1. bookVolume 20 (2020): Issue 3 (July 2020)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Defect in Mitochondrial NADH-Dehydrogenase Genes in Canine Mast Cell Tumours

Published Online: 01 Aug 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 20 (2020) - Issue 3 (July 2020)
Page range: 919 - 937
Received: 17 Oct 2019
Accepted: 27 Feb 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2300-8733
First Published
25 Nov 2011
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Recent studies have demonstrated a significant role of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) defects in the pathogenesis of many human and some canine tumours. The aim of this study was to identify mutations in the ND2 and ND4 mitochondrial genes in canine mast cell tumours and determine their association with the process of neoplastic transformation and the phenotypic traits of dogs. In total, 136 gene sequences from 68 biological samples, including blood and neoplastic tissue samples from 34 dogs with diagnosed MCTs, were analysed. The study consisted in DNA sequencing of the ND2 and ND4 genes as well as bioinformatics and statistical analyses. For the first time, mutations in NADH-dehydrogenase genes were detected in dogs with MCTs. In total, 22 polymorphic loci and 19 mutations in the ND2 and ND4 genes were identified. The majority of the identified mutations were homoplasmic, and tumour heteroplasmy was detected in eight nucleotide positions in three dogs. Seven of the ND2 mutations and two of the ND4 mutations caused an amino acid change. The changes in non-synonymous protein-coding SNPs did not exert an adverse effect on proteins. A statistically significant correlation of the presence of mutations/polymorphisms with the sex, age, and size of the dogs and the tumour location was demonstrated. Polymorphisms and mutations in NADH-dehydrogenase genes, including mastocyte-specific changes, in canine mast cell tumours that had not been reported earlier in the literature were identified. Some of these changes may imply that these are the hotspot mutations in canine mast cell tumours. It cannot be excluded that the molecular changes are directly associated with the development of mast cell tumours, and further investigations are needed to verify whether they can become molecular markers of MCTs in the future.

Keywords

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