debates in Local Economic Development: Policy and Practice. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 14 (2-3), pp. 147-164.Search in Google Scholar

Cullinan, M., 2011: Green Governance: Building Resilience in Our Urban Systems. In: Technical Assistance Unit Review, Vol. 3 (July), pp. 34-43.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Economic Development, 2010: The New Growth Path Framework, Pretoria: DED.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Economic Development, 2011a: Accord 3: Local Procurement Accord, Pretoria: DED.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Economic Development, 2011b: Accord 4: Green Economy Accord, Pretoria: DED Department of Economic Development, 2012a: Strategic Plan 2012/13-2016/17, Pretoria: DED.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Economic Development, 2012b: Terms of Reference for EDD’s rapid RLED intervention in KZN, unpublished internal document, Pretoria: DED.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Economic Development, Department of Rural Development and Land Reform and CSIR, 2012: ‘Functional Regions’ - A Spatial Development Response, Upublished Terms of Reference, Pretoria.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Provincial and Local Government, 2006: Stimulating and Developing Sustainable Local Economies: National Framework for Local Economic Development (LED) in South Africa, Pretoria: DPLG.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, 2012a: Mid-Term Review of the Department of Rural Development & Land Reform, Pretoria: DRDLR Department of Rural Development and Land Reform, 2012b: Background, available at: www.ruraldevelopment.gov.za, Accessed 14 November 2013Search in Google Scholar

Department of Trade and Industry, 2011: Medium-term Strategic Plan 2011-2014, Pretoria: DTI.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Trade and Industry, 2012a: Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP) 2012/13 - 2014/15, Pretoria: DTI.Search in Google Scholar

Department of Trade and Industry, 2012b: Incubation Support Programme (ISP): Programme Guidelines, Pretoria, DTI.Search in Google Scholar

Gunter, A., 2014: Mega Events as a Pretext for Infrastructure Development: The Case of the All African Games Athletes Village, Alexandra, Johannesburg. In: Szymańska, D. and Biegańska, J. editors, Bulletin of Geography: Socio-Economic Series, Vol. 23, pp. 39-52. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/bog-2014-0003Search in Google Scholar

Houghton, J., 2011: Negotiating the Global and the Local: Evaluating Development Through Public-Private Partnerships in Durban, In: Urban Forum, Vol. 22, pp. 75-93.Search in Google Scholar

Hoogendoorn, G. and Visser, G., 2010: The Role of Second Homes in Local Economic Development in Five Small South African Towns. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 27 (4), pp. 547-562.Search in Google Scholar

Lawrence, F., 2013: The Role of Local Economic Development Agencies in the South African Economic Development Landscape. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 24 (4), pp. 523-541.Search in Google Scholar

Malefane, S.R., 2013: Small, Medium and Micro Enterprise and Local Economic Base Restructuring - A South African Local Government Perspective. In: Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 48, pp. 672-691.Search in Google Scholar

Marais, L., 2010: Donor-driven Local Economic Development in Peripheral Areas of KwaZulu-Natal: The Gijima Programme. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 27 (4), pp. 517-530.Search in Google Scholar

Marais, L., 2013: The Impact of Mine Downscaling on the Free State Goldfields. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 24, pp. 503-521.Search in Google Scholar

Masutha, M., 2014: Small Business Incubators in South Africa: Emergence, Geography and Local Impacts. Unpublished MSc Dissertation, University of Johannesburg.Search in Google Scholar

National Planning Commission, 2011: National Development Plan: Vision for 2030. Pretoria: National Planning Commission.Search in Google Scholar

National Treasury, 2012: Regional Economic Development Context. Presentation at the ERLN Workshop Durban 25-26 September.Search in Google Scholar

National Treasury, CoGTA, DTI, EDD & SALGA, 2012: National Group ‘on fire’. Pretoria: National Treasury, CoGTA, DTI, EDD & SALGA Nattrass, N., 2011: The New Growth Path: Game Changing Vision or Cop-out?. In: South African Journal of Science, Vol. 107 (3/4), pp. 1-8.Search in Google Scholar

Ndabeni, L.L., 2012: Small Medium and Micro Enterprises in South Africa’s National System of Innovation. Preliminary report prepared for the Global Research Network for Learning, Innovation and Competence Building Systems, Economics Institute of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E., 2001: Local Economic Development: A Review and Assessment of its Current Status in South Africa. In: Urban Studies, Vol. 38, pp. 1003-1024.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E. and Binns, T., 2002a: Decline and Response in South Africa’s Free State Goldfields: Local Economic Development in Matjhabeng. In: Third World Planning Review, Vol. 24, pp. 249-269.Search in Google Scholar

