Open Access

An evaluation of the dentoskeletal effects of slow maxillary expansion from the mixed to the permanent dentition



The aim of this study was to evaluate the dentoskeletal effects of a modified slow maxillary expansion appliance (MSMEA) during the transition from the mixed to the permanent dentition.


Forty subjects presenting with posterior crossbites were divided into two groups. Twenty-three subjects were assigned to a treatment group (mean age: 9.45 years) and 17 subjects assigned to a control group (mean age: 9.25 years). An MSMEA with acrylic occlusal coverage limited to the palatal cusps was used to provide maxillary expansion. The mean slow expansion treatment period was 7.8 months, while the mean observation period continued for 14.8 months of a 22.6-month total study period.


Substantial dental and skeletal effects were observed following treatment with the MSMEA. Most maxillary inter-molar and deciduous inter-second molar width increases were maintained in the permanent dentition (91% and 97%, respectively). Skeletal maxillary transverse dimensions, which increased by 2 mm after active expansion, were significantly greater (p< 0.001) when compared with the controls.


The findings suggested that an MSMEA provided orthopaedic and dental effects as a result of posterior crossbite correction. The effects of the appliance seen during the mixed dentition were maintained in the permanent dentition.

Publication timeframe:
Volume Open
Journal Subjects:
Medicine, Basic Medical Science, other