1. bookVolume 27 (2022): Issue 1 (March 2022)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2719-9452
First Published
01 Jan 2006
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English, Polish
access type Open Access

Various Aspects of the Application for a Trademark Made in Bad Faith in the Light of EU Case Law

Published Online: 05 Apr 2022
Volume & Issue: Volume 27 (2022) - Issue 1 (March 2022)
Page range: 95 - 115
Received: 30 Nov 2021
Accepted: 27 Feb 2022
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2719-9452
First Published
01 Jan 2006
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English, Polish
Abstract

European Union case law has in recent years brought to the surface numerous decisions that shed new light on the interpretation of bad faith in trademark law. The aim of this article is to present and discuss the premises that, pursuant to the judgments of the European Courts and decisions of the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO), are perceived as circumstances that may deem an application for a trademark as one made in bad faith. A close examination of the judicial decisions aims at determining how the approach to the concept of bad faith has been shaped in EU case law over the years since the preliminary ruling on the trademark application concerning the Easter bunny (Chocoladefabriken Lindt & Sprüngli). Initially, bad faith was identified with those unfair applications for trademarks aiming at harming a third-party interest that had used a given mark before. The rulings issued in subsequent years clearly indicate that the application for a trademark made in bad faith does not have to be connected with a similar designation used by a third party beforehand. Such an application may derive from an unfair strategy of protecting the applicant’s own designations. What is unfair here is an attempted use of the system of protection of trademarks for purposes other than those for which it serves, through making an application for a trademark for purposes other than the functioning of that trademark.

Keywords

Andrzejewski M., Kostański P., (w:) P. Kostański (red.), Prawo własności przemysłowej. Komentarz, Warszawa 2014. Search in Google Scholar

Cornish W., Llevelyn D., Intellectual Property: Patents, Copyright, Trade Marks and Allied Rights, Londyn 2003. Search in Google Scholar

Giannino M., Neymar dribbles past free riding: General Court confirms invalidity of a mark featuring the name of the Brazilian football star on the ground of bad faith, “Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice” 2019, 14 (8).10.1093/jiplp/jpz087 Search in Google Scholar

Kur A., (w:) A. Kur, M. Senftleben, European Trade Mark Law. A Commentary, Oxford 2017.10.1093/oso/9780199680443.001.0001 Search in Google Scholar

Mazurek M., Informacyjny charakter oznaczenia jako przeszkoda rejestracji wspólnotowego znaku towarowego, „Białostockie Studia Prawnicze” 2015, nr 19.10.15290/bsp.2015.19.13 Search in Google Scholar

Mellor J., Llewelyn D., Moody-Stuart T., Keeling D., Berkeley I., Kerly’s Law of Trade Marks and Trade Names, Londyn 2011. Search in Google Scholar

Micheletti C., Preventing Loss of Trademark Rights: Quantitative and Qualitative Assessments of Use and Their Impact on Abandonment Determinations, TMR 2004/5. Search in Google Scholar

Nowińska E., du Vall M., Pojęcie złej wiary w prawie znaków towarowych, (w:) Księga pamiątkowa z okazji 85-lecia ochrony własności przemysłowej w Polsce, Warszawa 2003. Search in Google Scholar

Ożegalska-Trybalska J., Znaki towarowe a zła wiara, (w:) J. Barta, J. Chwalba, R. Markiewicz, P. Wasilewski (red.), Qui bene dubitat, bene scient. Księga jubileuszowa dedykowana Profesor Ewie Nowińskiej, Warszawa 2018. Search in Google Scholar

Phillips J., Trade Mark Law. A Practical Anatomy, Oxford 2003. Search in Google Scholar

Preussner-Zamorska J., Zgłoszenie znaku towarowego w złej wierze, (w:) Księga pamiątkowa z okazji 80-lecia rzecznictwa patentowego w Polsce, Warszawa 2001. Search in Google Scholar

Promińska U., (w:) E. Nowińska, U. Promińska, M. du Vall, Prawo własności przemysłowej, Warszawa 2008. Search in Google Scholar

Sartre J.P., Byt i nicość, tłum. J. Kiełbasa, Warszawa 2007. Search in Google Scholar

Sitko J., Protection of a Famous Person’s Surname in the Light of the European Union Trade Mark Regulation, “European Research Studies Journal” XXIV, wyd. spec. 2021, nr 2.10.35808/ersj/2219 Search in Google Scholar

Sitko J.J., Special Criteria of Trade Mark Protection with Regard to Pharmaceutical Products in the European Union Legal System, IIC – “International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law”, wrzesień 2014, z. 45 (6).10.1007/s40319-014-0236-5 Search in Google Scholar

Skubisz R., Prawo znaków towarowych. Komentarz, Warszawa 1997. Search in Google Scholar

Skubisz R., Zgłoszenie znaku towarowego w złej wierze (wybrane problemy), (w:) L. Ogiegło, W. Popio-łek, M. Szpunar (red.), Rozprawy prawnicze. Księga pamiątkowa Profesora Maksymiliana Paz-dana, Warszawa 2005. Search in Google Scholar

Skubisz R., Uzyskanie charakteru odróżniającego przez znak towarowy poprzez używanie (przesłanki, data i dowody nabycia), „Białostockie Studia Prawnicze” 2015, nr 19.10.15290/bsp.2015.19.14 Search in Google Scholar

Szczepanowska-Kozłowska K., (w:) R. Skubisz (red.), System prawa prywatnego, t. 14 B: Prawo własności przemysłowej, wyd. 2, Warszawa 2017. Search in Google Scholar

Tannant L., Further success for Sky in SkyKick saga, as partial invalidity finding is overturned, “World Trademark Review”, 19.08.2021. Search in Google Scholar

Trzebiatowski M., (w:) J. Sieńczyło-Chlabicz J. (red.), Prawo własności przemysłowej. Komentarz, Warszawa 2020. Search in Google Scholar

Trzebiatowski M., Obligatory Trade Mark Use and Case-Law, Lublin 2010. Search in Google Scholar

Vos G., (w:) G. Hasselblatt (red.), Community Trade Mark Regulation. A Commentary, Oxford 2015.10.5771/9783845258904 Search in Google Scholar

Żelechowski Ł., (w:) P. Kostański, Ł. Żelechowski, Prawo własności przemysłowej, wyd. 2, Warszawa 2020. Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo