1. bookVolume 4 (2014): Issue 1 (June 2014)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2674-4619
First Published
18 Jun 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

The Influence of Cultural Competence on the Interpretations of Territorial Identities in European Capitals of Culture

Published Online: 17 May 2014
Volume & Issue: Volume 4 (2014) - Issue 1 (June 2014)
Page range: 69 - 96
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2674-4619
First Published
18 Jun 2013
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The EU’s cultural initiative ‘the European Capital of Culture’ (ECOC) includes high identity political aims. It requires the designated cities to introduce and foster local, regional, and European cultural identities. In addition, the cities have used the designation as an opportunity to promote national cultural identity. Audiences of the ECOC events recognize and interpret different kinds of representations of territorial cultural identities from what the cities have to offer in culture. However, the contents of these interpretations vary drastically in the ECOCs. The article discusses whether the competence of interpreting the representations of territorial cultural identities is related to some social determinants of the audiences. Based on a questionnaire study conducted in recent ECOCs-Pécs (Hungary), Tallinn (Estonia), and Turku (Finland)-the study indicates that, for example, education, source of livelihood, and active cultural participation impact the interpretations of the representations of territorial cultural identities.

Keywords

Antonsich, M. & Holland, E. (2012), ‘Territorial attachment in the age of globalization: The case of Western Europe,’ European Urban and Regional Studies. Published online before print July 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/096977641244583010.1177/0969776412445830Search in Google Scholar

Axford, B. (2006), “The dialectic of borders and networks in Europe: reviewing ‘topological presuppositions’,” Comparative European Politics, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 160–182.10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110079Search in Google Scholar

Bauman, Z. (1992), Intimations of Postmodernity, Abingdon: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Beck, U. (1992), Risk Society. Towards a New Modernity, London: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

Bennett, T.; Emmison, M. & Frow, J. (1999), Accounting for Tastes: Australian Everyday Cultures, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Bennett, T.; Savage, M.; Bortolaia Silva, E.; Warde, A.; Gayo-Cal, M. & Wright, D. (2008), Culture, Class, Distinction, London: Routledge.10.4324/9780203930571Search in Google Scholar

Bhabba, H. (1994), The Location of Culture, London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Bohlman, P. (2009), Music, Nationalism, and the Making of a New Europe, London: Routledge.10.4324/9780203844496Search in Google Scholar

Bottero, W. (2010), “Intersubjectivity and Bourdieusian Approaches to ‘Identity’,” Cultural Sociology, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 3–22.10.1177/1749975509356750Search in Google Scholar

Bourdieu, P. (1974), ‘The school as a conservative force: scholastic achievement and cultural inequalities,’ in J. Eggleston (ed.) Contemporary Research in the Sociology of Education, London: Methuen, pp. 32–46.Search in Google Scholar

Bourdieu, P. (1984), Distinction. A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste, London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

—— (1987), ‘The forms of capital,’ in J. G. Richardson (ed.) Handbook of Theory and Research of the Sociology of Education, New York: Greenwood Press, pp. 241–258.Search in Google Scholar

—— (1991), Language and Symbolic Power, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Search in Google Scholar

—— (1993), Sociology in Question, London: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

—— (1998), Practical Reason, Stanford: Stanford University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Bourdieu, P. & Darbel, A. (1991), The Love of Art: European Art Museums and Their Public, Cambridge: Polity Press.Search in Google Scholar

Boyatzis, R. (1998), Transforming Qualitative Information: Thematic Analysis and Code Development, Thousand Oaks: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

Bradford, V. (2003), ‘Spiritual capital: Theorizing religion with Bourdieu against Bourdieu,’ Sociological Theory, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 150–174.10.1111/1467-9558.00182Search in Google Scholar

Cookson, P. & Persell, C. (1985), Preparing for Power: America’s Elite Boarding Schools, New York: Basic.Search in Google Scholar

Davey, G. (2009), “Using Bourdieu’s concept of habitus to explore narratives of transition,” European Educational Research Journal, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 276–284.10.2304/eerj.2009.8.2.276Search in Google Scholar

Davidson, A. C. (2008), “Through thick and thin: ‘European identification’ for a justified and legitimate European Union,” Journal of Contemporary European Research, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 32–47.10.30950/jcer.v4i1.58Search in Google Scholar

Delanty, G. (2003), ‘Is There a European Identity?’ Global Dialogue, vol. 5, no. 3–4. Retrieved from http://www.worlddialogue.org/content.php?id=269 [accessed 14 Mar 2014]Search in Google Scholar

DiMaggio, P. (1987), ‘Cultural capital and school success: The impact of status culture participation on grades of U.S. high school students,’ American Sociological Review, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 189–201.10.2307/2094962Search in Google Scholar

—— (1996), ‘Are art-museum visitors different from other people? The relationship between attendance and social and political attitudes in the United States,’ Poetics, vol. 24, nos. 2–4, pp. 161–180.Search in Google Scholar