Nel E. and Binns, T., 2002b: Place Marketing, Tourism Promotion and Community-based Local Economic Development in Post-apartheid South Africa: The Case of Still Bay - the “Bay of Sleeping Beauty”. In: Urban Affairs Review, Vol. 32, pp. 184-208.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E. and Binns, T, 2003: Putting ’Developmental Local Government’ into Practice: The Experience of South Africa’s Towns and Cities. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 14 (2-3), pp. 165-184.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E. and Goldman, I., 2006: Overview of LED in South Africa and the Findings of the World Bank/ /DBSA study, Paper presented at the National Workshop on LED, Johannesburg, 14-15 August.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E. and Rogerson, C.M. editors, 2005a: Local Economic Development in the Developing World: The Experience of Southern Africa. New Brunswick NJ and London: Transaction Press.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E. and Rogerson, C.M., 2005b: Pro-poor Local Economic Development in South Africa’s Cities: Policy and Practice. In: Africa Insight, Vol. 35 (4), pp. 15-20.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E. and Rogerson, C.M., 2007: Evolving Local Economic Development Policy and Practice in South Africa with Special Reference to Smaller Urban Centres. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 18, pp. 1-11.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E. and Rogerson, C.M., 2013: Special Economic Zones in South Africa: Reflections from International Debates. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 24, pp. 205-217.Search in Google Scholar

Nel, E., Binns, T. and Bek, D., 2009: Misplaced Expectations?: The Experience of Applied Local Economic Development in Post-apartheid South Africa. In: Local Economy, Vol. 24, pp. 224-237.Search in Google Scholar

Osiba Research, 2011: Rethinking Small Business Support in South Africa. Unpublished Report submitted to the DTI, Pretoria.Search in Google Scholar

Pillay, M. and Rogerson, C.M., 2012: Agriculture-Tourism Linkages and Pro-poor Impacts: The Accommodation Sector of Coastal Kwa-Zulu-Natal, South Africa. In: Applied Geography, Vol. 36, pp. 49-58Search in Google Scholar

Ramluckan, S. and Thomas, W., 2011: Raising Businesses. In: Agenda, Vol. 2, pp. 18-21.Search in Google Scholar

Ramukumba, T., 2012: The Local Economic Development in the Eden District Municipality, Western Cape Province, South Africa: A Case Study of Emerging Entrepreneurs in the Tourism Industry. In: American Journal of Tourism Research, Vol. 1 (1), pp. 9-15.Search in Google Scholar

Rodriguez-Pose, A., 2008: Milestones and Challenges of LED Practice and Academic Research. In: @local.glob, Vol. 5, pp. 22-24.Search in Google Scholar

Rodriguez-Pose, A. and Palavicini-Corona, E.I., 2013: Does Local Economic Development Really Work?: Assessing LED Across Mexican Municipalities. In: Geoforum, Vol. 44, pp. 303-315.Search in Google Scholar

