1. bookVolume 10 (2017): Issue 14 (June 2017)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Copyright
© 2020 Sciendo

Mindfulness and Complex Identities in Equity Training: A Pilot Study

Published Online: 03 Oct 2017
Page range: 20 - 33
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Copyright
© 2020 Sciendo

Equity (diversity, anti-oppression) training refers to teaching self-awareness of social location, privilege/disadvantage that mainstream culture perpetuates, and working self-reflectively for equity in everyday interactions amid diversity. This paper investigates the efficacy of equity training on the basis of mindfulness, compassion, and an intersectional/complex identity. Mindfulness refers to a vivid awareness of the present moment, of one’s own embodiment, thoughts, and emotions, fostering self-awareness and compassion. A complex conception of identity in an intersectional approach recognizes that people hold multiple statuses and I propose that this helps them self-identify with both privilege and disadvantage beyond dichotomic notions, finger pointing, and angry reactions. I first discuss the relevant theory of intersectionality and compassion, and consider the significance of this kind of approach to equity training. I then report the outcome of my pilot study that compares the impressions of two small groups of trainees in different equity workshops who were interviewed: The target group attended a workshop based on mindfulness exercises within an intersectional framework, and the comparison group attended a workshop not based on mindfulness, but that included information about privilege, disadvantage, and compassion. The findings point to an enhanced and emotionally involved self-awareness in respondents that participated in the target group workshop, based on mindfulness and empathy enhancing exercises.

Keywords

Anthias, F. (2012). Intersectional what? Social divisions, intersectionality and levels of analysis. Ethnicities, 13(1), 3-19.10.1177/1468796812463547Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Brookfield, S. (2014). Teaching our own racism: Incorporating personal narratives of whiteness into anti-racist practice. Adult Learning, 25(3), 89-95.Search in Google Scholar

Carni, S., Petrocchi, N., Del Miglio, C., Mancini, F., and Couyoumdjian, A. (2013). Intrapsychic and interpersonal guilt: A critical review of the recent literature. Cognitive Processing, 14(4),333-346.Search in Google Scholar

Choudhury, S. (2015). Deep diversity: Overcoming us vs. them. Toronto: Between the Lines.Search in Google Scholar

Collins, P. H. (2000). Black feminist thought: Knowledge, consciousness and the politics of empowerment. (2nd ed.) New York: Routledge.Search in Google Scholar

Dhamoon, R. K. (2011). Considerations on mainstreaming intersectionality. Political Research Quarterly, 64(1), 230-243.Search in Google Scholar

DiAngelo, R. (2011). White fragility. International Journal of Critical Pedagogy, 3(3), 57-70.Search in Google Scholar

Flook, L., Goldberg, S. B., Pinger, L., and Davidson, R. J. (2015). Promoting prosocial behavior and self-regulatory skills in preschool children through a mindfulness-based kindness curriculum. Developmental Psychology, 51(1), 44–51.Search in Google Scholar

Galante, J., Galante, I., Bekkers, M., and Gallacher, J. (2014). Effect of kindness-based meditation on health and well-being: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 82(6), 1101-1114.Search in Google Scholar

Gnanadass, E. (2014). Learning to teach about race: The racialized experience of a South Asian American feminist educator. Adult Learning, 25(3), 96-102.Search in Google Scholar

Goetz, J. L., Keltner, D., and Simon-Thomas, E. (2010). Compassion: An evolutionary analysis and empirical review. Psychological Bulletin, 136(3), 351-374.Search in Google Scholar

Gopaldas, A. (2013). Intersectionality 101. Journal of Public Policy, 32(special issue), 90-94.Search in Google Scholar

Hernandez-Wolfe, P., and McDowell, T. (2012). Speaking of privilege: Family therapy educators’ journeys toward awareness and compassionate action. Family Process, 51, 163-178.Search in Google Scholar

Holas, P. and Jankowski, T. (2013). A cognitive perspective on mindfulness. International Journal of Psychology, 48(3), 232–243.10.1080/00207594.2012.658056Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Horn, J. D.(2008). My reflections on the path to uncovering my whiteness and unlearning racism. Transformative Dialogues: Teaching & Learning Journal, 2(2), 1-5.Search in Google Scholar

Jones, S. R.(2009). Constructing identities at the intersections: An autoethnographic exploration of multiple dimensions of identity. Journal of College Student Development, 50(3), 287-304.10.1353/csd.0.0070Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Koenig, J. (2012). Sonder. The dictionary of obscure sorrows. Retrieved from http://www.dictionaryofobscuresorrows.com/post/23536922667/sonderSearch in Google Scholar

McIntosh, P.([1988] 1990). White privilege: Unpacking the invisible knapsack. Independent School, 49(2), 31-35.Search in Google Scholar

Navarrete, F. (2016). México racista: Una denuncia. Mexico City: Grijalbo.Search in Google Scholar

Neff, K. D. (2003). Self-compassion: An alternative conceptualization of a healthy attitude toward oneself. Psychology Press, 2, 85-101.Search in Google Scholar

Neff, K. D., Kirkpatrick K. L., Rude S. S. (2007a). Self-compassion and adaptive psychological functioning. Journal of Research in Personality, 41,139-154.10.1016/j.jrp.2006.03.004Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Neff, K. D., Rude S. S., and Kirkpatrick K. L. (2007b). An examination of self-compassion in relation to positive psychological functioning and personality traits. Journal of Research in Personality, 41, 908-916.10.1016/j.jrp.2006.08.002Open DOISearch in Google Scholar

Neff, K. D. and Germer C. K. (2013). A pilot study and randomized controlled trial of the mindful self-compassion program. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 69(1), 28–44.Search in Google Scholar

Nussbaum, M. (2001). Upheavals of thought: The intelligence of emotions. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.Search in Google Scholar

Sánchez-Flores, M. J. (2005). Political philosophy for the global age. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Search in Google Scholar

Sánchez-Flores, M. J. (2010). Cosmopolitan liberalism: Expanding the boundaries of the individual. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Search in Google Scholar

Schonert-Reichl, K. A., Oberle, E., Lawlor, M. S., Abbott, D., Thomson, K., Oberlander, T. F., and Diamond, A. (2015). Enhancing cognitive and social-emotional development through a simple-to-administer mindfulness-based school program for elementary school children: A randomized controlled trial. Developmental Psychology, 51(1), 52–66.Search in Google Scholar

Spectrumlens. (2008, April 26). Unpacking the invisible knapsack [video file]. Retrieved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DRnoddGTMTYSearch in Google Scholar

Walach, H., Buchheld, N., Buttenmuller, V., Kleinknecht, N., and Schmidt, S. (2006). Measuring mindfulness—the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Personality and Individual Differences, 40(8), 1543-1555.Search in Google Scholar

Plan your remote conference with Sciendo