DiMaggio, P. & Mohr, J. (1985), ‘Cultural capital, educational attainment, and marital election,’ American Journal of Sociology, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 1231–1261.10.1086/228209Search in Google Scholar

Dumais, S. (2002), ‘Cultural capital, gender, and school success: The role of habitus,’ Sociology of Education, vol. 75, no. 1, pp. 44–68.10.2307/3090253Search in Google Scholar

Farrell, L. (2010), ‘Pierre Bourdieu on European identity: Theories of habitus & cultural capital,’ Social and Political Review, vol. 20, pp. 107–115.Search in Google Scholar

Fornäs, J. (1995), Cultural Theory & Late Modernity, London: Sage.Search in Google Scholar

de Graaf, P. (1986), ‘The impact of financial and cultural resources on educational attainment in the Netherlands,’ Sociology of Education, vol. 59, no. 4, pp. 237–246.10.2307/2112350Search in Google Scholar

Giesen, B. (1991), Nationale Und Kulturelle Identitat: Studien Zur Entwicklung Des Kollektiven Bewusstseins in Der Neuzeit, Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.Search in Google Scholar

Hall, J. (1992), ‘The Capital(s) of culture: A nonholistic approach to status situations, class, gender, and ethnicity,’ in M. Lamont & M. Fournier (eds.) Cultivating Differences: Symbolic Boundaries and the Making of Inequality, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, pp. 257–285.Search in Google Scholar

Hall, S. (1990), ‘Cultural identity and diaspora,’ in J. Rutherford (ed.) Identity, Community, Culture, Difference, London: Lawrence & Wishart, pp. 222–237.Search in Google Scholar

—— (1992), ‘The question of cultural identity,’ in S. Hall, D. Held & T. McGrew (eds.) Modernity and Its Futures, Cambridge: Polity Press, pp. 273–325.Search in Google Scholar

Kaiser, R. & Nikiforova, E. (2008), ‘The performativity of scale: the social construction of scale effects in Narva, Estonia,’ Environment and Planning D: Society & Space, vol. 26, pp. 537–562.10.1068/d3307Search in Google Scholar

Kalmijn, M. & Kraaykamp, G. (1996), ‘Race, cultural capital, and schooling: An analysis of trends in the United States,’ Sociology of Education, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 22–34.10.2307/2112721Search in Google Scholar

Kuus, M. (2007), ‘Ubiquitous identities and elusive subjects: puzzles from Central Europe,’ Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, vol. 32, no. 1, pp. 90–101.10.1111/j.1475-5661.2007.00244.xSearch in Google Scholar

Lähdesmäki, T. (2011), ‘Contested identity politics: Analysis of the EU policy objectives and the local reception of the European Capital of Culture program,’ Baltic Journal of European Studies, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 134–166.Search in Google Scholar

—— (2012), ‘Rhetoric of unity and cultural diversity in the making of European cultural identity,’ International Journal of Cultural Policy, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 59–75.10.1080/10286632.2011.561335Search in Google Scholar

—— (2013a), ‘Interpretations of cultural identities in the European Capital of Culture events in Turku,’ Ethnologia Fennica, vol. 40, pp. 66–88.Search in Google Scholar

—— (2013b), ‘Identity politics of the European Capital of Culture initiative and the audience reception of cultural events compared,’ The Nordic Journal of Cultural Policy, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 340–365.10.18261/ISSN2000-8325-2013-02-09Search in Google Scholar

Lamont, M. (1987), ‘Cultural capital and the political behavior of professionals and managers: a comment on Brint,’ American Journal of Sociology, vol. 96, pp. 1501–1505.10.1086/228673Search in Google Scholar

Lamont, M. & Lareau, A. (1988), ‘Cultural capital: Allusions, gaps and glissandos in recent theoretical developments,’ Sociological Theory, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 153–168.10.2307/202113Search in Google Scholar

Lareau, A. (1987), Home Advantages: Social Class and Parental Interventions in Elementary Education, London: Falmer Press.Search in Google Scholar

Lewicka, M. (2005), ‘Ways to make people active: The role of place attachment, cultural capital, and neighborhood ties,’ Journal of Environmental Psychology, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 381–395.10.1016/j.jenvp.2005.10.004Search in Google Scholar

Lizardo, O. (2010), ‘Pierre Bourdieu as a post-cultural theorist,’ Cultural Sociology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1–22.Search in Google Scholar

Maffesoli, M. (1996), The Contemplation of the World: Figures of Community Style, Minnesota: Minnesota University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Marks, G. (1999), ‘Territorial identities in the European Union,’ in J. J. Anderson (ed.) Regional Integration and Democracy. Expanding on the European Experience, Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, pp. 69–91.Search in Google Scholar