Rodriguez-Pose, A. and Tijmstra, S. 2007: Local Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa. In: Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Vol. 25, pp. 516-536.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 1996: Image Enhancement and Local Economic Development in Johannesburg. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 7 (2), pp. 139-158.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 1999: Local Economic Development and Urban Poverty Alleviation: The Experience of Post-apartheid South Africa. In: Habitat International, Vol. 23 (4), pp. 511-534.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2000: Local Economic Development in an Era of Globalisation: The Case of South African Cities. In: Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Vol. 91, pp. 397-411.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2002: Tourism-led Local Economic Development: The South African Experience. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 13, pp. 95-119.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2003: Towards Pro-poor Local Economic Development: The Case for Sectoral Targeting in South Africa. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 14, pp. 53-79.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2004a: Pro-poor Local Economic Development in Post-apartheid South Africa: The Johannesburg Fashion District. In: International Development Planning Review, Vol. 26, pp. 401-429.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2004b: Pro-poor Local Economic Development in South Africa: The Application of Public Procurement. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 15, pp. 180-210.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2004c: The Impact of the South African Government’s SMME Programmes: A Ten Year Review. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 21, pp. 765-784.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2006: Pro-poor Local Economic Development in South Africa: The Role of Pro-poor tourism. In: Local Environment, Vol. 11, pp. 37-60.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2007: Tourism Routes as Vehicles for Local Economic Development in South Africa: The Example of the Magaliesberg Meander. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 18(2), pp. 49-68.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson C.M., 2008a: Consolidating Local Economic Development in South Africa. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 19, pp. 307-328.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2008b: Integrating SMMEs in Value Chains: The Role of South Africa’s Tourism Enterprise Programme. In: Africa Insight, Vol. 38 (1), pp. 1-19.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2009: Local Investment Incentives for Urban Economic Development: Recent Debates in South African Cities. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 20, pp. 437-453.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson C.M., 2010a: Local Economic Development in South Africa: Key Strategic Challenges. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 27, pp. 481-495.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2010b: In Search of Public Sector Private Sector Partnerships for Local Economic Development in South Africa. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 21, pp. 441-456.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2010c: Economic Governance and the Local Business Environment: Evidence from Two Economically Lagging Provinces of South Africa. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 21, pp. 349-366.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson C.M., 2011a: Tracking Local Economic Development Policy and Practice in South Africa, 1994-2009. In: Urban Forum, Vol. 22, pp. 149-168.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2011b: Mining Enterprise, Regulatory Frameworks and Local Economic Development in South Africa. In: African Journal of Business Management, Vol. 5 (35), pp. 13373-13382.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M. 2012a: Tourism-Agriculture Linkages in Rural South Africa: Evidence From the Accommodation Sector. In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism, Vol. 20, pp. 477-495.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2012b: Mining-Dependent Localities in South Africa: The State of Partnerships for Small Town Local Development. In Urban Forum, Vol. 23, pp. 107-132.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2013a: Reframing Local Economic Development Futures in South Africa. In: Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 48 (4), pp. 640-656.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M., 2013b: Tourism and Local Development in South Africa: Challenging Local Governments. In: African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, Vol. 19 (Supplement 2), pp. 9-23.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson C.M. and Rogerson J.M., 2010a: Local Economic Development in Africa: Global Context and Research Directions. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 27, pp. 465-480.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M. and Rogerson, J.M., 2010b: Improving the Local Business Environment of Johannes burg. In: Development Southern Africa, Vol. 27 (4), pp. 577-593.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson, C.M. and Rogerson, J.M., 2011: Improving the Business Environment for Local Economic Development in South Africa. In: Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 46, pp. 994-1009.Search in Google Scholar

Rogerson C.M. and Rogerson J.M., 2012: Business Development and Local Economic Development in South Africa: Addressing the Disconnect. In: Acta Academica, Vol. 44 (2), pp. 41-69 .Search in Google Scholar

Ruecker, A. and Trah, G., 2007: Local and Regional Economic Development: Towards a Common Framework for GTZ’s LRED Interventions in South Africa.Search in Google Scholar

Eschborn: GTZ Sibanda, M.M., 2013: Small, Medium and Micro-enterprises in Local Economic Development: A South African Local Government Perspective. In: Journal of Public Administration, Vol. 48, pp. 657-671.Search in Google Scholar

Stoddart, H. and Rogerson, C.M., 2009: Tourism Routes, Local Economic Promotion and Pro-poor Development: The Crocodile Ramble, South Africa. In: Africa Insight, Vol. 38 (4), pp. 1-17.Search in Google Scholar

Swartz, M.N., 2011: Comprehensive Rural Development. Pretoria: DRDLR.Search in Google Scholar

The Presidency, 2011: Policy Forum: Tackling Inequality and Poverty in South Africa. Pretoria: The Presidency Programme to Support Pro-Poor Policy Development.Search in Google Scholar

Tomaney, A., Pike, A. and Rodriguez-Pose, A., 2010: Local and Regional Development in Times of Crisis. In: Environment and Planning A, Vol. 42, pp. 771-779.Search in Google Scholar

Tomaney, A., Pike, A. and Rodriguez-Pose, A., 2011: Local and Regional Development: Reflections and Futures. In Pike, A., Rodriguez-Pose, A. and Tomaney, J. editors, Handbook of Local and Regional Development, London: Routledge, pp. 618-630.Search in Google Scholar

Turok, I., 2010: South Africa’s Challenge of Shared Prosperity. In: Local Economy, Vol. 25, pp. 265-268.Search in Google Scholar

Turok, I., 2011: Spatial Economic Disparities in South Africa: Towards a New Research and Policy Agenda. Cape Town: Human Sciences Research Council.Search in Google Scholar

Van der Heijden, T., 2008: Key Issues in Local Economic Development in South Africa and A Potential Role for SALGA. Unpublished Position Paper prepared for the South African Local Government Association, Pretoria.Search in Google Scholar

Van der Merwe, C. and Rogerson, C.M., 2013: Industrial Heritage Tourism at The ‘Big Hole’, Kimberley, South Africa. In: African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance, Vol. 19 (Supplement 2), pp. 155-171.Search in Google Scholar

World Bank, 2002: Local Economic Development: Quick Reference, Washington D Search in Google Scholar

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo