1. bookVolume 21 (2021): Issue 3 (July 2021)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Open Access

Effect of Laying Hen Genotype, Age and Some Interior Egg Quality Traits on Lysozyme Content

Published Online: 05 Aug 2021
Volume & Issue: Volume 21 (2021) - Issue 3 (July 2021)
Page range: 1119 - 1132
Received: 16 Jun 2020
Accepted: 17 Nov 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The objective of the study was to evaluate the quality of eggs laid by native breed hens of different ages (33 and 53 weeks of age), with particular consideration of the lysozyme parameters. Eggs were collected from 6 breeds/strains of laying hens under the genetic resources conservation in Poland, i.e. Greenleg Partridge (Z-11), Yellowleg Partridge (Ż-33), Rhode Island Red (R-11), Rhode Island White (A-33), Sussex (S-66) and Leghorn (H-22). The yolks of eggs from older hens had a more favourable, intense colour, but the freshness parameters (albumen height and Haugh units) of these eggs were lower. The albumen of eggs from older hens showed greater content and higher enzymatic activity of lysozyme in both thin and thick albumen. Among the six strains of hens, lysozyme content and enzymatic activity were highest in the egg albumen of strains Ż-33, Z-11 and R-11, and lowest in that of strain H-22. The analysed eggs showed statistically significant correlations between some interior egg quality traits (albumen weight, albumen height, Haugh units, yolk colour) and the discussed enzyme parameters. These traits are influenced by genotype and age of the hens.

Keywords

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