Massey, D. (1995), ‘The conceptualization of place,’ in D. Massey & J. Pat (eds.) Place in the World, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 45–86.Search in Google Scholar

Paasi, A. (1996a), Territories, Boundaries and Consciousness. The Changing Geographies of the Finnish-Russian Border, Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.Search in Google Scholar

—— (1996b), ‘Inclusion, exclusion and the construction of territorial identities: Boundaries in the globalizing geopolitical landscape,’ Nordisk Samhällsgeografisk Tidskrift, vol. 23, pp. 6–23.Search in Google Scholar

—— (2000), ‘Territorial identities as social constructions,’ Hagar – International Social Science Review, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 91–113.Search in Google Scholar

—— (2003), ‘Region and place: Regional identity in question,’ Progress in Human Geography, vol. 27, pp. 475–485.Search in Google Scholar

—— (2009a), ‘Regions and regional dynamics,’ in C. Rumford (ed.) The Sage Handbook of European Studies, London: Sage, pp. 464–484.Search in Google Scholar

—— (2009b), “The resurgence of the ‘region’ and ‘regional identity’,” Review of International Studies, vol. 35, pp. 121–146.Search in Google Scholar

Prieur, A.; Rosenlund, L. & Skjott-Larsen, J. (2008), ‘Cultural capital today: A case study from Denmark’, Poetics, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 45–71.10.1016/j.poetic.2008.02.008Search in Google Scholar

Pöllmann, A. (2009), ‘Formal education and intercultural capital: towards attachment beyond narrow ethno-national boundaries?’ Educational Studies, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 537–545.10.1080/03055690902880240Search in Google Scholar

Prokkola, E-K.; Zimmerbauer, K. & Jakola, F. (2012), ‘Performance of regional identity in the implementation of European cross-border initiatives,’ European Urban and Regional Studies. Published online before print. http://dx.doi. org/0.1177/0969776412465629Search in Google Scholar

Purhonen, S.; Gronow, J. & Rahkonen, K. (2011), ‘Highbrow culture in Finland: Knowledge, taste and participation,’ Acta Sociologia, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 385–02.10.1177/0001699311422092Search in Google Scholar

Purhonen, S. & Wright D. (2013), ‘Methodological issues in national-comparative research on cultural tastes: The case of cultural capital in the UK and Finland,’ Cultural Sociology, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 257–273.10.1177/1749975512473462Search in Google Scholar

Reay, D. (2004), “It’s all becoming a habitus: beyond the habitual use of habitus in educational research,” British Journal of Sociology of Education, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 431–444.10.1080/0142569042000236934Search in Google Scholar

Relph, E. (1976), Place and Placelessness, London: Pion.Search in Google Scholar

Richards, G. & Rotariu, I. (2010), ‘2007 European Cultural Capital in Sibiu – Preliminary findings concerning the impact on major stakeholders,’ Studies in Business and Economics, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 146–155.Search in Google Scholar

Robertson, D.; Smyth, J. & McIntosh, I. (2008), Neighbourhood Identity. People, Time and Place, Layerthorpe: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.Search in Google Scholar

Rosenlund, L. (2009), Exploring the City with Bourdieu: Applying Pierre Bourdieu’s Theories and Methods to Study the Community, Saarbrücken: VDM.Search in Google Scholar

Sack, D. (1997), Homo Geographicus, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Said, E. W. (1985), Orientalism, London: Penguin Books.Search in Google Scholar

Shore, C. (2000), Building Europe: The Cultural Politics of European Integration, London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

—— (2004), ‘Whither European citizenship? Eros and civilization revisited,’ European Journal of Social Theory, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 27–44.10.1177/1368431004040018Search in Google Scholar

Stråth, B. (2002), ‘A European Identity: To the historical limits of a concept,’ European Journal of Social Theory, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 387–401.10.1177/136843102760513965Search in Google Scholar

Sulkunen, P. (1982), ‘On the cultural sociology of Pierre Bourdieu,’ Acta Sociologica, vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 103–115.10.1177/000169938202500201Search in Google Scholar

Taylor, S. J. & Bogdan, R. (1984), Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods: The Search for Meanings, New York: John Wiley & Sons.Search in Google Scholar

Terlouw, K. (2012), ‘From thick to thin regional identities?’ GeoJournal, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 707–721.10.1007/s10708-011-9422-xSearch in Google Scholar

Trueba, H. (2009), ‘Multiple ethnic, racial, and cultural identities in action: From marginality to a new cultural capital in modern society,’ Journal of Latinos and Education, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 7–28.10.1207/S1532771XJLE0101_2Search in Google Scholar

de Vaus, D. (2004), Surveys in Social Research, London: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Zhang, Y. & Wildemuth, B. M. (2009), ‘Qualitative analysis of content,’ in B. M. Wildemuth (ed.) Applications of Social Research Methods to Questions in Information and Library Science, Westport: Libraries Unlimited, pp. 308–319. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo