1. bookVolume 60 (2016): Issue 3 (September 2016)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

Influence of Peroral Supplementation of Selenium and Vitamin E on the Antioxidant Status of Racing Pigeons

Published Online: 17 Oct 2016
Volume & Issue: Volume 60 (2016) - Issue 3 (September 2016)
Page range: 24 - 28
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2453-7837
First Published
30 Mar 2016
Publication timeframe
4 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

The racing season is considered a critical period for racing pigeons due to the susceptibility to stress and weakening of the birds. One of the ways how to support their health and avoid problems involves supplementation of mineral-vitamin preparations based on selenium and vitamin E, which act as important antioxidants and protect cells against damage. This study investigated the influence of peroral supplementation of selenium at a dose of 0.3 mg Se.kg−1 feed dry matter (DM) in the form of Na2SeO3 and vitamin E 300 mg.ml−1 added to water at a rate of 4 ml.l−1 during 60 days. The supplemented group comprised 14 pigeons and their results were compared with a control group of 14 pigeons fed non-supplemented commercial feed. Blood samples were collected and examined at the beginning of the supplementation period, one day before a 300 km race and after the race. Pigeons from the supplemented group exhibited increased plasma levels of Se and vitamin E, as well as the activity of glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) before and after the 300 km race in comparison with the controls. Comparison of the activity of the enzymes: alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (ASP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and creatinine kinase (CK) at the beginning of the supplementation and one day before the race showed no changes. A significant (P < 0.05) increase in the activity of all investigated enzymes were observed after the race in both groups.

Keywords

1. Bouwstra, R. J., Nielen, M., Werver, V. T., 2009: Comparison of the oxidative status of vitamin E supplemented and non-supplemented cows under field conditions. Journal Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde, 134, 656—661.Search in Google Scholar

2. Bouwstra, R. J., Nielen, N., Newbold, J. R., Jansen, E. H., Jelinek, H. F., Werven, V. T., 2010: Vitamin E supplementation during the dry period in dairy cattle. Part II: Oxidative stress following vitamin E supplementation may increase clinical mastitis incidence postpartum. J. Dairy Sci., 93, 5696—5706.Search in Google Scholar

3. Comain, L., 2014: Origin of racing pigeons (In Czech). Letu zdar, 24, 19—21.Search in Google Scholar

4. Constantini, D., Dell’Arricia, G., Lipp, H. P., 2008: Long flights and age affect oxidative status of homing pigeons (Columba livia). J. Exper. Biol., 211, 377—381.10.1242/jeb.012856Search in Google Scholar

5. Commission Regulation (EC) No. 152/2009 of 27 January 2009 describes the methods of sampling and analysis for the official control of feed [online]. Available on internet: http://www.uksup.sk/download/krmiva/20100602_odber_a_analyza_vzoriek.pdf.Search in Google Scholar

6. Hess, D., Keller, H. E., Oberlin, B., Bonfanti, R., Schuep, W., 1991: Simultaneous determination of retinol, tocopherols, carotenes and lycopene in plasma by means of high-performance liquid chromatography on reversed phase. J. Vit. Nutr. Res., 61, 232—238.Search in Google Scholar

7. Paglia, D. E., Valentine, W. N., 1967: Studies on the quantitative and qualitative characterization of erythrocyte glutathione peroxidase. J. Lab. Clin. Med., 70, 158—169.Search in Google Scholar

8. Pechová, A., Pavlata, L., Illek, J., 2005: Blood and tissue selenium determination by hydride generation atomic absorption spectrophotometry. Acta Vet. Brno, 74, 483—490.10.2754/avb200574040483Search in Google Scholar

9. Pospišilová, D., 2014: Prevention of diseases in pigeon rearing (In Slovak). Spravodajca Bioveta SK, 2008,14, 14—15.Search in Google Scholar

10. Rodriguez, E. M., Sanz, M. T., Romero, C. D., 1994: Critical study of fluorometric determination of selenium in urine. Talanta, 12, 2025—2031.10.1016/0039-9140(94)E0060-5Search in Google Scholar

11. Rooke, J. A., Robinson, J. J., Arthur, J. R., 2004: Effects of vitamin E and selenium on the performance and immune status of ewes and lambs. J. Agric. Sci., 142, 253—262.10.1017/S0021859604004368Search in Google Scholar

12. Schoonheere, N., Dotreppe, O., Pincemail, J., Istasse, L., Hornick, J. L., 2009: Dietary incorporation of feedstuffs naturally high in organic selenium for racing pigeons (Columba livia): effects on plasma antioxidant markers after a standardised simulation of a flying effort. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim. Nutr. (Berl.), 93, 325—30.10.1111/j.1439-0396.2008.00879.x19646107Search in Google Scholar

13. Spears, J. W., 2003: Trace mineral bioavailability in ruminants. J. Nutr., 133, 1506—1509.10.1093/jn/133.5.1506S12730454Search in Google Scholar

Recommended articles from Trend MD

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo