1. bookVolume 6 (2019): Issue 2 (December 2019)
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2354-0036
First Published
16 Apr 2015
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2 times per year
Languages
English
access type Open Access

If I knew they were the expression of creativity in people with blindness, I would rate them higher - Bias in Evaluating the Work of People with Blindness

Published Online: 09 Apr 2020
Volume & Issue: Volume 6 (2019) - Issue 2 (December 2019)
Page range: 182 - 197
Received: 24 Sep 2019
Accepted: 03 Jan 2020
Journal Details
License
Format
Journal
eISSN
2354-0036
First Published
16 Apr 2015
Publication timeframe
2 times per year
Languages
English
Abstract

Objective: In our pilot study, we tested to what extent subjective understanding and aesthetic appreciation of em-bossed drawings were dependent on the information that their creators were people with disability. Method: Our research was carried out in a gallery of contemporary art with 30 adults who were non-experts in the field of visual arts. Subjects were asked to view the current exhibition and then evaluate their subjective understanding and aesthetic appreciation (liking and interest) of 12 embossed drawings on seven-point scales. Results: Participants who were aware that persons with blindness had created the drawings (the informed group) in contrast to those who remained unaware (the uninformed group) declared – both – greater subjective understanding and higher appreciation of the exhibited works. In the informed group (N = 15), in comparison to the uninformed group (N = 15), the correlation between appreciation and subjective understanding of artwork was stronger. Conclusions: We discuss our pattern of results considering the attributional approach to creativity (Kasof, 1995) and the model of a cognitive mastering process of aesthetic experiences (Leder, Belke, Oeberst, & Augustin, 2004). Our results can be used, among others, by educators working in art galleries and museums.

Keywords

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